|Merged into||Hockey Canada|
|Formation||December 4, 1914|
|Founded at||Ottawa, Ontario, Canada|
The Canadian Amateur Hockey Association (CAHA; French: Association canadienne de hockey amateur) was the national governing body of amateur ice hockey in Canada from 1914 until 1994, when it merged with Hockey Canada. Its jurisdiction included senior ice hockey leagues and the Allan Cup, junior ice hockey leagues and the Memorial Cup, amateur minor ice hockey leagues in Canada, and choosing the representative of the Canada men's national ice hockey team.
The Canadian Amateur Hockey Association (CAHA) was formed on December 4, 1914, at the Château Laurier hotel in Ottawa. The desire to set up a national body for hockey came from the Allan Cup trustees who were unable to keep up with organizing its annual challenges. The Allan Cup then became recognized as the annual championship for amateur senior ice hockey in Canada. In 1919, the CAHA became trustees of the Memorial Cup, awarded as the annual championship for junior ice hockey in Canada.
The CAHA negotiated an agreement with the National Hockey League (NHL) in 1940, which recognized junior hockey in Canada as a source of talent for the NHL and provided financial compensation to the CAHA for developing amateur players who were signed to professional contracts. The agreement included allowing the NHL to sign a limited number of junior age players and began a regulated relationship between amateur and professional hockey.
The CAHA filled the role of selecting the Canada men's national ice hockey team to represent the country in ice hockey at the Olympic Games and at the Ice Hockey World Championships. From 1920 until 1963, the CAHA usually chose the reigning Allan Cup champion to represent the country. For the 1964 Winter Olympics, the CAHA approved a proposal by Father David Bauer which established a permanent national men's team composed of student athletes reinforced with senior hockey players.
Hockey Canada was formed in 1969 to operate the national team and oversee Canada's involvement in international competition. The CAHA and Hockey Canada had a troubled relationship since a clear definition of responsibilities was never established, and the CAHA's authority over amateur hockey in Canada and its membership within the International Ice Hockey Federation were questioned. In 1994, CAHA president Murray Costello and Hockey Canada president Bill Hay, negotiated a merger between the two organizations. Originally called the Canadian Hockey Association, it has operated as Hockey Canada since 1998. Combining the two organizations allowed for the profits from the Canada Cup and the Summit Series to be invested into minor ice hockey in Canada, and also allowed professionals into international competition at the World Championships and eventually the Olympics.
List of presidents
- 1914–1915, W. F. Taylor
- 1915–1919, James T. Sutherland
- 1916–1918, J. F. Paxton (acting president)
- 1919–1920, Frederick E. Betts
- 1920–1921, H. J. Sterling
- 1921–1922, W. R. Granger
- 1922–1924, Toby Sexsmith
- 1924–1926, Silver Quilty
- 1926–1928, Frank Sandercock
- 1928–1930, W. A. Fry
- 1930–1932, Jack Hamilton
- 1932–1934, Frank Greenleaf
- 1934–1936, E. A. Gilroy
- 1936–1938, Cecil Duncan
- 1938–1940, W. G. Hardy
- 1940–1942, George Dudley
- 1942–1945, Frank Sargent
- 1945–1947, Hanson Dowell
- 1947–1950, Al Pickard
- 1950–1952, Doug Grimston
- 1952–1955, W. B. George
- 1955–1957, James Dunn
- 1957–1959, Robert Lebel
- 1959–1960, Gordon Juckes
- 1960–1962, Jack Roxburgh
- 1962–1964, Art Potter
- 1964–1966, Lionel Fleury
- 1966–1968, Fred Page
- 1968, Lloyd Pollock
- 1969–1971, Earl Dawson
- 1971–1973, Joe Kryczka
- 1973–1975, Jack Devine
- 1975–1977, Don Johnson
- 1977–1979, Gord Renwick
- 1979–1994, Murray Costello
List of branches
List of Canadian Amateur Hockey Association member branches from 1914 to 1994:
Order of Merit
The CAHA agreed to establish an Order of Merit at the 1960 general meeting, to recognize an individual who "made outstanding contributions to Canadian amateur hockey". The first group of recipients were named in January and May 1962.
List of notable recipients of the Order of Merit:
- 1962, Hanson Dowell
- 1963, Frank Sargent, Frank Dilio
- 1964, George Panter
- 1965, Frank Buckland
- 1966, Art Potter, W. B. George
- 1967, Jack Hamilton
- 1969, W. G. Hardy
- 1971, Jack Roxburgh
- 1973, Matt Leyden
- 1975, Bill Hanley
- 1976, Gordon Juckes
- 1979, Tubby Schmalz
- 1984, Paul Dumont
- 1986, Ed Chynoweth
- 1990, Leo Margolis
- 1990, Joseph R. Byrne, Bob Nadin
- 1991, Frank McKinnon
- 1994, Fran Rider
Gordon Juckes Award
The CAHA established the Gordon Juckes Award in 1981, to recognize an individual for outstanding contribution to the development of amateur hockey at the national level in Canada.
List of recipients of the Gordon Juckes Award:
- McKinley, Michael (2014), pp. 5–7
- McKinley, Michael (2014), pp. 16–18
- "N.H.L. Will Pay I.H.A. $500 Cash For Signing Up Amateur Players". Lethbridge Herald. Lethbridge, Alberta. September 13, 1940. p. 16.
- "Close Co-Operation Exists Between Hockey Organizations". Winnipeg Tribune. Winnipeg, Manitoba. January 2, 1941. p. 12.
- McKinley, Michael (2014), pp. 21–23
- "Honoured Member: Father David Bauer". Canada's Sports Hall of Fame. Retrieved December 3, 2020.
- Shea, Kevin (March 13, 2009). "Spotlight – One on One with Father David Bauer". Legends of Hockey. Retrieved December 3, 2020.
- "CAHA wants corporation to finance national team". Medicine Hat News. Medicine Hat, Alberta. December 5, 1968. p. 5.
- Briscoe, Bob (January 27, 1969). "CAHA Agrees ... If". Winnipeg Free Press. Winnipeg, Manitoba. p. 20.
- "Hay, Bill — Biography — Honoured Member". Legends of Hockey. Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved June 5, 2020.
- Edmonds, Paul (June 19, 2017). "The man with the plan". Hockey Canada. Retrieved June 5, 2020.
- "Past Officers". Hockey Canada. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
- Canadian Amateur Hockey Association (1990), pp. 125–134
- Canadian Amateur Hockey Association (1990), pp. 2–3
- Lake, Stuart (May 16, 1962). "CAHA To Honor Four Eastern Canadians". St. John's Daily News. St. John's, Newfoundland. p. 10.
- "Quakers Bid For Games". Medicine Hat News. Medicine Hat, Alberta. May 24, 1962. p. 7.
- "Hockey Canada Order of Merit". Hockey Canada. Retrieved November 4, 2020.
- "Gordon Juckes Award". Hockey Canada. Retrieved November 4, 2020.