|Head coach||Alain Vigneault|
|Most games||Brad Schlegel (304)|
|Top scorer||Brad Schlegel|
|Most points||Cliff Ronning (156)|
|Team colours||Red, black, white|
|Current IIHF||1 (24 April 2020)|
|Highest IIHF||1 (first in 2003)|
|Lowest IIHF||5 (first in 2012)|
|Canada 8–1 Switzerland|
(Les Avants, Switzerland; January 10, 1910)
|Canada 47–0 Denmark|
(Stockholm, Sweden; February 12, 1949)
|Soviet Union 11–1 Canada|
(Vienna, Austria; April 24, 1977)
|IIHF World Championships|
|Appearances||72 (first in 1920)|
|Best result||Gold: 26 (1920, 1924, 1928, 1930, 1931, 1932, 1934, 1935, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1948, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1955, 1958, 1959, 1961, 1994, 1997, 2003, 2004, 2007, 2015, 2016)|
|World Cup / Canada Cup|
|Appearances||8 (first in 1976)|
|Best result||Winner: 6 (1976, 1984, 1987, 1991, 2004, 2016)|
|Appearances||22 (first in 1920)|
|Medals|| Gold: 9 (1920, 1924, 1928, 1932, 1948, 1952, 2002, 2010, 2014)|
Silver: 4 (1936, 1960, 1992, 1994)
Bronze: 3 (1956, 1968, 2018)
The Canada men's national ice hockey team (popularly known as Team Canada; French: Équipe Canada) is the ice hockey team representing Canada internationally. The team is overseen by Hockey Canada, a member of the International Ice Hockey Federation. From 1920 until 1963, Canada's international representation was by senior amateur club teams. Canada's national men's team was founded in 1963 by Father David Bauer as a part of the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association, playing out of the University of British Columbia. The nickname "Team Canada" was first used for the 1972 Summit Series and has been frequently used to refer to both the Canadian national men's and women's teams ever since.
Canada is the leading national ice hockey team in international play, winners of the 1972 Summit Series against the Soviet Union, four of five Canada Cups dating back to 1976, nine Olympic gold medals (the most in the world), including three of the last five: Salt Lake City 2002, Vancouver 2010, and Sochi 2014. They are 26-time IIHF World Champions and winner of the 2004 and 2016 World Cup of Hockey.
Canada is one of the most successful national ice hockey teams in the world and a member of the so-called "Big Six", the unofficial group of the six strongest men's ice hockey nations, along with Russia, the United States, Sweden, Finland, and the Czech Republic.
Hockey is Canada's national winter sport, and Canadians are extremely passionate about the game. Canada was first represented internationally at the 1910 European Championships by the Oxford Canadians, a team of Canadians from the University of Oxford. They represented Canada again at the 1912 World Championships.
From 1920 until 1963, the senior amateur club teams representing Canada, were usually the most recent Allan Cup champions. The last amateur club team from Canada to win a gold medal at the World Championship was the Trail Smoke Eaters in 1961. The responsibility of choosing which team represented Canada belonged to Canadian Amateur Hockey Association (CAHA) secretary-manager; George Dudley from 1947 to 1960, and Gordon Juckes from 1960 to 1963.
Following the 1963 World Championships, Father David Bauer founded the national team as a permanent institution. The new permanent national team first competed in ice hockey at the 1964 Winter Olympics. His philosophy was to simply win the games against the weaker countries instead of running up the score. Canada, Czechoslovakia and Sweden finished with identical records of five wins and two losses. Canada thought they had won the bronze medal based on the goal differential in the three games among the tied countries. When they attended the presentation of the Olympic medals, they were disappointed to learn they had finished in fourth place based on goal differential of all seven games played. The players and CAHA president Art Potter accused that International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF) president Bunny Ahearne, made a last-minute decision to change the rules and take away a medal from Canada. Marshall Johnston summarized the team's feeling that, "The shepherd and his flock had been fleeced".
Before the Soviet Union began international competition in 1954, Canada dominated international hockey, winning six out of seven golds at the Olympics and 10 World Championship gold medals. Canada then went 50 years without winning the Winter Olympic Gold medal and from 1962 to 1993, didn't win any World Championships. This was in part because Canada's best professional players were unable to attend these events as they had commitments with their National Hockey League teams.
Canada was awarded hosting duties of the 1970 Ice Hockey World Championships with the limited use of former professionals. The IIHF later reversed the permission after International Olympic Committee president Avery Brundage objected to professionals at an amateur event. CAHA president Earl Dawson withdrew the national team from international competitions against European hockey teams until Canada was allowed to use its best players.
Canada returned to the IIHF in 1977 after a series of negotiations between IIHF President Dr. Sabetzki and top officials of professional ice hockey in Canada and the United States. As a result, professionals are allowed to compete at the World Championship and the tournament is scheduled later in the year to ensure more players are available from among the NHL teams eliminated from the Stanley Cup playoffs. In return, a competition for the "Canada Cup" was to be played every four years on North American territory with the participation of Canada, the United States, and the four strongest European national teams, including professionals.
In 1983, Hockey Canada began the "Program of Excellence", whose purpose was to prepare a team for the Winter Olympics every four years. This new National Team played a full season together all over the world against both national and club teams, and often attracted top NHL prospects. In 1986, the International Olympic Committee voted to allow professional athletes to compete in Olympic Games, starting in 1988. Veteran pros with NHL experience and, in a few cases, current NHLers who were holding out in contract disputes joined the team. This program was discontinued in 1998, when the NHL began shutting down to allow its players to compete.
After not winning a gold medal for 33 years, Canada won the 1994 World Championship in Italy. Since that time, they have won in 1997, 2003, 2004, 2007, 2015 and 2016. Canada captured its first Olympic gold medal in 50 years at Salt Lake City 2002. At Vancouver 2010, Canada won the gold medal with a 3–2 win against the United States in the final. Sidney Crosby's overtime goal secured Canada the final gold medal awarded at the Games. At the 2012 World Championship in Finland and Sweden, Ryan Murray became the first draft eligible prospect to represent Canada at the Ice Hockey World Championship.
Canada successfully defended gold at Sochi 2014, becoming the first men's team to do so since the Soviet Union in 1988, the first to finish the tournament undefeated since 1984 and the first to do both with a full NHL participation. Their relentless offensive pressure and stifling defence has earned the 2014 squad praise as perhaps the best, most complete Team Canada ever assembled. Drew Doughty and Shea Weber led the team in scoring, while Jonathan Toews scored the gold medal-winning goal in the first period of a 3–0 win over Sweden in the final. The architect behind the 2010 and 2014 teams, Steve Yzerman, immediately stepped down as general manager following the win.
Led by general manager Jim Nill, head coach Todd McLellan, and the late addition of captain Sidney Crosby, Canada won the 2015 IIHF World Championship in dominating fashion over Russia, their first win at the Worlds since 2007. By winning all 10 of their games in regulation, Hockey Canada was awarded a 1 million Swiss franc bonus prize in the first year of its existence. Canada scored 66 goals in their 10 games and had the top three scorers of the tournament: Jason Spezza, Jordan Eberle and Taylor Hall. Tyler Seguin also led the championship with nine goals. The win secured Canada's return to number one on the IIHF world rankings for the first time since 2010.
List of teams representing Canada from 1920 to 1963
All Olympic ice hockey tournaments between 1920 and 1968 also counted as World Championships. They have won a total of 15 Olympic medals.
|1928||St. Moritz, Switzerland||Gold|
|1930||Chamonix, France; Berlin, Germany; Vienna, Austria||Gold|
|1932||Lake Placid, US||Gold|
|1937||London, Great Britain||Gold|
|1939||Zürich / Basel, Switzerland||Gold|
|World Championships not held from 1940 to 1946 during World War II.|
|Canada did not participate in 1947.|
|1948||St. Moritz, Switzerland||Gold|
|1950||London, Great Britain||Gold|
|Canada did not participate in 1953.|
|1955||Krefeld / Dortmund / Cologne, West Germany||Gold|
|1956||Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy||Bronze|
|Canada did not participate in 1957.|
|1959||Prague / Bratislava, Czechoslovakia||Gold|
|1960||Squaw Valley, US||Silver|
|1961||Geneva / Lausanne, Switzerland||Gold|
|1962||Colorado Springs / Denver, US||Silver|
|1963||Stockholm, Sweden||4th place|
|1964||Innsbruck, Austria||4th place|
|1965||Tampere, Finland||4th place|
|1969||Stockholm, Sweden||4th place|
|Canada did not participate in IIHF events from 1970 to 1976.|
|1977||Vienna, Austria||4th place|
|1979||Moscow, Soviet Union||4th place|
|1981||Gothenburg / Stockholm, Sweden||4th place|
|1982||Helsinki / Tampere, Finland||Bronze|
|1983||Düsseldorf / Dortmund / Munich, West Germany||Bronze|
|1986||Moscow, Soviet Union||Bronze|
|1987||Vienna, Austria||4th place|
|1989||Stockholm / Södertälje, Sweden||Silver|
|1990||Bern / Fribourg, Switzerland||4th place|
|1991||Turku / Helsinki / Tampere, Finland||Silver|
|1992||Prague / Bratislava, Czechoslovakia||8th place|
|1993||Dortmund / Munich, Germany||4th place|
|1994||Bolzano / Canazei / Milan, Italy||Gold|
|1995||Stockholm / Gävle, Sweden||Bronze|
|1997||Helsinki / Turku / Tampere, Finland||Gold|
|1998||Zürich / Basel, Switzerland||6th place|
|1999||Oslo / Lillehammer / Hamar, Norway||4th place|
|2000||Saint Petersburg, Russia||4th place|
|2001||Cologne / Hanover / Nuremberg, Germany||5th place|
|2002||Gothenburg / Karlstad / Jönköping, Sweden||6th place|
|2003||Helsinki / Tampere / Turku, Finland||Gold|
|2004||Prague / Ostrava, Czech Republic||Gold|
|2005||Innsbruck / Vienna, Austria||Silver|
|2006||Riga, Latvia||4th place|
|2007||Moscow / Mytishchi, Russia||Gold|
|2008||Quebec City / Halifax, Canada||Silver|
|2009||Bern / Kloten, Switzerland||Silver|
|2010||Cologne / Mannheim / Gelsenkirchen, Germany||7th place|
|2011||Bratislava / Košice, Slovakia||5th place|
|2012||Helsinki, Finland / Stockholm, Sweden||5th place|
|2013||Stockholm, Sweden / Helsinki, Finland||5th place|
|2014||Minsk, Belarus||5th place|
|2015||Prague / Ostrava, Czech Republic||Gold|
|2016||Moscow / Saint Petersburg, Russia||Gold|
|2017||Cologne, Germany / Paris, France||Silver|
|2018||Copenhagen / Herning, Denmark||4th place|
|2019||Bratislava / Košice, Slovakia||Silver|
|2020||Zürich / Lausanne, Switzerland||Cancelled|
World Cup of Hockey
In the Spengler Cup, Team Canada competes against European club teams such as HC Davos who host the tournament every year in Vaillant Arena. Canada was initially represented by the standing national team at this event, but subsequently is usually made up of Canadians playing in European leagues or the American Hockey League. In 2019, Team Canada won its 16th Spengler Cups, passing the host team HC Davos (last win 2011) for the most titles.
|Winner||1984, 1986, 1987, 1992, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2002, 2003, 2007, 2012, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2019|
|Runners-up||1985, 1988, 1990, 2000, 2001, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2010, 2018|
|Third place||1989, 1991, 1994, 1999, 2004, 2009|
Head coach: Alain Vigneault
|4||D||Dante Fabbro||1.83 m (6 ft 0 in)||86 kg (190 lb)||June 20, 1998||Nashville Predators|
|5||D||Philippe Myers||1.96 m (6 ft 5 in)||95 kg (209 lb)||25 January 1997||Philadelphia Flyers|
|7||F||Sean Couturier – A||1.91 m (6 ft 3 in)||96 kg (212 lb)||December 7, 1992||Philadelphia Flyers|
|10||F||Tyson Jost||1.80 m (5 ft 11 in)||87 kg (192 lb)||March 14, 1998||Colorado Avalanche|
|14||F||Adam Henrique||1.80 m (5 ft 11 in)||91 kg (201 lb)||February 6, 1990||Anaheim Ducks|
|16||F||Jared McCann||1.85 m (6 ft 1 in)||84 kg (185 lb)||May 31, 1996||Pittsburgh Penguins|
|17||F||Dylan Strome||1.90 m (6 ft 3 in)||91 kg (201 lb)||March 7, 1997||Chicago Blackhawks|
|18||F||Pierre-Luc Dubois||1.91 m (6 ft 3 in)||94 kg (207 lb)||June 24, 1998||Winnipeg Jets|
|19||F||Kyle Turris – C||1.85 m (6 ft 1 in)||86 kg (190 lb)||August 14, 1989||Edmonton Oilers|
|21||F||Mathieu Joseph||1.85 m (6 ft 1 in)||86 kg (190 lb)||February 9, 1997||Tampa Bay Lightning|
|23||F||Sam Reinhart||1.85 m (6 ft 1 in)||88 kg (194 lb)||November 6, 1995||Buffalo Sabres|
|25||D||Darnell Nurse||1.93 m (6 ft 4 in)||100 kg (220 lb)||February 4, 1995||Edmonton Oilers|
|27||D||Shea Theodore||1.88 m (6 ft 2 in)||88 kg (194 lb)||August 3, 1995||Vegas Golden Knights|
|28||D||Damon Severson||1.88 m (6 ft 2 in)||93 kg (205 lb)||August 7, 1994||New Jersey Devils|
|29||G||Mackenzie Blackwood||1.93 m (6 ft 4 in)||102 kg (225 lb)||December 9, 1996||New Jersey Devils|
|30||G||Matt Murray||1.93 m (6 ft 4 in)||81 kg (179 lb)||May 25, 1994||Ottawa Senators|
|31||G||Carter Hart||1.83 m (6 ft 0 in)||89 kg (196 lb)||August 13, 1998||Philadelphia Flyers|
|39||F||Anthony Mantha||1.96 m (6 ft 5 in)||102 kg (225 lb)||September 16, 1994||Detroit Red Wings|
|51||D||Troy Stecher||1.78 m (5 ft 10 in)||84 kg (185 lb)||April 7, 1994||Detroit Red Wings|
|59||F||Tyler Bertuzzi||1.83 m (6 ft 0 in)||86 kg (190 lb)||February 24, 1995||Detroit Red Wings|
|61||F||Mark Stone – A||1.93 m (6 ft 4 in)||93 kg (205 lb)||May 13, 1992||Vegas Golden Knights|
|62||D||Brandon Montour||1.83 m (6 ft 0 in)||88 kg (194 lb)||April 11, 1994||Buffalo Sabres|
|71||F||Anthony Cirelli||1.83 m (6 ft 0 in)||82 kg (181 lb)||July 15, 1997||Tampa Bay Lightning|
|72||D||Thomas Chabot||1.88 m (6 ft 2 in)||89 kg (196 lb)||January 30, 1997||Ottawa Senators|
|81||F||Jonathan Marchessault||1.75 m (5 ft 9 in)||79 kg (174 lb)||December 27, 1990||Vegas Golden Knights|
List of coaches of the Canada men's national ice hockey team.
- Gordon Sigurjonsson, 1920
- Frank Rankin, 1924
- Conn Smythe, 1928
- Jack Hughes, 1932
- Al Pudas, 1936
- Sgt. Frank Boucher, 1948
- Louis Holmes, 1952
- Bobby Bauer, 1956, 1960
- Father David Bauer, 1964
- Jackie McLeod, 1968
- Lorne Davis, Clare Drake, Tom Watt (co-coaches), 1980
- Dave King, 1984, 1988, 1992
- Tom Renney, 1994
- Marc Crawford, 1998
- Pat Quinn, 2002, 2006
- Mike Babcock, 2010, 2014
- Willie Desjardins, 2018
- Summit Series, Canada Cup, World Cup
- World Championships
- Les Allen, 1930
- Blake Wilson, 1931
- Harold Ballard, 1933
- Johnny Walker, 1934
- Scotty Oliver, 1935
- John Achtzener, 1937
- Max Silverman, 1938
- Elmer Piper, 1939
- Max Silverman, 1949
- Jimmy Graham, 1950
- Dick Gray, 1951
- Greg Currie, 1954
- Grant Warwick, 1955
- Sid Smith, 1958
- Ike Hildebrand, 1959
- Lloyd Roubell, 1961, 1962
- Bobby Kromm, 1963
- Gord Simpson, 1965
- Jackie McLeod, 1966, 1967, 1969
- Johnny Wilson, 1977
- Harry Howell, 1978
- Marshall Johnston, 1979
- Don Cherry, 1981
- Red Berenson, 1982
- Dave King, 1983
- Doug Carpenter, 1985
- Pat Quinn, 1986
- Dave King, 1987, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992
- Mike Keenan, 1993
- George Kingston, 1994
- Tom Renney, 1995, 1996
- Andy Murray, 1997, 1998
- Mike Johnston, 1999
- Tom Renney, 2000
- Wayne Fleming, 2001, 2002
- Andy Murray, 2003
- Mike Babcock, 2004
- Marc Habscheid, 2005, 2006
- Andy Murray, 2007
- Ken Hitchcock, 2008
- Lindy Ruff, 2009
- Craig MacTavish, 2010
- Ken Hitchcock, 2011
- Brent Sutter, 2012
- Lindy Ruff, 2013
- Dave Tippett, 2014
- Todd McLellan, 2015
- Bill Peters, 2016
- Jon Cooper, 2017
- Bill Peters, 2018
- Alain Vigneault, 2019
- Canada men's national junior ice hockey team
- Canada men's national ice sledge hockey team
- List of Canadian national ice hockey team rosters
- Canada men's national field hockey team
- List of IIHF World Under-20 Championship players for Canada
- "Hockey Canada Logo Guidelines" (PDF). HockeyCanada.ca. Hockey Canada. March 27, 2013. Retrieved April 26, 2018.
- "IIHF Men's World Ranking". IIHF. April 24, 2020. Retrieved April 24, 2020.
- Hockey Canada
- "NHL announces World Cup of Hockey for 2016". The Canadian Press. January 24, 2015. Retrieved January 29, 2015.
- Young, Scott (1989). 100 Years of Dropping the Puck. Toronto, Ontario: McClelland & Stewart Inc. p. 218. ISBN 0-7710-9093-5.
- Oliver, Greg (2017), p. 120
- McKinley, Michael (2014), p. 148
- O'Connor, Joe (February 14, 2018). "'We got cheated': How the hockey crime of the 20th century cost Canada an Olympic medal". National Post. Retrieved April 28, 2018.
- Levett, Bruce (January 5, 1970). "Exit, World Hockey, 1970". Winnipeg Free Press. Winnipeg, Manitoba. p. 20.
- Monsebraaten, Laurie (October 15, 1986). "Players in NHL are now eligible in the Olympics". Toronto Star.
- "Canada win thrilling final gold of Winter Olympics". BBC Sport. February 28, 2010. Retrieved March 1, 2010.
- "Sochi hockey squad one of the greatest Canada has ever iced". Toronto Sun. February 23, 2014. Retrieved February 24, 2014.
- "Steve Yzerman steps down as GM after Team Canada wins gold". Sports Illustrated. February 23, 2014. Retrieved February 24, 2014.
- "Will Canada hit jackpot?". IIHF. Retrieved May 16, 2015.
- "Canada wins first hockey worlds gold since 2007". ESPN. Retrieved May 19, 2015.
- Hockey Canada-IIHF World Men's championship
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 1–10
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 11–22
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 23–32
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 33–40
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 41–52
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 53–66
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 67–78
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 79–88
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 89–100
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 101–112
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 113–124
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 137–146
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 147–158
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 159–172
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 173–182
- Podnieks 1997, pp. 183–194
- Lapointe, Joe (February 1, 1998). "NAGANO '98; Wearing C, for Canada". The New York Times. Retrieved March 30, 2009.
- Wallechinsky 2002, p. 31
- Elliott, Helene (February 28, 2010). "Canada defeats U.S., 3–2, to win gold medal in men's hockey". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 1, 2010.
- Steiss, Adam. "2020 IIHF Ice Hockey World Championship cancelled". iihf.com. IIHF. Retrieved March 21, 2020.
- "Hockey Canada names 22 players to 2019 IIHF World Championship roster". hockeycanada.ca. April 29, 2019.
- "2019 IIHF World Championship roster" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on May 17, 2019. Retrieved May 16, 2019.
- Oliver, Greg (2017). Father Bauer and the Great Experiment: The Genesis of Canadian Olympic Hockey. Toronto, Ontario: ECW Press. ISBN 978-1-77041-249-1.
- McKinley, Michael (2014). It's Our Game: Celebrating 100 Years Of Hockey Canada. Toronto, Ontario: Viking Press. ISBN 978-0-670-06817-3.
- Podnieks, Andrew (1997). Canada's Olympic Hockey Teams: The Complete History, 1920–1998. Toronto: Doubleday Canada. ISBN 0-385-25688-4.
- Wallechinsky, David (2002). The Complete Book of the Winter Olympics (2002 ed.). New York: The Overlook Press. ISBN 1-58567-185-1.
- Meltzer, Bill NHL.com article on 2007 IIHF World Championship gold medal[permanent dead link]. Retrieved 2008-03-25.