|Type||National Science Library|
|Established||1917 as library of the National Research Council of Canada; 1967 as National Science Library|
|Location||1200 Montreal Road, NRC Campus, building M-55|
|Items collected||books, journals, technical reports, databases, in the areas of science, technology, engineering and medicine.|
|Size||50,000 serial titles, 800,000 books, over 2 million technical reports (microfiche).|
|Access and use|
|Website||NRC National Science Library (NRC NSL)|
The National Science Library (NSL), formerly known as the Canada Institute for Scientific and Technical Information or CISTI, began in 1917 as the library of the National Research Council of Canada (NRC). NRC is the Government of Canada's premier research and technology organization (RTO), working with clients and partners to provide innovation support, strategic research, scientific and technical services. The library took on the role of national science library unofficially in 1957 and became the official National Science Library in 1966. 
The National Science Library is located in Ottawa, Ontario, and houses one of the world's most comprehensive collections of publications in science, technology, engineering and medicine. It is part of NRC's Knowledge, Information and Technology Services Branch and provides NRC and Canada's research community with information and information services to accelerate discovery, innovation and commercialization.
The NRC Research Press joined the library in 1992. On September 1, 2010, NRC Research Press became a private company called Canadian Science Publishing and is no longer directly affiliated with CISTI or the NRC.
Shared library services – The NSL works with other Government of Canada science-based departments on a number of collaborative initiatives to realize common goals and improve library and knowledge service delivery. The Library currently provides services to four federal departments/agencies, including licensing and acquisitions, cataloguing, reference, library website and document delivery. It also provides all technical library support services to Health Canada as part of a partnership that began in 2010.
Federal Science Library (FSL) – A partnership of seven Government of Canada science departments/agencies implementing a common platform and processes to deliver information discovery and access services to clients. A three-year FSL implementation project was launched in October 2014, with the NSL serving as the project's technical lead.
Scientific article discovery and digital infrastructure
In December 2013, the NSL implemented a digital repository that holds a number of collections, including the NRC Archives photograph collection of over 12,000 photos dating back to 1916.
In June 2011 the library launched the CISTI Mobile website which provides location and search services to popular mobile devices including Android, Blackberry and iPhone platforms. The mobile website provides federated searching across several science and technology information sources at and beyond the National Science Library. The site was likely the first Canadian federal library mobile website.
In April 2010 the library implemented a federated search system allowing the public to search its local and licensed resources together - including a combined search of NPArC, and the NSL catalogue and the NRC Research Press. NRC researchers are also able to combine searches with these and other publisher sites and databases that the NSL licenses on their behalf.
In June 2009 the library launched the NRC Publications Archive (NPArC), an institutional repository providing a single place to search and discover the scientific publications of the National Research Council. It contains tens of thousands of freely available scientific articles, technical reports, book chapters and other NRC-authored publications.
Research data discovery and stewardship
The National Science Library is a leader and participant in a number of initiatives to support data stewardship and discovery in Canada, including being a founding member of both DataCite and Research Data Canada.
In May 2012, the library launched DataCite Canada, a data registration service that allows Canadian data centres to register research data sets and assign Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs).
From the late 1990s until 2010, the library was one of the largest providers of documents in the areas of science technology and medicine in the world.
In 2009 the library announced that document delivery services would be provided in partnership with Infotrieve.
As of June 2010, access to the National Science Library and Canadian Agriculture Library collections is provided by Infotrieve Canada Inc. (a Copyright Clearance Center Company) on behalf of NRC.
Copyright Clearance Center (CCC) handles all aspects of registration, delivery, billing and customer service for all NRC, Canadian, US and international clients wishing to obtain documents and materials in the NRC National Science Library collection. They are also responsible for onsite access to the library collection at NRC's main library. To order documents, users must have a CCC account.
NRC NSL is a member of
- the Canadian Association of Research Libraries (CARL)
- the Canadian Library Association (CLA)
- International DataCite Federation
- International Council for Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI)
- Research Data Canada
- VanBuskirk, Mary. "History of the NRC Canada Institute for Scientific and Technical Information, 1924 to 2009". ISBN 978-0-662-06836-5. Archived from the original on 29 February 2012.
- "The NRC Research Press is no more? Les Presses du CRTC ne sont plus?". 4 September 2010. Archived from the original on 12 November 2012.
- "Nations agree on governance of global science gateway". 4 July 2008. Archived from the original on 20 July 2011.
- "DataCite: International initiative follows the TIB model making access to research data easier". 8 December 2009. Archived from the original on 5 May 2014. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
- "NRC-CISTI and Infotrieve Collaboration". 14 October 2009. Archived from the original on 29 February 2012.