Main facade of the prison, 1883
Cárcel Modelo, also known as Cárcel Celular, was the main prison for men in Madrid at the turn of the 20th century. Located in the Moncloa-Aravaca district, it was inaugurated in 1884 after seven years of construction and replaced the 18th century Cárcel del Saladero. The name "Modelo" derived from its standing as a model for other Spanish prisons. The prison operated through 1939, when it was shuttered and demolished after being damaged during the Spanish Civil War.
- Cuesta Sánchez, Patricio (1884). La Cárcel de Madrid.
- Armengol y Cornet, Pedro (1876). La Cárcel-Modelo de Madrid y la ciencia penitenciaria, Madrid, Jaime Jepus [sic] Roviralta, p. 5.
- Portela Sandoval, Francisco José (2000). El Cuartel General del Aire, Madrid, Patrocinado por BBVA.
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