Butler, New Jersey
|Borough of Butler|
American Hard Rubber Company
Census Bureau map of Butler, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||March 13, 1901|
|Named for||Richard Butler|
|• Body||Borough Council|
|��• Mayor||Robert W. Alviene (R, term ends December 31, 2022)|
|• Administrator||James Lampmann|
|• Municipal clerk||Mary O'Keefe|
|• Total||2.06 sq mi (5.34 km2)|
|• Land||2.03 sq mi (5.27 km2)|
|• Water||0.03 sq mi (0.07 km2) 1.31%|
|Area rank||410th of 565 in state|
36th of 39 in county
|Elevation||456 ft (139 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Rank||304th of 566 in state|
25th of 39 in county
|• Density||3,703.2/sq mi (1,429.8/km2)|
|• Density rank||170th of 566 in state|
7th of 39 in county
|Time zone||UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))|
|GNIS feature ID||0885175|
Butler is a borough in Morris County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 7,539, reflecting an increase of 119 (+1.6%) from the 7,420 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 28 (+0.4%) from the 7,392 counted in the 1990 Census.
The area now known as Butler was originally called "West Bloomingdale" and was sparsely populated. Water power brought manufacturing entities to the area. In 1857, The Pequannock Valley Paper Company moved from Bergen County and in 1868 the Newbrough Hard Rubber Company built a factory, both based along the Pequannock River. These were two significant economic entities that contributed to the growth of the Borough. In 1871, the New Jersey Midland Railroad extended track through Butler from Paterson, making an important transportation connection for both passengers and freight. The northern terminus for the New York, Susquehanna and Western Railway's passenger service was located at Butler until 1966. The railroad still carries freight through Butler.
The growing community was given the name "Butler" in 1881 after Richard Butler, who had taken ownership of the Hard Rubber Company. A Post Office was established and a larger railroad station was built. This station has been the Borough Museum since 1977. The Hard Rubber Company eventually merged with other businesses and became the American Hard Rubber Company in 1898. A "Soft" Rubber Company built a factory just along Main Street. The borough continued to grow as other factories and supporting businesses were established. The population in 1920 was 2,265 people. By 1950, it was 4,063.
Butler's largest fire began just after midnight, February 26, 1957, when one of the nation's largest rubber reclaiming mills (Pequanoc Rubber Company on Main Street) was destroyed by a blaze estimated to have caused a loss of as much as $3 million at the time. The mill occupied the site on upper Main Street, an irregular shaped complex 600 feet by 300 feet and three to four stories high; it produced over 100 tons of reusable sheet rubber daily from 200 tons of scrap. One Butler Heights resident remembers the fire being so bright she could read a newspaper in her yard at 3 am at a distance of a mile. The glow reportedly was visible for 100 miles, mutual aid response was required by volunteer fire companies from a dozen nearby fire companies.
Numerous organizations exist in town and, along with the neighboring towns of Kinnelon and Bloomingdale, many "Tri-Boro" organizations serve the area, including the local Little League & Volunteer First Aid Squad.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 2.06 square miles (5.34 km2), including 2.03 square miles (5.27 km2) of land and 0.03 square miles (0.07 km2) of water (1.31%).
|Population sources: 1910-1920|
1900-2010 2000 2010
The 2010 United States Census counted 7,539 people, 3,031 households, and 1,976 families in the borough. The population density was 3,703.2 inhabitants per square mile (1,429.8/km2). There were 3,169 housing units at an average density of 1,556.6 per square mile (601.0/km2). The racial makeup was 88.95% (6,706) White, 1.11% (84) Black or African American, 0.16% (12) Native American, 3.02% (228) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 4.95% (373) from other races, and 1.80% (136) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.41% (860) of the population.
Of the 3,031 households, 28.3% had children under the age of 18; 50.8% were married couples living together; 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present and 34.8% were non-families. Of all households, 28.3% were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.06.
20.7% of the population were under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 31.6% from 25 to 44, 28.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.2 years. For every 100 females, the population had 100.7 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 99.6 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $78,614 (with a margin of error of +/- $5,375) and the median family income was $102,435 (+/- $7,072). Males had a median income of $69,407 (+/- $4,399) versus $46,286 (+/- $4,815) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $36,678 (+/- $3,263). About 3.2% of families and 3.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.6% of those under age 18 and 1.3% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 7,420 people, 2,868 households, and 2,024 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,568.9 people per square mile (1,377.3/km2). There were 2,923 housing units at an average density of 1,405.9 per square mile (542.6/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 94.89% White, 0.62% African American, 0.20% Native American, 1.85% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.48% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.11% of the population.
There were 2,868 households, out of which 30.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.8% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.4% were non-families. 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.09.
In the borough the population was spread out, with 21.7% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 33.8% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.7 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $57,455, and the median income for a family was $66,199. Males had a median income of $45,975 versus $35,815 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $27,113. About 2.5% of families and 5.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.2% of those under age 18 and 8.4% of those age 65 or over.
Butler is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government, which is used in 218 municipalities (of the 565) statewide, making it the most common form of government in New Jersey. The governing body is comprised of the Mayor and the Borough Council, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. The Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council is comprised of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. The Borough form of government used by Butler is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.
As of 2020[update], the Mayor of Butler is Republican Robert W. Alviene, whose term of office ends December 31, 2022. Members of the Borough Council are Council President Raymond Verdonik (R, 2020), Alexander Calvi (R, 2022), Robert Fox (R, 2021), Robert H. Meier (R, 2021), Stephen Regis (R, 2022) and Doug Travers (R, 2020).
Federal, state and county representation
For the 116th United States Congress, New Jersey's Eleventh Congressional District is represented by Mikie Sherrill (D, Montclair). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (Paramus, term ends 2025).
For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 26th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Joseph Pennacchio (R, Rockaway Township) and in the General Assembly by BettyLou DeCroce (R, Parsippany-Troy Hills) and Jay Webber (R, Morris Plains).
Morris County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who are elected at-large in partisan elections, to three-year terms on a staggered basis, with either one or three seats up for election each year as part of the November general election. The Freeholder Board sets policies for the operation of six super-departments, more than 30 divisions plus authorities, commissions, boards and study committees. Actual day-to-day operation of departments is supervised by County Administrator, John Bonanni. As of 2020[update], Morris County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Deborah Smith (R, Denville, 2021), Deputy Freeholder Director Stephen H. Shaw (R, Mountain Lakes, 2021), Tayfun Selen (R, Chatham Township, 2020), John Krickus (R, Washington Township, 2021), Douglas Cabana (R, Boonton Township, 2022), Kathryn A. DeFillippo (R, Roxbury, 2022), and Thomas J. Mastrangelo (R, Montville, 2022).
Tayfun Selen was elected by a county Republican convention to the vacant seat of Heather Darling, who was elected Morris County Surrogate in 2019. He will serve the remainder of her term which ends in 2020.
Pursuant to Article VII Section II of the New Jersey State Constitution, each county in New Jersey is required to have three elected administrative officials known as "constitutional officers." These officers are the County Clerk and County Surrogate (both elected for five-year terms of office) and the County Sheriff (elected for a three-year term). As of 2020[update], they are County Clerk Ann F. Grossi (R, Parsippany, 2023), Sheriff James M. Gannon (R, Boonton Township, 2022) and Surrogate Heather Darling (R, Roxbury, 2024).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 4,551 registered voters in Butler, of which 863 (19.0%) were registered as Democrats, 1,458 (32.0%) were registered as Republicans and 2,224 (48.9%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 6 voters registered to other parties.
In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 55.1% of the vote (1,811 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 43.5% (1,430 votes), and other candidates with 1.3% (44 votes), among the 3,302 ballots cast by the borough's 4,774 registered voters (17 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 69.2%. In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 55.1% of the vote (1,968 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 43.7% (1,561 votes) and other candidates with 0.9% (32 votes), among the 3,573 ballots cast by the borough's 4,759 registered voters, for a turnout of 75.1%. In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 57.4% of the vote (1,986 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 41.4% (1,430 votes) and other candidates with 0.5% (26 votes), among the 3,458 ballots cast by the borough's 4,822 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 71.7.
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 68.9% of the vote (1,320 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 29.8% (571 votes), and other candidates with 1.3% (25 votes), among the 1,949 ballots cast by the borough's 4,723 registered voters (33 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 41.3%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 56.9% of the vote (1,286 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 33.4% (755 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 7.0% (159 votes) and other candidates with 1.5% (33 votes), among the 2,260 ballots cast by the borough's 4,615 registered voters, yielding a 49.0% turnout.
The Butler Public Schools serves students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2017–18 school year, the district, comprised of three schools, had an enrollment of 1,211 students and 103.9 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.7:1. Schools in the district (with 2017-18 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Aaron Decker School with 380 students in grades K-4, Richard Butler School with 289 students in grades 5-8 and Butler High School with 499 students in grades 9-12.
St. Anthony of Padua School was a Catholic school operated under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Paterson that was closed in June 2012 in the face of declining enrollment, after having served the community for 130 years.
Since March 2020, the Butler Public Schools have been shut due to the novel Coronavirus, or COVID-19. Students from grades 3-12 will be receiving lessons via Google Classroom, Pearson Education, Khan Academy and other sources. Students without home internet or those in grades Pre-K to 2 will be provided with traditional learning resources.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the borough had a total of 27.84 miles (44.80 km) of roadways, of which 23.29 miles (37.48 km) were maintained by the municipality, 2.40 miles (3.86 km) by Morris County and 2.15 miles (3.46 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
NJ Transit bus service is provided on the 194 route to and from the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan, with seasonal service to Mountain Creek in Vernon Township on the 304 route.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Butler include:
- Kurt Adler (1907–1977), music conductor.
- Frederick Aldrich (1927–1991), marine biologist best known for his research on giant squid.
- Benedict Lust (1872-1945), naturopathy pioneer who founded the Yungborn health resort.
- Harry L. Sears (1920-2002), politician who served for 10 years in the New Jersey Legislature.
- Andrew Turzilli (born 1991), wide receiver who played in the NFL for the Tennessee Titans.
- Gary Wehrkamp (born 1970), musician, songwriter and producer best known a member of the progressive rock band Shadow Gallery.
Points of interest
- Founded in 1996, High Point Brewing Company is a brewer of German-style lagers and wheat beers.
- The Butler Museum is located on Main Street in the former NYS&W railroad station, across from 234 Main Street. The museum houses exhibits that reflects on the town's history.
- Meadtown Shopping Center is a shopping center located between Butler and Kinnelon that includes stores and restaurants and also includes a New York Sports Club, Stop & Shop, and Kinnelon Cinemas. It formerly housed a bowling alley.
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- Butler Public School District 2016 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed July 12, 2017. "The district also engages in several Shared Service agreements with the Bloomingdale school district, beyond the send-receive high school experience, including sharing of school Library oversight, Special Education and sharing the services of the Student Assistance Counselor."
- Lee, Michelle. "Proposal to merge Butler, Bloomingdale school chiefs snagged on state pay-cap", The Record, February 20, 2011. Accessed July 2, 2011. "Lauren Grecco, Bloomingdale school board president, said the trustees came up with the shared superintendent idea last fall with the goals of saving money and better-aligning curriculum. Bloomingdale students attend Butler High School, and the districts share a librarian and a buildings-and-grounds supervisor."
- Staff. "Controversy rises over St. Anthony's closure in Butler", Suburban Trends, June 28, 2012. Accessed July 25, 2013. "With the St. Anthony of Padua Elementary School having reportedly closed its doors forever with the end of this school year, a fight is brewing between the priest who, in light of falling enrollment, made the decision to end the school's 130-year run, and various parents and parishioners who say that he abandoned the school too soon."
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- Staff. "Kurt Adler, 70, Conductor Of 20 Different Operas At Met During 22 Years", The New York Times, September 22, 1977. Accessed July 2, 2011. "Kurt Adler, opera conductor and chorusmaster of the, Metropolitan Opera from 1945 through 1973, died yesterday after a long illness. He was 70 years old and lived in Butler, N.J."
- McLeod, Don. "First sub-Arctic type: Marine lab opens in May", Leader-Post, September 29, 1966. Accessed July 2, 2011. "Dr. Aldrich, 39-year-old native of Butler, N.J., who came to Memorial five years ago from the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia, expects to have a staff of eventually 100, probably 48 of them senior researchers."
- Frederick A. Aldrich, Memorial University of Newfoundland. Accessed July 2, 2011. "Frederick Allen Aldrich, AB, M.Sc., PhD, was born in Butler, New Jersey, on May 1, 1927. Following the award of his doctorate in marine biology and physiology from Rutgers University, he served for seven years as curator of invertebrates at the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia."
- Martin, Douglas. "Harry L. Sears, 82, Politician And Courier for Vesco Cash", The New York Times, May 21, 2002. Accessed July 2, 2011. "Harry Lloyd Sears Jr. was born on Jan. 16, 1920, in Butler, N.J. He graduated from Tusculum College in Greeneville, Tenn., and Rutgers University Law School. He was elected to the General Assembly in 1961 and was re-elected every two years until he ran successfully for the Senate in 1967."
- Duggan, Dan. "Tennessee Titans sign Rutgers receiver Andrew Turzilli as undrafted free agent", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, May 2, 2015. Accessed May 27, 2017. "Turzilli transferred to Rutgers for his final season of eligibility after spending four years at Kansas. The Butler, N.J., native only had 10 catches last season, but he gained 347 yards and scored four touchdowns."
- Gary Wehrkamp, Shadow Gallery, October 10, 2009. Accessed October 20, 2014. "Gary Wehrkamp was born May 11, 1970 in Butler, New Jersey. Gary made his foray into music as a self-taught drummer and vocalist at the age of ten."
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