Bruce Allen Murphy, Ph.D., is a judicial biographer and scholar of American Constitutional law and politics. He is the Fred Morgan Kirby Professor of Civil Rights at Lafayette College in Easton, Pennsylvania, a position he has held since 1998. Prior to that appointment, he was a professor of Political Science and a professor of American History and Politics at Pennsylvania State University. He was also a Fellow of the Institute for the Arts and Humanistic Studies while at Penn State.
Early life and education
Born and raised in Abington, Massachusetts, Murphy is a 1973 summa cum laude graduate of the University of Massachusetts Amherst where he was elected to Phi Beta Kappa. While there, he was a student of Professors Dean Alfange, Jr. and Sheldon Goldman. In 1978, Murphy received his Ph.D. in Government and Foreign Affairs from the University of Virginia where he studied with Professors Henry J. Abraham and Robert J. Harris.
Professor Murphy is the author of four judicial biographies, the co-author of a text book, and the editor of a reader. In addition, he is the author of many book chapters, speeches, and articles in professional journals.
Professor Murphy's first book, The Brandeis/Frankfurter Connection: The Secret Political Activities of Two Supreme Court Justices, published in 1982 by Oxford University Press, was the subject of a front-page story in the Sunday New York Times. The book contained details about the financial relationship between Justice Louis D. Brandeis and then-Harvard law professor Felix Frankfurter. While on the Court, Brandeis provided Frankfurter with funds to promote a variety of political reforms. The book sparked a national debate about the ethics of extrajudicial activities by Supreme Court justices.
In 1988, Professor Murphy's second book, Fortas: The Rise and Ruin of a Supreme Court Justice, followed the life and career of Abe Fortas who resigned from the U.S. Supreme Court after his close political ties to President Lyndon B. Johnson and his financial relationship with Louis Wolfson, a potential litigant before the Court, came to light. Published by William Morrow & Co..
A later biography, Wild Bill: The Legend and Life of William O. Douglas, was published in 2003 by Random House, and examines the life and work of the longest-serving Supreme Court justice in U.S. history. This biography describes, "the genius and warts of William O. Douglas, arguably the greatest influence on American jurisprudence." Although Douglas served as a justice for over thirty-six years, his life was, "largely about political intrigue, because, as Murphy documents, Bill Douglas was, at his core, an ambitious politician. He was constantly running for political office, seeking political appointments and playing politics."
His latest book, Scalia: A Court of One, published by Simon & Schuster in June, 2014, is the story of Antonin Scalia, one of the most polarizing figures ever to serve on the nation's highest court. It provides an analysis of Scalia's role on a Court that has moved to the political right, lost public support, and ignored public criticism. Nonetheless, Scalia's "originalism" theory has become the litmus test of analyzing, if not always deciding, cases. This book argues that Scalia's judicial conservatism was informed as much by his highly traditional Catholicism, mixed with his political partisanship, as by his reading of the Constitution. Murphy analyzes Scalia's role in major court decisions and scrutinizes the ethical controversies that dogged Scalia in his latter years.
In addition to his judicial biographies, Professor Murphy is the co-author (with Larry Berman) of an American Government textbook, Approaching Democracy, with Pearson Education, now in its eighth edition. He is also the editor of a reader, Portraits of American Politics with Houghton Mifflin Company.
Throughout his academic career, Murphy has taught political science, history, and Constitutional law courses including: American Constitutional Law, Liberty in the United States, The First Amendment, Introduction to U.S. Politics, The American Presidency, and seminars on Judicial Biography and Trials of the Century.
Honors and awards
Murphy has received numerous awards for his research and teaching, including inter alia:
- Recipient, Albert Nelson Marquis Lifetime Achievement Award, Marquis Who's Who (2017)
- Recipient, Mary Louise Van Artsdalen Award for Outstanding Scholarly Achievement, Lafayette College (2015)
- Recipient, Marquis Award for Distinguished Teaching, Lafayette College (2011)
- Recipient, Aaron O. Hoff Award for Organization Adviser of the Year (2000)
- Fellow, Institute for the Arts and Humanistic Studies, The Pennsylvania State University (1989)
- Honoree, Named Among “125 Alumni to Watch,” University of Massachusetts at Amherst (1988)
- Recipient, Christian R. and Mary F. Lindback Award for Distinguished Undergraduate Teaching (1987)
- Nominee, Charles A. Dana Award for Pioneering Achievements in Higher Education (1987)
- Recipient, Citation Award, Council for Advancement and Support of Education (1984-1987)
- Finalist, Professor of the Year, Council for Advancement and Support of Education (1984-1987)
- Recipient, Certificate of Merit from the American Bar Association for The Brandeis/Frankfurter Connection(1981).
- Honoree, Alumni Association Faculty Adviser of the Year, College of the Liberal Arts, The Pennsylvania State University (1981)
- Featured Listee, Who’s Who in America (2001-2014, 2016)
- Featured Listee, Who’s Who in the World (2000, 2002-2004, 2008-2014, 2016)
- Featured Listee, Who’s Who in American Law (2015)
- Featured Listee, Who’s Who in the East (2009-2015)
- Featured Listee, Who’s Who in American Education (2005, 2007)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-04-19. Retrieved 2011-07-06.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- Murphy, Bruce Allen, The Brandeis/Frankfurter Connection: The Secret Political Activities of Two Supreme Court Justices, Oxford University Press, 1982
- New York Times, 14 Feb 1982, pg. 1
- Murphy, Bruce Allen, Fortas: The Rise and Ruin of a Supreme Court Justice, William Morrow & Co., 1988
- Murphy, Bruce Allen, Wild Bill: The Legend and Life of William O. Douglas, Random House, 2003
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-09-30. Retrieved 2011-07-06.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)