Brother, Can You Spare a Dime?
"Brother, Can You Spare a Dime?", also sung as "Buddy, Can You Spare a Dime?", is one of the best-known American songs of the Great Depression. Written in 1930 by lyricist E. Y. "Yip" Harburg and composer Jay Gorney, "Brother, Can You Spare a Dime?" was part of the 1932 musical revue Americana; the melody is based on a Russian-Jewish lullaby Gorney's mother had sung to him as a child. It was considered by many Republicans to be anti-capitalist propaganda, and almost dropped from the show; attempts were made to ban it from the radio. The song became best known, however, through recordings by Bing Crosby and Rudy Vallée – both of whom were themselves Republicans – that were released right before Franklin Delano Roosevelt's election to the presidency on November 8. The Brunswick Crosby recording made on October 25 with Lennie Hayton and his Orchestra became the best-selling record of its period, and came to be viewed as an anthem to the shattered dreams of the era.
|"Brother, Can You Spare a Dime?"|
Sheet music cover for Americana
|Song by Jay Gorney and E. Y. "Yip" Harburg|
|Lyricist(s)||E. Y. "Yip" Harburg|
In the song, a beggar talks back to the system that stole his job. Gorney said in an interview in 1974, "I didn't want a song to depress people. I wanted to write a song to make people think. It isn't a hand-me-out song of 'give me a dime, I'm starving, I'm bitter', it wasn't that kind of sentimentality". The song asks why the men who built the nation – built the railroads, built the skyscrapers – who fought in the war (World War I), who tilled the earth, who did what their nation asked of them should, now that the work is done and their labor no longer necessary, find themselves abandoned and in bread lines. Asking for an act of charity, the singer requests a dime (equivalent to $1.5 in 2018).
The song has unusual structure for a Broadway song. Firstly, rather than starting in a major key, as most Broadway songs do, it begins in a minor key, which is darker and more appropriate for the Depression. When discussing the prosperous past and building the railroads, the song jumps an octave and moves briefly into a major key, evoking energy and optimism. It then reverts to the augmented dominant of the minor key in the word "time" in the line "Once I built a railroad, made it run / Made it race against time," marking the end of prosperous times, and changing to a wistful mood. The song then ends, not on a note of resignation, but with anger – repeating the beginning (as is usual for Broadway songs), an octave higher, but with a significant change: the friendly "Brother, can you spare a dime?" is replaced with the more assertive "Buddy, can you spare a dime?"
- The earliest known recording of the song was from 1932, by Charley Patton.
- The Dave Brubeck Quartet released a jazz instrumental arrangement of the piece on their 1955 album Brubeck Time; Brubeck plays main phrase on piano in many styles including rag and baroque.
- The Weavers recorded this piece for their 1963 album The Weavers' Almanac.
- Peter, Paul & Mary recorded a studio version under the title "Buddy, Can You Spare a Dime?" for their 1965 album See What Tomorrow Brings.
- The Youngbloods released a version of the song on their 1967 debut album Jesse Colin Young & The Youngbloods.
- Spanky and Our Gang, on the group's 1967 album of the same name, featuring lead singer Elaine MacFarlane.
- Judy Collins recorded a studio version of this song in her 1975 Judith (album).
- Ronnie Lane recorded a version in 1975, which was released as a single.
- Abbey Lincoln sang this jazz standard on her album You Gotta Pay the Band (1991) accompanied by prestigious jazz musicians as Stan Getz, Hank Jones and Charlie Haden.
- Les Deux Love Orchestra recorded a version in 2009 which appeared on The Huffington Post.
- George Michael recorded a version for his 1999 album Songs from the Last Century and his live album Symphonica.
- A recording by Walker Edmiston is featured during the Great Depression scene of The American Adventure attraction at Epcot within Walt Disney World Resort.
- Information from playbill on musical "Americana", Belknap Playbill and Program Collection
- Forward: review of Yip Harburg: Legendary Lyricist and Human Rights Activist, Harriet Hyman Alonso, Wesleyan University Press, 2012
- American Dreamers: How the Left Changed a Nation, Michael Kazin, pub. Random House, p176. Extracts Archived 2013-10-02 at the Wayback Machine
- Songwriters Hall of Fame: EY Harburg biography
- "A Bing Crosby Discography". BING magazine. International Club Crosby. Retrieved April 23, 2017.
- Giddins, G. (2001). Bing Crosby: A Pocketful of Dreams, The Early Years, 1903 - 1940. Little, Brown, p.305.
- Said by Gorney in a 1974 interview, an excerpt of which was transmitted on BBC2 television programme "The Story of the Jews" part 4 by Simon Schama on 22 September 2013 at 21:00
- Marching on Washington: The Forging of an American Political Tradition, Lucy G. Barber, 2004 p. 104
- The Twentieth Century: A People's History, by Howard Zinn, p. 116
- A Depression-Era Anthem For Our Times National Public Radio's Weekend Edition (November 15, 2008).
- Song by song: the lives and work of 14 great lyric writers, Caryl Brahms, Ned Sherrin, p. 125–126
- Cutting edge, or, "Back in the knife-box, Miss Sharp": Ned Sherrin's anthology of wit, Ned Sherrin, 1984, p. 140 (rope, dime)
- Edwards, Bob (2011). A voice in the box my life in radio. [S.l.]: The University Press of Kentucky. p. 109. ISBN 978-0813140452. Retrieved 2 September 2014.
- "The Weavers' Almanac". AllMusic.
- "See What Tomorrow Brings - Peter, Paul and Mary". AllMusic.
- The Youngbloods, Jesse Colin Young & The Youngbloods Retrieved June 12, 2015
- "Spanky and Our Gang - Spanky & Our Gang". AllMusic.
- "Judith - Judy Collins". AllMusic.
- . Discogs http://www.discogs.com/Ronnie-Lane-Brother-Can-You-Spare-A-Dime/master/553284. Missing or empty
- "You Gotta Pay the Band - Abbey Lincoln, Stan Getz". AllMusic.
- Woods, Bobby (May 25, 2011). "Brother, Can You Spare a Dime?". Huffington Post. Retrieved 2011-11-17.
- "Songs from the Last Century". AllMusic.
- "The American Adventure". WDWMagic.com.
- Songs of the Great Depression – lyrics, prepared by Professor Catherine Lavender for courses in The Department of History, The College of Staten Island of The City University of New York.
- Explanation of lyrics
- There are multiple videos of this song on YouTube. Included at the time of this note are the Bing Crosby & Rudy Vallee recordings and at least one Spanish language version.