|Time of day||Early afternoon, 12–3 Day Third Prahar|
|Arohana||Sa Re Ma Pa Ni Sa|
|Avarohana||S n P M R S|
|Pakad||Ni Sa Re Ma Re Pa Ma Re Ni Sa|
Brindabani Sarang is a Kafi thaat raga. It was created by Swami Haridas. The associated mythology being that he brought Lord Krishna to earth by singing this raga who took the form of an idol which can still be seen in Mathura. One of the famous Ragas for the Sarang raagang, it is a popular raag of this family, together with Shuddha Sarang, and Madhyamad Sarang. The name Brindavani Sarang is a testament to its popularity in the region around Mathura.
The notes Ga and Dha are not used in this raga. A characteristic of all Sarang is the way Rishab (Re) is sung. The Rishabh is not accorded embellishments, so it is sung without any meenḍ of adjacent swaras neither with any andolan. This preeminence of Re makes the swar the vadi of this Raga as also for all other varieties of this family (raagang).
Another dominant phrase is Sa - Ni - Pa, also used in many other ragas, notably the popular Kanhada family. The distinguishing factor being that the Ni in Kanhada's S-N-P takes a kaṇ of the Pa (of uttarang), with a ghaseeṭa effect, whereas the Ni of Sa-Ni-Pa in Sarang is rendered pure.
Brindavani Sarang's classification in thaat Kaafi is peculiar as it uses the shuddha form of "Ni" in its Aaroha, whereas the komala form of "ni" and "ga" is the main characteristic of the Kaafi thaat. So it is possible to make a mistake in identifying its thaat as Khamaj.
Arohana & Avarohana
Arohana: ni Sa Re Ma Pa Ni Sa
Avarohana: Sa ni(komal) Pa Ma Re Sa.
Ni swara is Shuddha in Arohana and Komal in Avarohana.
Vadi & Samavadi
Pakad or Chalan
Ni Sa Re Ma Re Pa Ma Re Ni Sa
Organisation & Relationships
Madhyanah (noon), Afternoon
It is generally sung as a part of Mehfil.
It is generally regarded as a raaga of summer season.
Shringar Rasa: The Rasa of Romance. It creates a romantic and mystic atmosphere.
Madhumad Sarang where shuddha ni is dropped. It is still considered a chanchal raga. Megh malhar has same notes but it is Dhrupad anga raga and is serious in rendering, with a lot of meenḍ. Another distinguishing factor is that while Rishabh is used extensively in Megh Malhar (as also in Sarang), the Rishabh there takes a very strong meenḍ from Madhyam (Me), a salient in the singing of meenḍ-heavy Megh.
Rashid khan - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OmayNk9PYVY
Bhimsen Joshi - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J4owfAMyLDc
Jhuti Muti Mitwa - Lata Mangeshkar - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0_-5oCQHWTc
Hor vi neewaan howay - Kaafi Shah Hussain (Madhoo Lal Hussain) - Magical Siblings - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NWMLcuzVCBk
Soundara raajam aashraye and Rangapura Vihara by Muthuswami Deekshithar
Amburuhânanâ by Kalyani Varadarajan
Thillana in Brindavani Sarang by M. Balamuralikrishna
Ghoomar (Movie: Padmaavat)
- Ramashreya Jha 'Ramrang'. "The Sarang Family". Rajan Parrikar Music Archive. Retrieved 21 September 2019.
- Yagnik, Hasu (2013). Shastriya Raag Darshan. Gurjar Granthratna Karyalay. ISBN 978-81-8480-826-1.
- "Padmaavat Song" Ghoomar: Deepika Padukone, Shahid Kapoor, Ranveer Singh|Shreya Ghoshal,Swaroop Khan, retrieved 2020-01-16
- Bor, Joep (ed). Rao, Suvarnalata; der Meer, Wim van; Harvey, Jane (co-authors) The Raga Guide: A Survey of 74 Hindustani Ragas. Zenith Media, London: 1999.