The Brazilian diaspora refers to the migration of Brazilians to other countries, a mostly recent phenomenon that has been driven mainly by economic problems that afflicted Brazil in the 1980s and 1990s.
There are an estimated 1.5 million Brazilians living abroad, mainly in the U.S. (450,599), Japan (~210,000), Paraguay (201,527), Portugal (~120.000), Spain (~120.000), Germany (~100.000), United Kingdom (100,000) France (80,000), Australia (50,980), Italy (35,000), Switzerland (25,000), Angola (30,000), and another 100,000 are living in other European countries.
There were an estimated 246,000 Brazilian Americans as of 2007. Another source gives an estimate of some 800,000 Brazilians living in the U.S. in 2000, while still another estimates that as of 2008[update] some 1,100,000 Brazilians live in the United States, 300,000 of them in Florida. Major concentrations are in Massachusetts, New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Pennsylvania, Georgia, Florida, Wisconsin, and California.
In Massachusetts, there is a very small but significant concentration of Brazilian immigrants in the town of Framingham, which in recent years has spilt out into the neighbouring towns of Marlborough and Hudson, among others. In the Brazilian community, it is said that Pompano Beach in Florida has the greatest concentration of Brazilians in the USA. The Brazilian communities in these towns are vibrant, having contributed much to the local cuisine and culture, but Brazilian immigrants often feel discriminated against and are often thought to be illegal immigrants by their non-Brazilian neighbours.
There are no precise figures for the number of Brazilians living in the UK. The 1991 Census recorded 9,301 Brazilian-born people in the UK, and the 2001 Census recorded 15,215. In 2004, the Brazilian Consulate in London recorded 13,000 Brazilians who had voluntarily registered themselves with them, but said this was not an accurate figure for the number living in the UK; the Brazilian Embassy estimated that figure to be about 80,000. The Office for National Statistics estimates suggest that there were 56,000 Brazilian-born people resident in the UK in 2008. In 2015, the Brazilian Consulate estimated a total of 120,000 Brazilians resident in the UK. The ONS estimated that in 2018, 87,000 people born in Brazil were living in the UK.
The majority of Brazilians living in Japan are of Japanese descent, and they have been migrating there since 1990 when the Immigration Act was altered to allow children and grandchildren of Japanese nationals, as well as their non-Japanese spouse, to get the work permit easily. Most of them live in industrial areas where there used to be a plenty of job offers at factories, such as Aichi, Shizuoka and Gunma Prefectures, among others. While approximately 300,000 Brazilians lived there at its climax, the economic crisis in 2008 slashed their job and more than a third of them have decided to return to Brazil.
Portugal is another important destination for Brazilians, owing to a common language and given the fact that a significant number of Brazilians already hold Portuguese citizenship (particularly after Portugal modified its nationality law to be able to bestow it upon any grandchild of a verified Portuguese citizen). Cultural similarities are abundant and the Portuguese are fairly acquainted with Brazilian pop culture. Approximately a fourth of all foreigners currently residing in Portugal are Brazilian citizens and their profile ranges from working-class people without higher education to yuppies who decided to leave their home country due to a widespread belief that Brazil had become an unsafe country.
Brazilians and their descendants living in Paraguay are called Brasiguayos. This numerous community of landowners is mainly involved in agriculture.
- Brazilian Immigrant Center Boston
- Brazilian Community in Massachusetts in English
- Brazilian Community in California in English
- Brazilian Community in New Jersey in English and Portuguese
- Brazilian Community in New York in English
- BCA-Brazilian Community Association in British Columbia Vancouver
- Estimates of Brazilians living abroad by region in Portuguese
- "Brazilian ministry of External Relations 2013".
- "NÚMERO E DISTRIBUIÇÃO DE BRASILEIROS NO MUNDO" (PDF). Itamaraty (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2 March 2015.
- "Brasileiros no Mundo - Estimativas" [Brazilians Around The World - Estimations] (PDF) (in Portuguese). Ministry of External Relations. 2015-03-28. Retrieved 2016-03-24.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics. "Estimated resident population, Country of birth - as at 30 June, 1996 to 2019". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 6 July 2020.
- "Canada's 2011 National Household Survey: Data tables". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
- "Qatar´s population by nationality". bq magazine. Archived from the original on 2014-12-21. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
- "Brazilian immigrants in Boston" (PDF). City of Boston. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 October 2010.
- U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder Archived 2020-02-12 at Archive.today
- Sofia Buchuck. "Crossing borders: Latin American exiles in London". untoldLondon. Archived from the original on 2009-04-05. Retrieved 2009-07-01.
- "United States - Selected Population Profile in the United States (Brazilian (360-364))". 2007 American Community Survey. United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-12. Retrieved 2008-12-15.
- "Brazilian Immigrant Women in the Boston area: Negotiation of Gender, Race, Ethnicity, Class and Nation". Archived from the original on 28 January 2010.
- "Imigrante brasileiro espera anistia de sucessor de Bush - 01/11/2008 - UOL Eleição americana 2008". Noticias.uol.com.br. Retrieved 2012-08-13.
- The Massachusetts Legal Services Diversity Coalition (2004). "Brazilian Immigration". Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
- Burton, Guy (July 2004). "It's tough being Brazilian in the UK". Brazzil. Retrieved 5 April 2010.
- "Country-of-birth database". Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Archived from the original on 17 June 2009. Retrieved 5 April 2010.
- "Table 1.3: Estimated population resident in the United Kingdom, by foreign country of birth, 60 most common countries of birth, January 2008 to December 2008". Office for National Statistics. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 5 April 2010. Figure given is central estimate. See the source for 95 per cent confidence intervals.
- "Table 1.3: Overseas-born population in the United Kingdom, excluding some residents in communal establishments, by sex, by country of birth, January 2018 to December 2018". Office for National Statistics. 24 May 2019. Retrieved 15 August 2019. Figure given is the central estimate. See the source for 95% confidence intervals.
- "Estimativas RCN 2015" (PDF).
- Brazilian Times (Brazilian newspaper in the U.S.)
- The Brasilians (Brazilian newspaper in New York)
- "Japan's fear of Brazilians", BBC News
- Brazilians in London, BBC London
- Brazilian Educational and Cultural Centre (BrEACC)