This article is largely based on an article in the out-of-copyright Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, which was produced in 1911. (November 2015)
Bradford Clay in geology, is a thin, rather inconstant bed of clay or marl situated in England at the base of the Forest Marble, the two together constituting the Bradfordian group in the Bathonian series of Jurassic rocks. The term "Bradford Clay" appears to have been first used by J. de. C. Sowerby in 1823 as an alternative for W. Smith's "Clay on Upper Oolite". The clay came into notice late in the 18th century on account of the local abundance of the crinoid Apiocrinus Parkinsoni. It takes its name from Bradford-on-Avon in Wiltshire, whence it is traceable southward to the Dorset coast and northward towards Cirencester.
It may be regarded as a local phase of the basement beds of the Forest Marble, from which it cannot be separated upon either stratigraphical or paleontological grounds. It is seldom more than 10 feet thick, and it contains, as a rule, a few irregular layers of limestone and calcareous sandstone. The lowest layer is often highly fossiliferous; some of the common forms being Arca minuta, Ostrea gregaria, Waldheimia digona, Terebratula coarctata and Cidaris bradfordensis.
- One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bradford Clay". Encyclopædia Britannica. 4 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 372. This cites H. B. Woodward, "Jurassic Rocks of Britain," Mem. Geol. Survey, vol. iv. (1904).
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