|In service||2000 - present|
|Manufacturer||Bombardier Transportation |
|Constructed||1999 - 2017|
|Number built||679 trainsets|
|Formation||3, 4 or 5 cars per trainset|
|Capacity||Varies depending on number of carriages and seating configuration, see individual articles for details|
Great Western Railway
|Car length||Class 357: DMSO: 20.75 m (68 ft 1 in) each, MSO and PTOSL: 20.10 m (65 ft 11 in) each|
Classes 376 and 377 DMSO: 20.4 m (66 ft 11 in) each, MSO and PTOSL: 19.99 m (65 ft 7 in) each
|Width||2.80 m (9 ft 2 in)|
|Height||3.78 m (12 ft 5 in)|
|Maximum speed||75 mph (120 km/h) (376/378)|
100 mph (160 km/h) (357/375/377/379)
110 mph (180 km/h) (387)
|Weight||Class 357 c2c:157.6 t|
Classes 375/3 and 377/3: 133.1 t
Classes 375/6, 375/7, 377/1, 377/2: 173.6 t
|Power output||2x373 = 746 kW kW (377/3 only)|
3x373 = 1,119 kW (others, third rail)
3x560 = 1,680 kW (AC mode)
|Electric system(s)||25 kV AC Overhead lines|
750 V DC third rail
|Safety system(s)||AWS, TPWS|
ETCS (Heathrow Express fleet only)
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
The Bombardier Electrostar (sold as the ADtranz Electrostar until 2001) is a family of electric multiple-unit (EMU) passenger trains manufactured by Bombardier Transportation (formerly ADtranz) at their Derby Litchurch Lane Works in England between 1999 and 2017. Since the privatisation of British Rail, it has become the most common new EMU type in the United Kingdom, where different variants referred to as Class 357, Class 375, Class 376, Class 377, Class 378, Class 379 and Class 387. Electrostars are most common on the high-volume suburban commuter routes in North, South and East London, and mainline services south of London to the Surrey, Sussex, Kent & South Essex coasts and north to Cambridge and Stansted Airport. It shares the same bodyshell and core structure as the Bombardier Turbostar, which is in turn the most common post-privatisation diesel multiple unit (DMU) family, and both evolved from the Class 168 Clubman design by ADtranz.
The Turbostar and Electrostar platforms are a modular design, which share the same basic design, bodyshell and core structure, and are optimised for speedy manufacture and easy maintenance. They consist of a common underframe, which is created by seam-welding a number of aluminium alloy extrusions, upon which bodyside panels are mounted followed by a single piece roof, again made from extruded sections. The car ends (cabs) are made from glass-reinforced plastic and steel, and are huck-bolted onto the main car bodies. Underframe components are collected in ‘rafts’, which are bolted into slots on the underframe extrusion. The mostly aluminium alloy body gives light weight to help acceleration and energy efficiency.
The Electrostar was also selected for use on the Gautrain system in South Africa, a new railway between Johannesburg, Pretoria, and the Johannesburg International Airport. The trains were assembled by UCW Partnership in South Africa from components made in Derby.
Transport for London (TfL) announced in August 2006 that it had ordered 48 three- and four-car Electrostar trains for the new London Overground service. These were categorised by Network Rail as Class 378, and entered service in 2009 to replace the Class 313 and Class 508 on the North London Line and West London Line, and to provide the opening service on the new East London line extension from 2010.
In 2009, as part of the government's wider rolling stock plan, an order was placed for thirty four-car Class 379 Electrostar units intended for use by National Express East Anglia (now operated by Greater Anglia) on the Stansted Express and West Anglia services. The first of the new Class 379 units entered passenger service on Thursday 3 March 2011 running the 20:10 Stansted Express from London Liverpool Street to Stansted Airport and the 21:15 return service.
|Class||Image||Operator(s)||Introduced||Number||Power||Carriages||Door configuration||End gangways||Notes|
|357 Electrostar||c2c||1999||74||AC electric||4||"Plug" style||No|
||Southeastern||1999||112||Dual Voltage/DC electric||3 or 4||"Plug" style||Yes||Class 375 and 377 differ only in their coupler configuration and other minor fittings; all Southern units built as Class 375 have since been converted to Class 377 couplers and re-classed. Minor differences in interior trim remain.|
|376 Electrostar||2004||36||DC electric||5||Sliding pocket||No|
|2002||239||Dual Voltage/DC electric||3, 4 or 5||"Plug" style||Yes||Class 377/6 and Class 377/7s have been built with different exteriors, matching the Class 379s and Class 387s.|
|378 Capitalstar||London Overground||2008||57||Dual Voltage/DC electric||5||Sliding pocket||Emergency only||The Class 378s were constructed in three separate batches - 24 three car units designated as Class 378/0 with dual voltage capability were utilised on the North London Line and West London Line. 20 four car DC-only units designated Class 378/1 were built for the East London Line. 13 four car Class 378/2s were also built, and the Class 378/0s had an extra car added to make them Class 378/2s. All later extended to 5 cars.|
|Gautrain||2010||24||AC electric||4||"Plug" style||No|
|379 Electrostar||Greater Anglia||2010||30||AC electric||4||"Plug" style||Yes||The Class 379s incorporate some technical features of the proposed Aventra Mark II Electrostar. However they are outwardly similar to Class 375 and Class 377.|
Great Western Railway
|2014||107||Dual Voltage||4||"Plug" style||Yes||Class 387s for Thameslink have been ordered to cope with extra service before enough Class 700s are built. These will then transfer to Great Northern. 387/2s will replace Class 442s on Gatwick Express. Great Western Railway units on the Thames Valley services to replace the 165s and 166s.|
Bombardier Electrostar routes
The Class 375 is the backbone of Southeastern's long-distance routes, seeing services on most of its lines originating from its London termini (London Victoria, Charing Cross, Cannon Street and London Bridge) including;
- Chatham Main Line
- Medway Valley Line
- South Eastern Main Line
- North Kent Line
- Mid Kent Line
On the outer suburban portions of these above routes, Class 465/9 Networkers support the Electrostars, but they do not work in multiple together.
The Class 376 operates on the metro routes in suburban London, in conjunction with the Class 465 and Class 466 Networkers, operating over the London portion of the above lines from the London Termini (including Blackfriars) out to Dartford and Sevenoaks);
- North Kent Line (to Dartford)
- Bexleyheath Line (to Dartford)
- Dartford Loop Line (to Dartford)
- Chatham Main Line (to Sevenoaks)
- Maidstone East Line (to Sevenoaks)
- South Eastern Main Line (to Sevenoaks)
- Hayes Line
Southern's Class 377 fleet is found on all parts of the network apart from the non-electrified routes. They also now run frequently in metro routes alongside the Class 455s and used to run alongside the Class 456s until their transfer to South West Trains in 2014.
- Brighton Main Line (Victoria–Gatwick-Brighton)
- East Coastway (Brighton–Eastbourne/Hastings)
- West Coastway (Brighton–Portsmouth/Southampton)
- Arun Valley Line (Victoria–Horsham/Littlehampton/Chichester)
- West London Line (East Croydon–Milton Keynes Central) (Using Class 377/2 or Dual Voltage Class 377/7)
- London Victoria–Horsham via Dorking
- London Victoria–East Grinstead
- London Bridge–Horsham via East Croydon
- London Victoria-Reigate
Often found on
- London Victoria–Dorking via Sutton
- London Victoria–Epsom Downs
- London Bridge-London Victoria via Sydenham
- London Bridge-Caterham
- London Victoria-Caterham
- London Victoria-Epsom
- London Bridge-Tattenham Corner
London Overground operates Class 378s over five lines around London:
- North London Line (Richmond–Stratford)
- West London Line (Clapham Junction-Willesden Junction/Stratford via West Brompton)
- Watford DC Line (Euston–Watford Junction)
- East London Line (Crystal Palace/New Cross/West Croydon–Dalston Junction/Highbury & Islington via Canada Water)
- South London Line (Clapham Junction-Dalston Junction)
The sixth major route it's responsible for is the unelectrified Gospel Oak to Barking Line. For this, London Overground obtained Class 172 Turbostar DMUs and have been replaced by new Class 710 Aventra EMUs.
Gautrain (South Africa)
On 8 June 2010, the route between Sandton and OR Tambo International Airport in South Africa opened in time for the 2010 FIFA World Cup. The rest between Johannesburg Park Station and Rosebank was to be completed in 2011. This section was actually opened 7 June 2012, the delay caused by work to resolve a water-seepage problem in the single-track tunnel section between Rosebank and Park. Although railways in South Africa use the 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) Cape gauge, Gautrain is built to the more expensive standard gauge of 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in). According to the Gautrain planning and implementation study, this is done for several reasons, including that standard gauge is safer and more comfortable to passengers. The rolling stock is also easier, quicker and less expensive to obtain than Cape Gauge rolling stock, and standard gauge is also less expensive to maintain as it is more tolerant of track imperfections than Cape Gauge. Standard gauge allows for travel at Gautrain's required speed of 160 km/h (99 mph).
From March 2011 National Express East Anglia introduced 30 x 4 car Class 379s on Stansted Express and West Anglia Main Line services. These incorporate some features of Bombardier's planned 'Aventra' Mark 2 Electrostars.
All units had entered service by mid-August 2011, two months ahead of schedule. A major timetable update in December 2011 entailed the introduction of 12-car trains on some peak workings to and from Cambridge. These trains are now operated by Greater Anglia as of 5 February 2012.
Great Western Railway
From September 2016 Great Western Railway introduced 45 4 car Class 387/1s on peak services between London Paddington and Hayes & Harlington. They currently replace the Class 165s and the Class 166s on the Thames Valley services and now operate between London Paddington and Reading, Didcot Parkway and Newbury.
From late 2016, 29 of the Class 387/1s operating on Thameslink were displaced by the delivery of Class 700 Desiro City units, and were transferred to Great Northern. They operate mostly on the Kings Cross-Cambridge-King's Lynn route, though they can also been seen on other services. These units were delivered in the livery of Southern, with green doors and Southern upholstery.
- Govia Thameslink Railway
- London Overground
- Greater Anglia
- Bombardier Turbostar
- "Bombardier Selected Preferred Bidder for Rapid Rail System in South Africa". Bombardier. 2 July 2005. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 15 October 2012.
Bombardier Transportation’s facility in Derby, United Kingdom, will be responsible for manufacturing the fleet of Electrostar vehicles, with final assembly performed in South Africa by UCW Partnership, a broad-based empowered subsidiary of Murray & Roberts.
- "TfL awards £223m new trains contract". Transport For London. 31 August 2006. Archived from the original on 11 March 2007. Retrieved 15 October 2012.
Funded by TfL's £10 billion Investment Programme, the new trains will operate on the North London Railway, which TfL will manage from November next year, and the extended East London Line.
- "Express delivery". Railfuture. 4 April 2009. Retrieved 19 July 2010.
- "Last-ever Electrostar finished in Derby as 18 years of production come to an end". 28 November 2017.
The final carriage marks the 2,805th to be constructed at Bombardier’s Derby Litchurch Lane facility, with engineers, company bosses and local MP Margaret Beckett attending a sending-off ceremony to celebrate to the occasion.
- "First new Stansted Express train rolls out". Railway Gazette International. 14 October 2010.
- Smith, David (8 June 2010). "Welcome aboard the Gautrain, Africa's first high-speed urban train". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 June 2010.
- "Gautrain Rapid Rail Link: Park Station Opening". Official Gautrain Website. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
- "Gautrain Rapid Rail Link: Planning and Implementation Study" (PDF). Official Gautrain Website. Retrieved 12 June 2010.
- "National Express launches Class 379s on Stansted Express Service" (PDF). Railway Herald. 21 March 2011. p. 3. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 October 2012. Retrieved 15 October 2012.
- "New timetable for the West Anglia network". National Express East Anglia. Retrieved 11 November 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bombardier Electrostar.|
- Southern Electric Group Historical Features Index
- Bombardier website - the manufacturer of the Electrostars
The Operators of the Electrostars
- c2c website (Class 357)
- Southern website (Class 377)
- Southeastern website (Classes 375/376)
- First Capital Connect website (Class 377)
- Transport for London website for London Overground (Class 378)
- Greater Anglia (Class 379)
- Gautrain website