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Bobruysky Uyezd (Russian: Бобруйский уезд) was one of the counties of Minsk Governorate and the Governorate-General of Minsk of the Russian Empire and then of Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic with its center in Bobruisk from 1793 until its formal abolition in 1924 by Soviet authorities.
At the time of the Russian Empire Census of 1897, Bobruysky Uyezd had a population of 255,935. Of these, 67.4% spoke Belarusian, 19.4% Yiddish, 10.0% Russian, 2.0% Polish, 0.5% Ukrainian, 0.3% German, 0.2% Latvian and 0.1% Tatar as their native language.