Bobota Canal next to the village of Bobota
|Length||31.52 miles (50.73 km)|
|Former names||Kolodvar-Bobota Canal|
|Original owner||Vukovar-Syrmia County, Osijek-Baranja County, Croatian Waters|
|Principal engineer||Friedrich Wilhelm Toussaint|
|Date of act||early XIX century|
|Date of first use||XIX century|
|Start point||Vuka (Vladislavci)|
|End point||Vuka (Vukovar)|
The Bobota Canal (Croatian: Bobotski kanal, Serbian Cyrillic: Боботски к��нал, Hungarian: Bobota-csatorna) is a 50.73 kilometers long canal in Croatia. Its construction started in early XIX century with the aim of prevention of epidemics among people in villages in the swamp and their animals. Works without proper construction permits were initiated by nobleman Ivan Kapistran Adamović. Construction of Bobota Canal was the first major water management project in modern day Croatia in post-Roman Empire period.
The canal is classified as an water management system of paramount importance for irrigation and flood protection for settlements in the surrounding area. It is a channel of the first category in Croatia.
Every year it is enriched with about 1500 kg of high quality fish.
Construction of Bobota Canal started in early XIX century with the aim of prevention of epidemics among people in villages in the swamp and their animals. Up to that point entire region was covered under Palača Swampland. Works without proper construction permits were initiated by nobleman Ivan Kapistran Adamović. Construction of Bobota Canal in Austria-Hungary period was the first major water management project of its kind and sale in modern day Croatia in post-Roman Empire period. At the end, canal constructed in early XIX century was not efficient due to its insufficient width and depth.
First extending and deepening of the canal were completed in 1856 and 1857 which were unsuccessful as they did not result in major improvements. In 1870 region suffered major floods which pushed Ivan Kapistran Adamović to invite French water expert Friedrich Wilhelm Toussaint to inspect the area and propose the necessary hydro-technical measures. During his 3 months long stay Toussaint proposed technical solutions which included acquisition of new 575.5 kilometres (357.6 mi) square of new agricultural lands while complete costs were lower than the damage of the 1870 floods.
Toussaint solution was not implemented at the time, but it served as a basis for all future projects. On 7 September 1876 Association for the Regulation of the Vuka River was established with Roman Catholic bishop Josip Juraj Strossmayer as its first president. This date is today celebrated as the Day of the Croatian Waters. New works on the Bobota Canal lasted between 1895 and 1925.
The canal is 50.73 kilometres (31.52 mi) long from west to east.
Settlements along the canal
- Branko, Nadilo (2012). "Nova akumulacija u slivu rijeke Vuke: Zaštita od poplava i navodnjavanje" (PDF). Građevinar. Croatian Association of Civil Engineers. 10 (64): 833–844. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
- "Archived copy". Retrieved 2011-10-16.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-08-21. Retrieved 2011-10-16.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "PROGRAM UREĐENJA DETALJNE KANALSKE MREŽE U SVRHU NAVODNJAVANJA I ODVODNJE NA PODRUČJU OSJEČKO-BARANJSKE ŽUPANIJE" (PDF). Retrieved 22 January 2019.