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Marquis of Downshire's Memorial, Blessington
|Elevation||223 m (732 ft)|
|Irish Grid Reference|
Blessington, historically known as Ballycomeen (Irish: Baile Coimín, meaning "town of Comyn", from the Irish surname Ó Coimín), is a town on the River Liffey in Wicklow, Ireland, near the border with Kildare. It is around 25 km south-west of Dublin, and is situated on the N81 road, which connects Dublin to Tullow.
Evidence of Bronze Age activity in the area is demonstrated by the spectacular Blessington gold lunula, now in the British Museum. The nearby Rath Turtle Moat was occupied from the 12th century onward by Norse Gaels and Normans.
Medieval period to 1800s
Blessington was previously called Munfine, and in the Medieval period was part of the lordship of Threecastles. In 1667, Michael Boyle (the younger), Archbishop of Dublin and Lord Chancellor of Ireland, bought the lordship of Threecastles, previously the property of the Cheevers for £1,000. Boyle received a Royal Charter to establish the town of Blessington, in the townland of Munfine, as a borough.
Construction of Blessington House was begun in 1673 and afterwards St. Mary’s Church in Blessington, which was completed in 1683. On Boyle's death in 1702 his son Murrough Boyle, 1st Viscount Blesington and Baron Boyle, inherited the Blessington estate. Murrough’s son, Charles, died in 1732 without an heir and the estate was inherited by his sister Anne, then her son William Stewart, 1st Earl of Blessington and Baron Stewart. Stewart died in 1769 without an heir and the estate passed to Charles Dunbar, a great grandson of Murrough Boyle, who also died heirless in 1778, when the estate passed to Wills Hill of Hillsborough, County Down, a great great grandson of Michael Boyle and the first Marquess of Downshire. The Hills held the estate until 1908.
Since 2000, Blessington's population has increased substantially, at 5,010 at the 2011 census CSO, up from 2,509 in 2000. The majority of housing estates were constructed on the western side of the town, off the R410, which is the road to Naas. A new inner bypass has also been opened that alleviates traffic on Main Street to some degree.
Significant infrastructure improvements since 2005 include a playground, fire station, a central retail development, including a Dunnes Stores outlet and a public library (opened in 2006) above it, expansion in size and addition of large car park to a SuperValu supermarket, and addition of an ALDI supermarket.
St Mary's Church
St Mary's Church is situated in Market Square, in the middle of the town. It was built around 1683, having been financed by Archbishop Boyle. While most of the church was rebuilt in the 19th Century, the tower of this old church remains at the west end.
The church is well-known in the bell-ringing community for housing the oldest complete set of bells in Ireland. The six bells date to 1682, and were cast by James Bartlet, who was the master founder of Whitechapel at that time. The money for these was also given by Archbishop Boyle. They are still rung twice a week, for Sunday morning service and on Saturday nights, for ringing practice. 
While it holds the oldest peal of change-ringing bells in Ireland, the oldest bells hung for change-ringing in Ireland are found in St Audoen's Church in Dublin city centre. Three of the bells (the 3, 4, and 5 of the 6 bell-peal) date to 1453, and were cast in York. 
Also known locally as the Blessington Lakes, the reservoir was created when the waterfall at Poulaphouca on the River Liffey (which flows from the Wicklow Mountains to Dublin) was dammed by the ESB for a hydroelectric plant which is still in use today. The valley was flooded and the resulting lakes extend over approximately 5,000 acres (2,023 ha). A small village was submerged by the damming of the waterfall, and the remains of roads can still be seen leading down into the lake.
In addition to electricity, the lakes also provide water for the locality and the Dublin region as well as provide a leisure resource. There is now a lakeside luxury hotel complex in the Blessington area, with its own helipad, and lakeside facilities which has helped to develop tourism in the area. The lake is also extensively used by boatmen and fishermen, and is a training location for the Irish Air Corps HQ divisions from Baldonnel, 15 km north of Blessington, and also Local Civil Defence Water rescue teams.
In 1888, the Dublin and Blessington Steam Tramway service commenced from Terenure to Blessington via Tallaght, linking with the horse trams from the city. This service ended at the end of December 1932 and was replaced with a conventional bus service, the 65, which still acts as the only public transport in the area to the city centre.
Bus Éireann, the national bus company, also provides a minor service, because Blessington is upon the N81. The R410 is another major road that connects Blessington with Naas. The route starts in the south end of the town heading west and proceeds up over the hills of Glending Forest and Eadestown. The road terminates in the Eastside of Naas as the Blessington Road. During the winter months the route is very treacherous during heavy snowfall and is sometimes closed in severe conditions.
- Route 65 Dublin City Centre (Poolbeg Street)-Blessington via Dame Street, George's Street, Camden street, Rathmines Road, Rathmines, Rathgar Road, Rathgar, Terenure, Templeogue Road, Bushy Park, Templeogue, Spawell Hotel, Tallaght Village, Tallaght hospital, The Square Shopping Centre, Old Blessington Road, Blessington Road, Corbally Bridge, Brittas, Blessington Tramway Museum, Hempstown, Junction Kilteel Road and Maxol garage.
- A limited number of daily services on route 65 are also extended further to Ballyknockan and Ballymore Eustace.
- The Ballymore service is via N81, Valleymount Road, Bishops Lane, Tougher Oil, Waterworks Road, Junction Plunkett Road and terminates at Ballymore Eustace Main Street.
- The Ballyknockan service is via N81, Valleymount Road, Pollaphuca (Blessington Lakes), Burgage, Ballyknockan Road, O'Connors Pub and terminates at Lake Drive.
- Route 3/5/132 Dublin-Tullow via Tallaght Hospital, Blessington, Annalecky Cross, Baltinglass and Rathvilly en route to Tullow. One journey is extended daily to Rosslare Europort via Kiltegan, Hacketstown, Tinahely, Shilelagh, Carnew, Bunclody, Enniscorthy, Oylegate And Wexford.
The town and its hinterlands are served by several primary schools:
- St Mary's National Schools, which received a modern building to alleviate overcrowding, and which comprise St Mary's Junior N.S. (to 2nd class) and St Mary's Senior N.S. (3rd to 6th class)
- Number One School (Church of Ireland), in a new building since 2008
- Gaelscoil na Lochanna (School of the Lakes), founded in 2006 to cater for those in Blessington and the surrounding area who wished to educate their children primarily through the Irish language. The school was sited initially on the grounds of the Community Education Centre, with a plan to move to a green field site on the Kilmalum road in 2009
- An Educate Together national school in the town, founded on the site of a long-standing school and benefitting from a large sports field
There is also a Community College on the Naas Road, which currently has an enrolment of over 300 students with growing numbers predicted in the immediate future.
The world-famous ballerina Ninette de Valois (née Edris Stannus) spent her childhood at Baltiboys near Blessington. Lorenzo Moore, a noted Anglican clergyman in New Zealand, was born in Blessington in 1808.
- "Baile Coimín/Blessington". Logainm.ie. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
- "The Blessington lunula". British Museum. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
- "Blundell House Additional Images: Buildings of Ireland: National Inventory of Architectural Heritage". www.buildingsofireland.ie. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
- Administrator, Super. "St Mary Blessington - BellringingIreland.org". www.bellringingireland.org. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
- "Bells at St. Mary's Church of Ireland are the oldest surviving set in the country Pealing the age-old bells of Blessington - Independent.ie". Retrieved 11 January 2018.
- Administrator, Super. "St Audeon Dublin - BellringingIreland.org". www.bellringingireland.org. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
- "Co. Kildare Online Electronic History Journal: BLESSINGTON TRAM - LAST RUN - NEW YEAR'S EVE 1932". www.kildare.ie. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
- "Dublin Bus - Route 65". Retrieved 2016-11-04.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 October 2012. Retrieved 15 February 2013.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "Come Dance With Me – A Memoir 1898-1956". Lilliput Press. 2017. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
- Limbrick, Warren E. "Lorenzo Moore". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
- The Four Stone Tree: a history of Blessington by Vincent Byrne (self-published, 2003)
- The Blessington Estate 1667-1908 by Kathy Trant (Anvil Books, 2004)
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