|Administrative area||Greater London|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Police||City of London|
The name Blackfriars was first used in 1317 (as Black Freres from the French 'frère' meaning 'brother') and derives from the black cappa worn by the Dominican Friars who moved their priory from Holborn to the area between the River Thames and Ludgate Hill in about 1276. Edward I gave permission to rebuild London's city wall, which lay between the river and Ludgate Hill, around their area. The site was used for great occasions of state, including meetings of Parliament and the Privy Council, state visits, such as of Emperor Charles V in 1522, as well as the location for a divorce hearing in 1529 of Catherine of Aragon and Henry VIII. The priory was eventually closed in 1538 during Henry's dissolution of the monasteries. Katherine Parr, Henry VIII's sixth and final wife, was born in the area.
Some of the buildings were subsequently leased to a group of entrepreneurs who created the Blackfriars Theatre on the site, not far from Shakespeare's Globe Theatre which stood almost directly across on the other side of the river. In 1632, the Society of Apothecaries (a livery company), acquired the monastery's guesthouse and established their base there. The building was destroyed in the Great Fire of London but the Society rebuilt and Apothecaries Hall is still to be found in Blackfriars today.
The area is now the location of Blackfriars station and forms the northern bridge-head for both Blackfriars Bridge and Blackfriars Railway Bridge. Opposite Blackfriars station the former Spicers Brothers paper company office was restored as Crowne Plaza London - The City hotel in 1916. Alongside the road bridge is Blackfriars Millennium Pier, a stop for river bus services on London River Services.
The Victoria Embankment stretches along the north bank of the river west from Blackfriars to Westminster Bridge. Notable buildings in the area include the large Art Deco Unilever House, and the Art Nouveau Black Friar pub.
The area was once served by a station south of the river Blackfriars Bridge railway station, taking its name from Blackfriars Bridge. It was closed to passengers in 1885 when the current Blackfriars station was opened.
The older parts of Blackfriars have regularly been used as a filming location in film and television, particularly for modern films and serials set in Victorian times, notably Sherlock Holmes and David Copperfield.
Burials at Blackfriars, London
- Elizabeth de Badlesmere, Countess of Northampton
- Edward Hastings, 2nd Baron Hastings
- Robert St. Lawrence 3rd Baron Howth
- Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent
- Holder, Nick (2017). The Friaries of Medieval London: From Foundation to Dissolution. Woodbridge: Boydell. pp. 27–56. ISBN 9781783272242.
- Francis Erlington Ball 'History of Dublin'
- Walter Gumbley, G., On the name Blackfriars, Spirituality Today, (1986)
- Nick Holder, The Friaries of Medieval London: From Foundation to Dissolution (2017); chapter 2, pages 27–56