|Directed by||Frank Lloyd|
|Produced by||Frank Lloyd|
|Written by||Frank Lloyd|
|Based on||Black Oxen|
by Gertrude Atherton
|Edited by||Edward M. Roskam|
|Distributed by||Associated First National Pictures|
Black Oxen is a 1923 American fantasy/romantic drama silent film starring Corinne Griffith, Conway Tearle and Clara Bow. Directed by Frank Lloyd, the film is based on the controversial and best-selling 1923 novel of the same name by Gertrude Atherton.
Described as "subtle science fiction", the film takes its title from William Butler Yeats: "The years like great Black Oxen tread the world." It was produced by Frank Lloyd Productions and distributed by First National Pictures. A special edition of Atherton's novel was released featuring stills from the film.
Lee Clavering (Tearle), a playwright in New York, falls in love with an Austrian countess, Madame Zatianny (Griffith). Janet Oglethorpe (Bow), an animated and precocious flapper, is also in love with Lee but he hasn't noticed yet. Unbeknownst to Lee, Madame Zatianny is actually 58 years old, and has retained her youth through a rejuvenating glandular treatment and X-ray surgery. Lee's plans to marry Madame Zatianny are thwarted when one of her former admirers reveals her embarrassing secret and, in the end, Lee discovers happiness with Janet.
- Corinne Griffith as Madame Zatianny/Mary Ogden
- Conway Tearle as Lee Clavering
- Clara Bow as Janet Ogelthorpe
- Tom Ricketts as Charles Dinwiddie
- Carmelita Geraghty as Anna Goodrich
- Tom Guise as Judge Gavin Trent
- Alan Hale as Prince Rohenhauer
- Kate Lester as Jane Ogelthorpe
- Harry Mestayer as James Ogelthorpe
- Claire McDowell as Agnes Trevor
- Lincoln Stedman as Donnie Ferris
- Ione Atkinson as Flapper
- Mila Constantin as Flapper
- Fred Gamble as Oglethorpe Butler
- Otto Lederer as Austrian Advisor
- Clarissa Selwynne as Gora Dwight
- Eric Mayne as Chancellor
- Otto Nelson as Dr. Steinach
- Hortense O'Brien as Flapper
- Wilhelm von Brincken as Aide to Prince Rohenhauer (uncredited)
- Percy Williams as Ogden Butler
Advertisement of the film
In many advertisements and publications about the film in 1923, Corinne Griffith was used to advertise the movie because she was a known star, and she was known to be one of the most beautiful actresses in cinema. Additionally, publications used the quote "The years like great black oxen tread the world and God the Herdsman goads them on behind." by W.B. Yeats that is in Atherton's novel and the opening of the film.
The George Eastman House retains a print of the film which is incomplete, comprising the first seven reels, but not the eighth. In 2010, it undertook restoration of the 35mm print, funded by The National Film Preservation Fund. The Gosfilmofond Russian State Archive also holds an incomplete copy, consisting of all reels with the exception of Reel 2. A DVD The New York Public Library has a 16mm print available in three film reels. A 60-minute version mastered by eBay retailer Buyers’ Gallery Video is available on DVD. No complete version of the film is currently commercially available 
- Woodward, Kathleen (1999). Figuring Age: Women, Bodies, Generations. Indiana University Press. p. 96. ISBN 0-253-11384-9.
- Screenland, inc. “Screenland.” Screenland, Oct. 1923.
- Brewster Publications, inc. “Motion Picture Magazine.” Motion Picture Magazine, Aug. 1923, pp. 76–76.
- Atherton, Gertrude Franklin Horn, 1857-1948. Black Oxen. New York: Boni and Liveright, 1923.
- Atherton, Gertrude Franklin Horn; Dawson, Melanie (1 January 2012). "Black oxen". Broadview Press – via catalog.nypl.org Library Catalog.
- "Silent Era : Home Video Reviews".
- Tim, Lussier (2004). "Corrine Griffin: The Divine Lady". silentsaregolden.com. Archived from the original on 27 March 2012. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
- "Alpha Video - Clara Bow Double Feature: My Lady of Whims (1925) (Silent) / Black Oxen (1923) (Silent)". Retrieved 24 August 2015.
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