Black Diamond, Washington
Location of Black Diamond, Washington
|• Total||7.19 sq mi (18.63 km2)|
|• Land||6.55 sq mi (16.96 km2)|
|• Water||0.64 sq mi (1.67 km2)|
|Elevation||653 ft (199 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||683.51/sq mi (263.91/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-8 (Pacific (PST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-7 (PDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1516603|
Beginning in the 1880s Black Diamond was a rural coal mining area, developed by the Black Diamond Coal Mining Company of California, which owned and operated the mine. The original residents were largely composed of former workers, from the company's previous coal mining operation in Nortonville, California, which primarily sold coal to the thriving new metropolis of San Francisco. A combination of low quality coal from the Nortonville mines, water intrusion into the workings there, and the discovery and economical transport of higher-quality Washington coal to San Francisco spelled the demise of Nortonville in the early 1880s. The town was home to around 3,500 people by the early 1900s, many of them European immigrants; most of the working men were involved in producing coal. This coal was transported to Seattle via the Pacific Coast Coal train. Before 1911, the miners were affiliated with the United Mine Workers of America (UMWA), but by March 1911 had left en masse to join the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW).
After World War I, the town shut down the mine as it was no longer viable. However a second mining boom spurred growth in the town in the early 1930s on the strength of multiple mining operations promoted by the Morris brothers through the Palmer Coking Coal Company. Mining has continued until recently through the Pacific Coast Coal Company, formerly of San Francisco. The prospect of future mining operations remains strong.
The main building of the Black Diamond Historical Museum is the former train station, which served the Columbia & Puget Sound Railway 1884–1916 and the Pacific Coast Railway 1916–1951. Regular passenger service ended in 1925, but a train still brought men to the mine until 1931, and trains continued to haul coal and freight into the 1940s.
Black Diamond was officially incorporated on February 19, 1959. The town's late 20th century population growth has been mostly as a commuter community for people with jobs in Seattle, Bellevue, and suburban centers within the Seattle Metropolitan Area.
Black Diamond is located at (47.317802, -122.014793).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.66 square miles (17.25 km2), of which, 6.02 square miles (15.59 km2) is land and 0.64 square miles (1.66 km2) is water.
Based on per capita income, one of the more reliable measures of affluence, Black Diamond ranks 64th of 522 areas in the state of Washington to be ranked.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 4,151 people, 1,546 households, and 1,157 families living in the city. The population density was 689.5 inhabitants per square mile (266.2/km2). There were 1,685 housing units at an average density of 279.9 per square mile (108.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.0% White, 1.2% African American, 0.7% Native American, 1.2% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 1.3% from other races, and 3.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.6% of the population.
There were 1,546 households, of which 37.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.0% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 25.2% were non-families. 17.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.05.
The median age in the city was 40.4 years. 25.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.7% were from 25 to 44; 32.1% were from 45 to 64; and 10% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.8% male and 50.2% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,970 people, 1,456 households, and 1,131 families living in the city. The population density was 739.5 people per square mile (285.4/km2). There were 1,538 housing units at an average density of 286.5 per square mile (110.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.43% White, 0.08% African American, 1.56% Native American, 1.01% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.88% from other races, and 3.00% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.70% of the population. 16.8% were of German, 13.2% Irish, 8.5% English and 7.4% Norwegian ancestry.
There were 1,456 households, out of which 41.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.2% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.3% were non-families. 17.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.08.
In the city the population was spread out, with 28.5% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 34.1% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 8.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $67,092, and the median income for a family was $72,981. Males had a median income of $51,792 versus $31,932 for females. The per capita income for the city was $26,936. About 0.8% of families and 0.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.9% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.
The City of Black Diamond has designated the following landmarks:
|Black Diamond Cemetery||c. 1880||2000||Cemetery Hill Road|
|Black Diamond Miners' Cabin||c. 1882||1995||24311 Morgan Street|
|Luigi & Aurora Pagani House||c.1896||2001||32901 Merino Street|
The town has been home to some famous residents, including folk musician Brandi Carlile (who grew up a few miles east in Ravensdale). The minor-league baseball star Edo Vanni was born at Black Diamond in 1918.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Black Diamond, Washington.|
- "2018 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 16, 2020.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 19, 2012.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. June 27, 2019. Retrieved February 16, 2020.
- "Black Diamond". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
- "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 17, 2012.[dead link]
- The move of coal miners from Nortonville, California to Black Diamond, Washington Territory, 1885 by Jacqueline Byer Dial, 1980.
- Black Diamond: Mining the Memories, edited by Diane and Cory Olson, 1988.
- The History of Nortonville, by Robert Kishaba, 1961.
- Bragg, Nick. "IWW Yearbook 1911". IWW History Project. University of Washington. Archived from the original on 2016-06-02. Retrieved 20 April 2016.
- "A New Local". Industrial Worker. 2 (51). 9 Mar 1911. p. 3.
- McNichols, Joshua (November 9, 2019). "A Smart Home Neighborhood: Residents Find It Enjoyably Convenient Or A Bit Creepy". NPR News. Retrieved 2019-11-11.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-12-19.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 5, 2019.
- King County and Local Landmarks List[dead link], King County (undated, last modified 2003-02-26). Accessed online 2009-05-08.