|Dates of operation||1899–2012|
|Successor||Birmingham Terminal Railway|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)|
The Birmingham Southern Railroad (reporting mark BS) was a short-line railroad in the Birmingham, Alabama area. It ceased operating in 2012 when its assets were acquired by Watco Companies' Birmingham Terminal Railway.
The Birmingham Southern Railroad Company was organized on March 3, 1899. The line was originally built between 1878 from Birmingham to Pratt City, AL to haul coal to the steel mills in Birmingham. The line was extended to Ensley in 1887.
The Louisville and Nashville Railroad and the Southern Railway jointly purchased and operated the Birmingham Southern shortly after the Birmingham Southern's organization. The Birmingham Southern was later sold to the Tennessee Coal, Iron and Railroad Company, which in 1906 became a part of the United States Steel Corporation and remained a U.S.S. Corp. subsidiary until 1988. The railroad expanded its lines in the western industrial section of Jefferson County by 1910. In 1966, the Birmingham Southern acquired the 18-mile Federal Barge Lines (also known as the Barge Line Railroad) that ran from Ensley to Port Birmingham, giving the Birmingham Southern access to Mobile, AL via the barge lines of the Warrior River. The Barge Line Railroad track was formerly owned by the Southern Railway.
In 1988 the Birmingham Southern was sold to Transtar, Inc., the transportation subsidiary of United States Steel. In 1989, United States Steel sold Transtar and Transtar became a privately held company specializing in the operation of short line railroads and barge lines that primarily serve United States Steel and its predecessors.
On December 2, 2011, Watco Companies announced plans to purchase the Birmingham Southern. The railroad was subsequently renamed Birmingham Terminal Railway; operations under the new name began on 1 February 2012.
- Birmingham Southern #82, an ALCO HH900, is on static display at the Heart of Dixie Railroad Museum in Calera, Alabama.
- Edward A. Lewis, American Shortline Railway Guide 5th ed. (Kalmbach Books, 1996)
- Mike Walker, SPV's Comprehensive Railroad Atlas of North America – Southern States (Steam Powered Publishing & SPV, 2001)
- Birmingham Southern Railroad
- "Railroad Employees Post Safest Year Ever in 2006" (Press release). Association of American Railroads. 2007-05-17. Archived from the original on 2007-06-29. Retrieved 2007-05-18.
- "Watco adds third railroad in a week". Trains Magazine. 2 December 2011. Retrieved 23 December 2011.
- "Watco launches 26th short line". Progressive Railroading. 2 February 2012. Archived from the original on 21 February 2012. Retrieved 21 February 2012.