|United States Senator|
January 1, 1971 – January 3, 2001
|Preceded by||John J. Williams|
|Succeeded by||Tom Carper|
|Chair of the Senate Committee on Finance|
October 1, 1995 – January 3, 2001
|Preceded by||Bob Packwood|
|Succeeded by||Max Baucus|
|Chair of the Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs|
January 3, 1995 – October 1, 1995
|Preceded by||John Glenn|
|Succeeded by||Ted Stevens|
January 3, 1981 – January 3, 1987
|Preceded by||Abraham Ribicoff|
|Succeeded by||John Glenn|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Delaware's at-large district
January 3, 1967 – December 31, 1970
|Preceded by||Harris McDowell|
|Succeeded by||Pete du Pont|
William Victor Roth Jr.
July 22, 1921
Great Falls, Montana, U.S.
|Died||December 13, 2003 (aged 82)|
Washington, D.C., U.S.
|Alma mater||University of Oregon|
Harvard Business School
Harvard Law School
|Branch/service||United States Army|
|Years of service||1943–1946|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
William Victor Roth Jr. (July 22, 1921 – December 13, 2003) was an American lawyer and politician from Wilmington, Delaware. He was a veteran of World War II and a member of the Republican Party. He served from 1967 to 1970 as the lone U.S. Representative from Delaware and from 1971 to 2001 as a U.S. Senator from Delaware. As of 2019[update], he was the last Republican to have served as a U.S. Senator from Delaware.
Roth was a sponsor of legislation creating the Roth IRA, an individual retirement plan that can be set up with a broker.
Early life and family
Roth was born in Great Falls, Montana, the son of Clara (née Nelson) and William Victor Roth, Sr., who ran a brewery. His paternal grandparents were German and his maternal grandparents were Swedish. He attended public schools in Helena, Montana, graduating from Helena High School, which is also the alma mater of Senator Max Baucus, who succeeded Roth as Finance Committee chairman in 2001. Roth started college at Montana State University before moving on to graduate from the University of Oregon in 1943, Harvard Business School in 1947, and Harvard Law School in 1949. During World War II he served in a United States Army intelligence unit from 1943 until 1946.
Professional and political career
After being admitted to the California Bar in 1950, he moved permanently to Delaware in 1954, and began his work as an attorney for the Hercules Corporation. He married Jane Richards in 1965 and they had two children, William III and Katharine. Jane Richards Roth is also a lawyer. She was U.S. District Court Judge, for the District of Delaware from 1985 until 1991 and since was a Judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. They were members of the Episcopal Church.
After losing the election for Lieutenant Governor of Delaware in 1960, Roth was chair of the Delaware Republican Party until 1964. In 1966, he defeated incumbent U.S. Representative Harris McDowell, and went on to serve two terms in the United State House of Representatives from January 3, 1967, until December 31, 1970.
He then began his five terms in the United States Senate, succeeding the retiring incumbent U.S. Senator John J. Williams. He served in the U.S. Senate from January 1, 1971, having been appointed when Williams left office 3 days early, until January 3, 2001, having been defeated in the 2000 election by the Democratic candidate, Governor Tom Carper. Many consider Roth's defeat due to his age and health, as he collapsed twice during the campaign, once in the middle of a television interview and once during a campaign event.
Roth was known as a fiscal conservative. Critics blamed him for national deficits under Reagan. He was a longtime member of the Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs and the Senate Committee on Finance, serving as Chairman from September 12, 1995 through January 3, 2001. He was best remembered as a strong advocate of tax cuts, and he co-authored the Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981, also known as the Kemp-Roth Tax Cut with Jack Kemp. Roth was also the legislative sponsor of the individual retirement account plan that bears his name, the Roth IRA. It is a popular individual retirement account that has existed since 1998. The Roth 401(k), which did not become available until 2006, is also named after Roth. He was also one of the few Republicans to vote for the Brady Bill and the ban on semi-automatic weapons. Roth strongly supported environmental protections. Roth was also very engaged in international affairs and policy. He served as the President of NATO's parliament, the North Atlantic Assembly, from 1996 to 1998.
In 1977, Roth was one of nine Senators to vote against the Senate adopting a stringent code of ethics intended to assist with the restoration of public confidence in Congress.
On December 2, 1981, Roth was one of four senators to vote against an amendment to President Reagan's MX missiles proposal that would divert the silo system by $334 million as well as earmark further research for other methods that would allow giant missiles to be based. The vote was seen as a rebuff of the Reagan administration.
Roth was a witty man but unnatural campaigner. To help himself, he would ease himself into public appearances by bringing along a Saint Bernard dog. His succession of St. Bernards through his 34-year political career became a trademark of sorts.
Roth died in Washington, D.C. of heart failure on December 13, 2003 at the age of 82. The Chesapeake & Delaware Canal Bridge carrying Delaware Route 1 was dedicated as the Senator William V. Roth Jr. Bridge, and a celebration was held on July 9, 2007. The bridge is a cable-stayed bridge and notable landmark in northern Delaware. Roth helped secure its funding.
Elections are held on the Tuesday immediately following the first Monday in November. U.S. Representatives take office January 3 and have a two-year term. U.S. Senators are popularly elected and also take office January 3, but have a six-year term.
|Office||Type||Location||Began office||Ended office||notes|
|U.S. Representative||Legislature||Washington||January 3, 1967||January 3, 1969|
|U.S. Representative||Legislature||Washington||January 3, 1969||December 31, 1970|
|U.S. Senator||Legislature||Washington||January 1, 1971||January 3, 1977|
|U.S. Senator||Legislature||Washington||January 3, 1977||January 3, 1983|
|U.S. Senator||Legislature||Washington||January 3, 1983||January 3, 1989|
|U.S. Senator||Legislature||Washington||January 3, 1989||January 3, 1995|
|U.S. Senator||Legislature||Washington||January 3, 1995||January 3, 2001|
|1960||Lt. Governor||General||William V. Roth Jr.||Republican||96,671||50%||Eugene Lammot||Democratic||97,826||50%|
|1966||U.S. Representative||General||William V. Roth Jr.||Republican||90,961||56%||Harris B. McDowell Jr.||Democratic||72,142||44%|
|1968||U.S. Representative||General||William V. Roth Jr.||Republican||117,827||59%||Harris B. McDowell Jr.||Democratic||82,993||41%|
|1970||U.S. Senator||General||William V. Roth Jr.||Republican||94,979||59%||Jacob W. Zimmerman||Democratic||64,740||40%|
|1976||U.S. Senator||General||William V. Roth Jr.||Republican||125,454||56%||Thomas C. Maloney||Democratic||98,042||44%|
|1982||U.S. Senator||General||William V. Roth Jr.||Republican||105,357||55%||David N. Levinson||Democratic||84,413||44%|
|1988||U.S. Senator||General||William V. Roth Jr.||Republican||151,115||62%||Shien Biau Woo||Democratic||92,378||38%|
|1994||U.S. Senator||General||William V. Roth Jr.||Republican||111,074||56%||Charles M. Oberly III||Democratic||84,540||42%|
|2000||U.S. Senator||General||William V. Roth Jr.||Republican||142,891||44%||Thomas R. Carper||Democratic||181,566||56%|
- Roth, William V. Jr.; Nixon, William H. (1999). The Power to Destroy: How the IRS Became America. Atlantic Monthly Press. ISBN 0-87113-748-8.
- "Roth, William Victor Jr. (1921 - 2003)". United States Congress. Retrieved July 23, 2011.
- "Roth Biography". dehistory.org. Delaware Historical Society. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- "United States Census, 1930", FamilySearch, retrieved April 26, 2018
- Miller, Beth (December 15, 2003). "Roth remembered for 'pure heart'". The News Journal. Archived from the original on December 17, 2003. Retrieved July 29, 2017.
- Gorenstein, Nathan. "In Delaware, Gov. Carper ousts 5-term Sen. Roth". Philadelphia Inquirer. Archived from the original on July 12, 2001. Retrieved July 29, 2017.
- "Delaware U.S. Race, 2000 -- Sussex County Online, Delaware". sussexcountyonline.com. Retrieved 6 December 2016.
- Wilkie, Curtis (October 26, 2000). "In tight race, health issues dog Delaware's Roth". Boston Globe. Archived from the original on February 12, 2001.
- "Sen. William Roth, 82; Created Popular Retirement Account". LA Times. 15 December 2003. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
- Dustin, Woodard. "About: Mutual Funds: The Roth 401k".
- firstname.lastname@example.org. "NATO PA - PRESIDENTS FROM 1955 TO 2014". Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- "SENATE, 86‐9, ADOPTS A STRICT ETHICS CODE TO BUILD CONFIDENCE". New York Times. April 2, 1977.
- "The 90-4 vote by which the Senate approved the..." UPI. December 3, 1981.
- Roberts, Steven V. (December 3, 1981). "SENATORS REJECT PLAN FOR PLACING MX MISSILE IN SILOS". New York Times.
- Webbe, Stephen (December 4, 1981). "Reagan scorns Senate rejection of silo-based MX missile plan". The Christian Science Monitor.
- "ONLY IN DELAWARE: WILLIAM V. ROTH JR".
- Barone, Michael & Richard E. Cohen (2005). Almanac of American Politics. Washington: National Journal Group. ISBN 0-89234-112-2.
- William W. Boyer (2000). Governing Delaware. Newark: University of Delaware Press. ISBN 0-87413-721-7.
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- U.S. Senator William V. Roth, Jr. home page (archived from December 2000)
- Appearances on C-SPAN
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Delaware's at-large congressional district
Pierre S. du Pont IV
|Party political offices|
John J. Williams
| Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Delaware
1970, 1976, 1982, 1988, 1994, 2000
John J. Williams
| U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Delaware
Served alongside: J. Caleb Boggs, Joe Biden
| Chair of the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee
| Chair of the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee
| Chair of the Senate Finance Committee