|12th Governor of Madhya Pradesh|
22 April 1998 – 7 May 2003
|Chief Minister||Digvijaya Singh|
|Preceded by||Mohammad Shafi Qureshi|
|Succeeded by||Ram Prakash Gupta|
|Born||30 October 1921|
Jhansi, United Provinces, British India
|Died||3 December 2016 (aged 95)|
New Delhi, India
|Political party||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Alma mater||University of Delhi|
Bhai Mahavir (30 October 1921 - 3 December 2016) was an Indian politician who was governor of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh between April 1998 and March 2003. He was a pracharak of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) and served as a leader of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh and Bharatiya Janata Party. He has authored many books and, prior to his governorship, had served two terms as a member of the Rajya Sabha. He had an M.A. and PhD in Economics and studied Law (LLB) from the University of Delhi.
Life and career
Bhai Mahavir was the son of Bhai Parmanand, a member of Arya Samaj and a leader of the Hindu Mahasabha. He grew up with an Arya Samaj background and went to study at the Dayanand Anglo-Vedic College in Lahore.
Mahavir joined the RSS in 1938, in a shakha established by Raja Bhau Paturkar in Lahore. He became a pracharak in 1942, and worked in that capacity in Jalandhar for 2 years. Between 1944 and 1947 he was the Secretary of RSS in Lahore. After the partition, he settled down in Jalandhar and worked as a lecturer. He moved to Delhi in 1956, working as a lecturer in the Panjab University College established for the Panjabi refugees.
Towards the end of 1950, Shyama Prasad Mookerjee gathered in Delhi a core group of activists to form a new political party, the future Bharatiya Jana Sangh. Bhai Mahavir was among this group, along with Vasantrao Oak and Balraj Madhok, all RSS pracharaks. The three of them founded the Panjab-Delhi branch of the Jana Sangh in Jalandhar on 27 May 1951, which later became part of the nationwide `Bharatiya' Jana Sangh established on 21 October. Mahavir was named a General Secretary of the nationwide party. He served in that capacity for one year, succeeded by Deendayal Upadhyaya in 1952. He continued on the Working Committee of the Jana Sangh, along with several other RSS leaders who controlled the policy line of Jana Sangh. After the death of Mookerjee in 1953, the RSS members of the Working Committee forced out the next elected President Mauli Chandra Sharma, in effect taking full control of the Jana Sangh.
Mahavir continued in senior positions in the Jana Sangh and later in Bharatiya Janata Party. He was elected to the Rajya Sabha during 1968-74 and 1978–84. In 1998, he was appointed as the Governor of Madhya Pradesh and served a full term till 2003.
Bhai Mahavir had two daughters and three grandchildren. He was married to Krishna Kumari who died in New Delhi on 14 December 2011. Bhai Mahavir passed away at his home in Delhi on 3 December 2016.
- "Former Governors of Madhya Pradesh". Raj Bhavan, Bhopal. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011.
- Bapu 2013.
- Jaffrelot 2011, p. 288.
- Jaffrelot 1996, pp. 117-119.
- Jaffrelot 2011, p. 289.
- Jaffrelot 1996, p. 122.
- "मप्र के पूर्व राज्यपाल भाई महावीर का निधन, शिवराज ने शोक जताया". India.com. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
- Bapu, Prabhu (2013). Hindu Mahasabha in Colonial North India, 1915-1930: Constructing Nation and History. Routledge. ISBN 0415671655.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Jaffrelot, Christophe (1996). The Hindu Nationalist Movement and Indian Politics. C. Hurst & Co. Publishers. ISBN 978-1850653011.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Jaffrelot, Christophe (2011). Religion, Caste, and Politics in India. C Hurst & Co. ISBN 978-1849041386.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
|This article about a Bharatiya Janata Party politician from Delhi is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|