Betty Bone Schiess (April 2, 1923 – October 20, 2017) was an American Episcopal priest. She was one of the first female Episcopal priests in the United States, and a member of the Philadelphia Eleven: leaders of the movement to allow the ordination of women in the American Episcopal Church.
Early life and education
Betty Bone was born on April 2, 1923 in Cincinnati, Ohio to Leah and Evan Bone. She attended Hillsdale College Preparatory School where she was president of the student body in her senior year.p. 7 She then attended the University of Cincinnati and was the chaplain for Tri Delta.p. 8 Bone earned her BA in 1945. After graduating, she worked in the personnel department at Wright-Patterson Field.pp. 8–9
Bone earned her master's degree in 1947 from Syracuse University. She married William A. Schiess the same year and lived with him in Algiers for several weeks. She later wrote that they returned from their travels determined to "do something about the plight of the Negro." They took part in demonstrations and marches in the Southern United States.pp. 158–159
During the late 1960s, Schiess worked with the Syracuse National Organization for Women chapter to reform the Episcopal church. She earned her Master of Divinity degree in 1972 from the Rochester Center for Theological Studies, but was denied ordination due to her sex. In 1974 the Episcopal Church did not allow women to be ordained: efforts at two general conventions of bishops had failed. Schiess credited Betty Friedan's 1965 book The Feminine Mystique and the foundation of a chapter of the National Organization for Women in Syracuse with inspiring her to pursue priesthood and change in the Episcopal Church.
Schiess and 10 other women, later known as the Philadelphia Eleven, were ordained in Pennsylvania by a group of retired bishops on July 29, 1974. Emily Hewitt, a friend of Schiess's from the Episcopal Peace Fellowship had asked her to join the group.p. 145 The ordainments were "irregular", meaning that they would need to be approved. They were later charged in ecclesiastical court.
The Episcopal Diocese of Central New York refused to grant Schiess a license to perform priestly duties. In 1976, lawyer and New York State Assembly member Constance Cook acted as Schiess's advocate in filing a suit with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC/EEO), who issued a decision favoring Schiess. The General Convention of the Episcopal Church in the United States of America passed a resolution in July 1976 that "no one shall be denied access" to ordination in the church based on gender.
In November 1976, Ned Cole, the bishop who had blocked Schiess' ordination, indicated that he would have her ordained in ceremonies to be held in January 1977. and in 1977, the church voted to permit the ordination of women. Schiess was chaplain at Syracuse from 1976 to 1978 and at Cornell from 1978 to 1979. One of the first weddings where Schiess officiated as priest was that of James Brule and Jill Woiler in 1975.
She later became rector of Grace Episcopal Church in Mexico, New York and was a member of the New York Task Force on Life and Law.
In 1985, Joseph Agonito portrayed her story in the documentary film Woman Priest: A Portrait of the Rev. Betty Bone Schiess.p. 21
She was president of the International Association of Women Ministers.
In 2002 Schiess and tax resistor Margaret Rusk received the inaugural In the Spirit of Gage awards presented by the Matilda Joslyn Gage Foundation.
- Take Back the Church, Indeed the Witness (1982)
- Creativity and Procreativity: Some Thoughts on Eve and the Opposition and How Episcopalians Make Ethical Decisions (1988)
- Schiess, Betty Bone (2003). Why Me, Lord?: One Woman's Ordination to the Priesthood with Commentary and Complaint (1st ed.). New York: Syracuse University Press. ISBN 978-0-8156-0744-1.
- "Betty Bone Schiess". Encyclopædia Britanica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Retrieved 29 April 2014.
- Schiess, Betty Bone (2003). Why me, Lord? : one woman's ordination to the priesthood with commentary and complaint (1st ed.). New York: Syracuse University Press. ISBN 9780815607441.
- Oppenheimer, Mark (2003). Knocking on Heaven's Door: American Religion in the Age of Counterculture. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-10024-2.
- Roddy, Michael (July 29, 1983). "Female priests still fight church". Daily News. Associated Press.
- Schiess, Betty Bone (2003). Why Me, Lord: The Story of One Woman’s Ordination (Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press).
- "Finding Aid for Ann Robb Smith Papers, 1971 - 2004" (PDF). Columbia University Libraries. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- Schneiderman, Eric. "Resolution J591-2009: Paying tribute to the life and accomplishments of Constance Cook, former New York State Assemblywoman". New York State Senate. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- Hevesi, Dennis. "Constance E. Cook, 89, Who Wrote Abortion Law, Is Dead ", The New York Times, January 24, 2009. Accessed January 24, 2009.
- Associated Press. "An Episcopal Bishop Will Ordain The Woman Who Sparked Dispute", November 4, 1976. Accessed January 24, 2009.
- Altman, Anita (June 4, 1975). "Weddings: Brule-Woiler". The Post-Standard. p. 9.
- Wilson, Lois (2004). Ann Braude (ed.). The women who changed American religion (1st ed.). New York: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 6. ISBN 9781403964601. Retrieved 4 May 2014.
- Berger, Joseph (September 7, 1985). "EPISCOPALIANS TO CHOOSE NEW LEADER". The New York Times.
- Berry, Donald L. (2009). Holy words and holy orders as dying, behold we live. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America. ISBN 9780761844198.
- "Schiess, Betty Bone 1923–". Contemporary Authors. January 1, 2006. Archived from the original on June 11, 2014.
- Shea, Kathleen (July 26, 1994). "Lives Of Phila. Eleven Have Gone 11 Directions". Daily News.
- English, Molly (April 3, 2002). "Matilda Happy Returns". Syracuse New Times. Archived from the original on June 11, 2014.
- DeCrow, Karen (June 11, 2003). "DECROW; Against the Robes; The Rev. Betty Bone Schiess' new book on her controversial 1974 ordination makes for compelling reading". Syracuse New Times. Archived from the original on June 11, 2014.(subscription required)
- Duncan, Brenda (October 24, 2017). "Syracuse's Betty Bone Schiess, one of the first American female Episcopal priests, dies". Syracuse.com.
- Guide to the Betty Bone Schiess Papers, 1965-2012, Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
- Sumner, David E. The Episcopal Church's History: 1945-1985, Morehouse-Barlow, 1987.
- New York Times, July 31, 1974; August 19, 1974; March 8, 1976, p. 28; November 14, 1976, p. 51.
- "Religion: Sue Thy Bishop". Time. 106 (7): 42. August 18, 1975.
- Schmidt, Frederick W.; with a foreword by the Reverend Betty Bone Schiess. A Still Small Voice: Women, Ordination and the Church. Syracuse, NY.: Syracuse University Press, 1996.
- Agonito, Joseph, PH.D.; producer and director. WomanPriest: A Portrait of the Reverend Betty Bone Schiess. New Futures Enterprises, 1986.
- Betty Bone Schiess, National Women's Hall of Fame.
- Betty Bone Schiess, Gale Encyclopedia of Biography
- Rev. Ned Cole (1975) "Why I will not ordain a woman/until General Convention authorizes me," The Ordination of Women: Pro and Con, Morehouse Barlow Co., pp. 70–80.
- "Bishop Cole Defers Trials". Episcopal News Service. April 21, 1976.
- A Religious Feminist—Who Can Find Her? Historiographical Challenges from the National Organization for Women