Map of central Connecticut with Berlin Turnpike highlighted in red
|Maintained by ConnDOT|
|Length||12.17 mi (19.59 km)|
| US 5 / Route 15 from Berlin to Wethersfield|
Route 314 in Wethersfield
|South end||I-91 / US 5 / Route 15 / Wilbur Cross Parkway in Meriden|
|Route 9 in Berlin|
|North end||US 5 / Route 15 / Route 314 in Wethersfield|
|Counties||New Haven, Hartford|
The Berlin Turnpike is a 12.17-mile (19.59 km) 4-lane/6-lane divided arterial road mostly carrying U.S. Route 5 (US 5) and Route 15 in New Haven County and Hartford County in the U.S. state of Connecticut. The road begins one mile south of the Meriden-Berlin town line where Route 15 on the Wilbur Cross Parkway merges with US 5 along North Broad Street in Meriden and terminates at the Hartford city line. The local name of the street varies as it passes through multiple towns.
1.07 miles (1.72 km) south of the Hartford city line, US 5 and Route 15 leave the turnpike and follow the Wilbur Cross Highway northeast through Hartford towards the Charter Oak Bridge. The Berlin Turnpike continues north as part of Route 314 for 0.69 miles (1.11 km), and then as the unsigned State Road 543 for 0.38 miles (0.61 km) before entering Hartford as the municipally-maintained Maple Avenue.
The Berlin Turnpike begins at a fork interchange between Route 15, which continues south as the limited-access Wilbur Cross Parkway, and US 5, which continues south as a local road named Broad Street. The turnpike is the only segment of Route 15 that is not limited-access, as it has multiple at-grade intersections, some with traffic lights, as well as businesses on both sides of the road. The turnpike has grade-separated interchange with Route 9 and Route 372 in Berlin, as well as Route 175 on the border between Newington and Wethersfield.
In Wethersfield, US 5 and Route 15 leave the turnpike for the Wilbur Cross Highway heading towards Hartford. This is the western terminus of Route 314, which takes a right turn onto Jordan Lane soon after to actually proceed in the eastbound direction. From Jordan Lane to the city line, the turnpike is unsigned SR 543. At the city line, the road becomes Maple Avenue and continues north towards Downtown Hartford.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (February 2020)
The Hartford and New Haven Turnpike was a toll road chartered in 1798 and built in 1798-99 to connect the cities of New Haven and Hartford in the U.S. state of Connecticut. The turnpike was built to connect the courthouses of New Haven and Hartford in as straight of a route as allowed by the terrain. Its southern terminus was at Grove Street, which forms the northern boundary of the original nine squares of New Haven. The road's straight line principle caused several intermediate town centers to be bypassed.
Since the turnpike's original construction, the roadway has been realigned and substantially widened to become the Berlin Turnpike that it is today — a major commercial thoroughfare. Many parts of the original alignment are maintained as local roads or unsigned state roads.
The long straight trajectory of the Berlin Turnpike has allowed it to become prone to excessive speeding and deadly accidents. In June 2007, a driver was clocked driving at a speed of 97 miles per hour (156 km/h), despite a posted speed limit of 50 miles per hour (80 km/h).
|New Haven||Meriden||0.00||0.00||Route 15 south (Wilbur Cross Parkway) to Merritt Parkway||Route 15 continues south along Wilbur Cross Parkway|
|US 5 south (North Broad Street) to Route 66 / I-691 – Meriden||US 5 continues south along Broad Street|
|Route 9 south – Middletown||Interchange; exits 21-22 on Route 9|
|Route 372 to Route 9 north – New Britain, East Berlin, Kensington||Interchange; southbound access via Worthington Ridge Road (SR 572)|
|5.87||9.45||Route 160 east – Rocky Hill||West end of Route 160|
|Newington||7.37||11.86||Route 173 north – West Hartford||South end of Route 173|
|7.99||12.86||Route 176 north – Newington||South end of Route 176|
|9.38||15.10||Route 287 west – Newington||West end of Route 287 concurrency|
|9.45||15.21||Route 287 east – Wethersfield||Eastern end of Route 287 concurrency|
|Newington–Wethersfield line||10.08||16.22||Route 175 – Newington, New Britain, Wethersfield||Interchange|
|Wethersfield||11.10||17.86||US 5 north / Route 15 north to I-91 – Hartford||US 5 and Route 15 continue north along Wilbur Cross Highway; western terminus of Route 314|
|11.79||18.97||Route 314 east – Wethersfield||Route 314 continues east; western terminus of unsigned SR 543|
|Wethersfield–Hartford line||12.17||19.59||Maple Avenue north||Continuation into the City of Hartford; eastern terminus of unsigned SR 543|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
- Google (February 2, 2020). "Berlin Turnpike" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
- William Phipps Blake (1888). History of the Town of Hamden, Connecticut. Price, Lee & Company. pp. 93–94.
- De La Torre, Vanessa (June 26, 2007). "Police Have Eyes On Road". The Hartford Courant. Retrieved February 2, 2020.