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|British East India Company|
|Commanders and leaders|
Hector Munro of Novar |
Bengal War, Campaign for the Eastern Subah's, was waged by the Mughal imperial crown Prince Ali Gohar later known as Shah Alam II so as to recapture the Nawab of Bengal from the British East India Company, hostilities began in 1756 and ended in 1765.
This annexation caused Shah Alam II to wage the Bengal War in 1759.
In 1760 Shah Alam II was routed by John Caillaud, and Miran (son of Mir Jafar).
In 1761 Shah Alam II was also joined by the Rohillas, Durrani's and the Nawab Vizier (Grand Vizier) Shuja-ud-Daula whom had been a belligerent in the victory against the Maratha Confederacy at the Third Battle of Panipat.
Together they marched towards Murshidabad; compelled again to retreat in defeat. They then besieged Patna, but was beaten off by Capt. Knox’s force.
Shah Alam II was taken prisoner by Major Camac, 1761, in Bihar; and allowed to retire to Awadh where he was crowned emperor again.
But perhaps his most formidable subject during the Bengal War was Mir Qasim.
Shah Alam II, whom would later become a pensioner of the British East India Company in 1765.[clarification needed]
Shah Alam II did manage to capture and hold Bihar before becoming a pensioner of the English.
The English East India Company waged a campaign to overthrow Shuja-ud-Daula.