|Population||904 (2011 Census)|
|Irish grid reference|
|• Belfast||104 miles|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Belleek (from Irish Béal Leice 'mouth of the flagstones') is a village and civil parish in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. While the greater part of the village lies within County Fermanagh, part of it crosses the border and the River Erne into County Donegal. It lies in the historic barony of Lurg. It had a population of 904 people in the 2011 Census, and is situated within Fermanagh and Omagh district.
Belleek is a busy market town with a variety of pubs, shops, restaurants and a hotel. It is noted for the fine parian china produced there at the Belleek Pottery, the oldest pottery in Ireland. The china is valued by collectors from all over the world. It is also a noted location for angling and other recreational activities and is now linked to the River Shannon by canal.
The highest temperature in Northern Ireland recorded by the Met Office, 30.8 °C (87.4 °F), occurred at Knockarevan (near Belleek) in County Fermanagh on 30 June 1976.
The village is the most westerly settlement in Northern Ireland and thus the most westerly settlement in the United Kingdom. The majority of the pottery is still produced in Belleek today using the same procedures of over 160 years.
There is evidence of Neolithic settlers in the area, and later legend has it that Fionn mac Cumhail's men sharpened their swords on the big limestone rock at Belleek Falls. (The flagstone, which gave its name to the area, was destroyed together with the falls during drainage works in the 1880s).
A castle was built at Caol Uisce near Belleek at the entrance to Lower Lough Erne by Gilbert Costello in 1212. Belleek town in its present layout was founded on the Blennerhassett estate during the Plantation of Ulster in the early 17th century.
The establishment of the pottery in 1857 saw the start of growth and the town developed further with the founding of a cooperative creamery in 1899, a police station, a courthouse, post office and dispensary.
Belleek was one of several Catholic border villages in Fermanagh that would have been transferred to the Irish Free State had the recommendations of the Irish Boundary Commission been enacted in 1925.
Places of interest
The renowned Belleek Pottery in the centre of the village is currently owned by US-based Dundalk man, George Moore. It was founded in 1857 by John Caldwell Bloomfield, who declared that any piece with the slightest flaw would be destroyed and this is still the case today. The first examples of this fine Parian china were made using kaolin and feldspar deposits found in the lands surrounding Castle Caldwell. With the establishment of the pottery, new houses were built for workers in Rathmore Terrace and in Hawthorn Terrace. There is a visitor's centre at the pottery.
A stained glass window featuring a potter's hands is located above the altar in St. Patrick's Roman Catholic church. This was built in 1903 at a cost of £2,000. Three stained glass windows were also unveiled in Belleek Church of Ireland in May 2009 to commemorate the founders of Belleek Pottery, John Caldwell Bloomfield, the local landowner, Robert Williams Armstrong, architect, ceramics expert and first manager of Belleek Pottery and David McBirney, Dublin who provided the finance for the project; all were members of the Church of Ireland.
Castle Caldwell Forest Walk lies four miles outside Belleek at the western end of Lower Lough Erne. Castle Caldwell was originally built in 1612. Lower Lough Erne is home to various protected wildlife, including Sandwich tern, Eurasian curlew, lapwing, redshank, and common snipe colonies. The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds keeps up-to-date records as to colony numbers and well being.
Bus Éireann offers routes to Enniskillen and then to major cities and towns in the Republic of Ireland including Cavan and Dublin. Many bus services meet and hopefully connect with each other's timetables in nearby Ballyshannon in County Donegal, where onward connections can be made. Ulsterbus provide limited connections on the longer route via Belcoo to Enniskillen.
Belleek Pottery Ltd has long been a major employer in the region, with its visitor centre attracting 150,000 guests per annum. Fermanagh District Council reports that 70% of Belleek Pottery's product is manufactured for export. Belleek also hosts a street mart every third Tuesday of the month, where local crafts and goods can be bought and sold.
Belleek is classified as a small village or hamlet by the NI Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA) (i.e. with a population between 500 and 1,000 people). On the day of the 2001 census (29 April 2001) there were 836 people living in Belleek. Of these:
- 26.4% were aged under 16 and 22.1% were aged 60 and over
- 46.8% of the population were male and 53.2% were female
- 87.8% were from a Catholic background and 11.6% were from a Protestant background
- 4.5% of people aged 16–74 were unemployed.
On Census Day (27 March 2011) the usually resident population of Belleek (Fermanagh Lgd) Settlement was 904 accounting for 0.05% of the NI total.
- 99.00% were from the white (including Irish Traveller) ethnic group;
- 88.50% belong to or were brought up in the Catholic religion and 8.96% belong to or were brought up in a 'Protestant and Other Christian (including Christian related)' religion; and
- 11.73% indicated that they had a British national identity, 58.85% had an Irish national identity and 30.20% had a Northern Irish national identity*.
- Respondents could indicate more than one national identity
On Census Day 27 March 2011, in Belleek (Fermanagh Lgd) Settlement, considering the population aged 3 years old and over:
- 21.91% had some knowledge of Irish;
- 3.11% had some knowledge of Ulster-Scots; and
- 1.27% did not have English as their first language.
- Dr Edward Daly (1933–2016), Roman Catholic Bishop of Derry from 1974 to 1993, was born in Belleek.
- Tom Daly, SDLP politician, was born in Bellek.
- Samuel B. Horne (1843-1928), a Medal of Honor recipient in the American Civil War, was born in Belleek on 3 March 1843.
Civil parish of Belleek
The civil parish contains the village of Belleek.
The civil parish contains the following townlands:
- Ballaghgee Glebe
- Buck Island
- Carrowkeel Glebe
- Derrynacrannog Glebe
- Derryrona Glebe
- Eagle Island
- Ferny Island
- Gadalough Glebe
- Rough Island
- Scardans Lower
- Scardans Upper
- Tawnynoran Glebe
- Tievealough Glebe
- Tiragannon Glebe
- Flanagan, Deirdre & Laurence; Irish Place Names, page 182. Gill & Macmillan, 2002. ISBN 0-7171-3396-6
- "Belleek". IreAtlas Townlands Database. Retrieved 5 May 2015.
- "Northern Ireland". Met Office. Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. "July is normally the warmest month in Northern Ireland, and the highest temperatures of all have occurred inland, furthest away from the cooling influence of the Atlantic. The highest temperature ever recorded in Northern Ireland is 30.8 °C at Knockarevan in County Fermanagh on 30 June 1976, and also at Shaw's Bridge in Belfast on 12 July 1983."
- John Cunningham (2008). Fermanagh in Sight: The Fermanagh Highlands. Davog Press. p. 17. ISBN 978-1907530081.
- "Irish Boundary Commission Report". National Archives. 1925. p. 140-43.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 February 2007. Retrieved 18 January 2007.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Bus Éireann
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 October 2007. Retrieved 18 January 2007.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Census 2011 Population Statistics for Belleek (Fermanagh Lgd) Settlement". NINIS. Retrieved 21 December 2019.
- O'Leary, Olivia (1 March 1984). "The John Hume Show". Magill. Retrieved 9 August 2016.
- "Samuel B. Horne". Archived from the original on 26 July 2014. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Belleek.|