Beasts of No Nation is a 2005 novel by the Nigerian-American author Uzodinma Iweala, that takes its title from Fela Kuti's 1989 album with the same name. The book was adapted as a movie in 2015.
The novel follows the journey of a young boy, Agu, who is forced to join a group of soldiers in an unnamed West African country. While Agu fears his commander and many of the men around him, his fledgling childhood has been brutally shattered by the war raging through his country, and he is at first conflicted by simultaneous revulsion and fascination with the mechanics of war. Iweala does not shy away from explicit, visceral detail and paints a complex, difficult picture of Agu as a child soldier. The book does not give any direct clue as to which country it takes place in, and it remains undisclosed. The book is notable for its confrontational, immersive first-person narrative.
The theme of child soldiers draws on the author's Harvard thesis. The writer never experienced the events he writes about in his novel unlike other books in the same genre.
The novel is about a West African boy named Agu who is forced to become a child soldier. When war came to his family's small village, Agu’s mother and sister are able to leave with the UN peacekeepers, but Agu is ordered to stay behind and fight with his father and the other men of the village. When soldiers attack the village the men realize that whether they hide or not they will eventually be killed. They mount an attack but Agu runs away at his father's wishes.
Agu hides and is soon found by soldiers, who coerce him to join their rebel force. In a bloody initiation, the commander forces him to kill an unarmed man.
As Agu is forced to leave his childhood behind, he reminisces about the past: his family, his love of reading and school, his dream of becoming an important doctor, and how he used to read the Bible every day. He thinks about how he and his friend used to play at war and how this war is not the same. He fears that God hates him for killing others, but he soon forces himself to believe that this is what God wants, because “he is soldier and this is what soldiers do in war.” He befriends a mute boy named Strika, and together they face the crimes and hardships of war: looting, rape, killing, and starvation.
Agu loses track of time, understanding only that he was a child before that war but has become a man in a seemingly never-ending trial by fire. He wants to stop killing but fears that so doing will get him killed by the Commandant. During this time of war Agu and the army have very little to eat, so they eat what they can: rats, small game, goats, and sometimes other people. The food is not cooked enough for fear that others will see the fire, and the water is known to contain human feces. Agu and other children in the battalion are raped by the Commandant in return for small tokens. While Agu hates the rape, he does not resist as he fears he will be killed by the Commandant if he does so.
The Commandant eventually takes the battalion to the village of his birth where they visit a brothel. Commandant's second in command, Luftenant, is shot by a prostitute. Out of jealousy, this hit was ordered by the Commandant because Luftenant was promoted to 'General' before him. Luftenant is then replaced by a soldier named Rambo, thus named because of his bloodthirst.
His wish to escape the army finally comes true when Rambo leads a successful revolt against the Commandant in a period of agonising lack of basic necessities. Starved, exhausted and bereaved of his only friend, Strika, Agu joins the disbanded soldiers to try to make their way home. Agu ultimately leaves his fellow soldiers.
In time, he comes under the care of a missionary shelter/hospital run by a preacher and a white woman, Amy. Agu gets new clothes and all the food and sleep he wants and regains his health and strength. However, after having lived through a bloody guerrilla war, the Bible no longer holds any meaning for him. Amy invites him to share his thoughts and feelings, and Agu tells her he would like to be a doctor and save lives so as to redeem his sins. He also tells her about all of the evils he has had to commit during the war.
A feature film was adapted by Cary Fukunaga, starring Abraham Attah as Agu and Idris Elba as the commander. The film is an international production, shot on location in the jungles of Ghana. It premiered on Netflix on October 16, 2015.
- Audio recording: Uzodinma Iweala reading from Beasts of No Nation at the Key West Literary Seminar, 2008.
- Smith, Ali (3 September 2005). "The lost boys". The Observer. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
- Baker, Simon (4 December 2005). "A Boy Soldier's Heart of Darkness". The New York Times. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
- Geoff Wisner, review of Beasts of No Nation, Indiegogo Café, 14 February 2006.
- Egbedi, Hadassah (16 October 2015). "Exclusive Interview With Uzodinma Iweala, Author, Beasts of No Nation". Ventures Africa. Missing or empty
- Cusumano, Katherine. "How 'Beasts Of No Nation' Came To Life". Bustle. Retrieved 2019-03-18.
- "'Beast of No Nation' is not wholly a Ghanaian movie - Ama K". www.ghanaweb.com. Retrieved 2019-03-18.
- "Idris Elba meets his Waterloo – in Ghana". The Telegraph. 2015-10-03. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 2019-03-18.
- "Netflix feature films". Deadline. July 2015.