|First Battle of Katwa|
|Part of Second Maratha invasion of Bengal|
|Commanders and leaders|
|Casualties and losses|
The First Battle of Katwa occurred between Bengal and Maratha Empire in 1742. The Marathas initially attacked and captured Katwa and Hooghly in Bengal. The Nawab of Bengal Alivardi Khan responded with a direct attack on the Maratha camp at Katwa in nightfall and the entire Maratha army was evacuated out of Bengal on 17 September 1742 believing a much larger force had charged them.