|Battle of Glenlivet|
|Clan Gordon, Clan Hay, Clan Comyn, Clan Cameron||Clan Campbell, Clan Murray, Clan Stewart, Clan Forbes, Clan Macgillivray, Clan Maclean, Clan Grant, Clan MacNeil, Chattan Confederation - Clan Mackintosh.|
|Commanders and leaders|
George Gordon, 1st Marquess of Huntly|
Francis Hay, 9th Earl of Erroll
|Archibald Campbell, 7th Earl of Argyll|
|Casualties and losses|
|Designated||14 December 2012|
This battle is often seen as a religious conflict, and was fought by the Catholic forces of George Gordon, 1st Marquess of Huntly and Francis Hay, 9th Earl of Erroll, who were victorious over the Protestant forces of Archibald Campbell, 7th Earl of Argyll. When the decree of 12 November 1593 came out, by which Catholics were ordered to give up their faith or leave the country, Huntly refused to obey. His continued resistance culminated in the Battle of Glenlivet, where, accompanied by the Earl of Erroll, he engaged Argyll's army above Allt a' Choileachain.
The Earl of Argyll's forces consisted of 10,000 Highlanders from Clan Campbell, Clan Murray, Clan Stewart, Clan Forbes, Clan Macgillivray, Clan Maclean, Clan Grant, and the Chattan Confederation of Clan Mackintosh.
Huntly's retainers prepared for battle by confession and communion. Mass was said at Auchindoun for them by Father James Gordon, S.J., before they set out on their march through Glenrinnes. Their weapons were sprinkled with holy water, and a cross placed on their armour symbolised that they fought in defence of the Cross of Christ.
The Earl of Huntly's force of 2,000 men routed the Earl of Argyll's force of 10,000. Huntly's victory was a dramatic victory of horse and artillery over irregular infantry.
The location of the battlefield is approximately 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) east of Glenlivet. The site of the battle is currently under research, to be inventoried and protected by Historic Scotland under the Scottish Historical Environment Policy of 2009.
- Brown, Peter Hume (1911). History of Scotland: From the accession of Mary Stewart to the Revolution of ...
Before the arrival of James in the north, Argyle had met Huntly and Errol at Glenlivet in Banffshire (Oct. 4). Argyle's army was greatly superior in numbers, but to his Highland infantry in their plaids and bonnets were opposed a strong body of cavalry armed with lances and clothed in mail. Treachery in Argyle's ranks gave another advantage to the enemy; and, though the accounts of the action are somewhat conflicting, Argyle appears to have sustained a severe defeat ...
- "On this day 1594: Clans defend Catholic faith at Battle of Glenlivet". scotsman.com. The Scotsman. 3 October 2018. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
- MacKinnon, Charles (1995). Scottish Highlanders. Barnes & Noble.
- "The Battle of Glenlivet". clan-cameron.org. Clan Cameron Association. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
- "Battle of Glenlivet". portal.historicenvironment.scot. Historic Environment Scotland. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
- Historic Environment Scotland. "Achdregnie - Glenlivet (16299)". Canmore. Retrieved 29 June 2013.