|Alternative names||Basbuusa, Basbousa|
|Region or state||Egypt, Middle East, Balkans, North Africa, the Caucasus|
|Serving temperature||Cold or warm|
|Main ingredients||Semolina or farina, syrup, yogurt|
|Variations||Orange blossom syrup or rose|
|Calorie rich kcal|
Basbousa (also namoura, revani, hareseh and other names) is a traditional Middle Eastern sweet cake that originated in Egypt, although it is also popular in other countries. It is made from a semolina batter and cooked in a pan, then sweetened with orange flower water, rose water or simple syrup, and typically cut into diamond shapes. It is found in most former areas of the Ottoman Empire, and is featured in Middle Eastern cuisines, Greek cuisine, Azerbaijani cuisine, Turkish cuisine, and many others.
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- Egyptian Arabic: basbūsah
- Arabic: هريسة harīsa (meaning mashed or crushed), نمورة nammoura
- Armenian: Շամալի shamali
- Greek: σάμαλι (samali).
- Turkish: revani
Basbousa is the dessert's Egyptian name and it is called the same in North Africa. It's often called "hareesa" in the Levant, and also the Egyptian city of Alexandria, though in other parts of Egypt hareesa is a different type of dessert. Also note that "haressa" in North Africa is a spicy red sauce. Basbousa is a popular dessert among all Egyptians; it is a main Egyptian dish in Eid and Ramadan, and for Christians when they are fasting, such for the Great Lent and Nativity, as it can be made vegan.
Pastūsha (sometimes stylized as pastūçha) is a variant of basbousa that originated in Kuwait in the 2010s. Like basbousa, it is made from semolina soaked in sweet syrup. It is characterized by the addition of finely ground pistachios and orange flower water.
Basbousa bil ashta - a Levantine variation of basbousa filled with ashta cream in the middle.
- "Καλόν πράμαν ή σιάμαλι". foodmuseum.cs.ucy.ac.cy (in Greek). Cyprus Food Virtual Museum. Retrieved 26 November 2015.
- "Arabic Dessert".
- Marks, Gil (17 November 2010). Encyclopedia of Jewish Food. HMH. ISBN 978-0-544-18631-6 – via Google Books.
- Abitbol, Vera (2019-09-25). "Syria: Basbousa". 196 flavors. Retrieved 2020-10-04.
- Davidson, Alan (2014). Oxford companion to food. [S.l.]: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0199677337.
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