|Barguzin Nature Reserve|
Dashva, in the Barguzin Reserve
|Area||2,482 km2 (958 sq mi)|
|Governing body||Center for Russian Nature Conservation|
Barguzinsky Nature Reserve (Russian: Баргузинский заповедник) is the oldest of zapovedniks (nature reserves). It is located in Buryatia (Russia) on the west slope of the Barguzin Range, including the northeast shores of the Lake Baikal and a part of the lake itself. The name of the preserve (and the range) comes from the Barguzin River. The area of the reserve is 2,482 km2 (958 sq mi). It was created in 1916 to preserve and increase the numbers of Barguzin Sable (Martes zibellina). Mountainous and taiga landscapes are also being preserved.
Ecoregion and climate
The Barguzin Reserve is located in the Trans-Baikal conifer forests ecoregion. This ecoregion covers a mountainous region of southern taiga stretching east and south from the shores of Lake Baikal in southern Russia, and reaching in to northern Mongolia. The climate of Barguzin is Subarctic climate, dry winter (Köppen climate classification Subartic climate(Dwc)). This climate is characterized by mild summers (only 1-3 months above 10 °C (50.0 °F)) and cold winters having monthly precipitation less than one-tenth of the wettest summer month.
Flora and fauna
The Barguzin Nature Reserve is inhabited by elks, musk deer (known as kabarga), brown bears, Black-capped Marmots, grouse, etc. Omuls, sigs, sturgeons, graylings, taimens (таймень), lenoks (ленок) and other fish spawn in the rivers of the reserve.
- Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006. "World Map of Koppen-Geiger Climate Classification Updated" (PDF). Gebrüder Borntraeger 2006. Retrieved 14 September 2019.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- "Dataset - Koppen climate classifications". World Bank. Retrieved 14 September 2019.
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