Stanwyck in 1939
Ruby Catherine Stevens
July 16, 1907
|Died||January 20, 1990 (aged 82)|
Santa Monica, California, U.S.
Barbara Stanwyck (born Ruby Catherine Stevens; July 16, 1907 – January 20, 1990) was an American actress, model and dancer. A stage, film and television star, she was known during her 60-year career as a consummate and versatile professional for her strong, realistic screen presence. A favorite of directors including Cecil B. DeMille, Fritz Lang and Frank Capra, she made 85 films in 38 years before turning to television.
Stanwyck got her start on the stage in the chorus as a Ziegfeld girl in 1923 at age 16 and within a few years was acting in plays. She was then cast in her first lead role in Burlesque (1927), becoming a Broadway star. Soon after that, Stanwyck obtained film roles and got her major break when Frank Capra chose her for his romantic drama Ladies of Leisure (1930), which led to additional lead roles.
In 1937 she had the title role in Stella Dallas and received her first Academy Award nomination for best actress. In 1941 she starred in two successful screwball comedies: Ball of Fire with Gary Cooper, and The Lady Eve with Henry Fonda. She received her second Academy Award nomination for Ball of Fire, and in recent decades The Lady Eve has come to be regarded as a romantic comedy classic with Stanwyck's performance called one of the best in American comedy.
By 1944, Stanwyck had become the highest-paid woman in the United States. She starred alongside Fred MacMurray in the seminal film noir Double Indemnity (1944), playing the smoldering wife who persuades MacMurray's insurance salesman to kill her husband. Described as one of the ultimate portrayals of villainy, it is widely thought that Stanwyck should have won the Academy Award for Best Actress rather than being just nominated. She received another Oscar nomination for her lead performance as an invalid wife overhearing her own murder plot in the thriller film noir, Sorry, Wrong Number (1948). After she moved into television in the 1960s, she won three Emmy Awards – for The Barbara Stanwyck Show (1961), the western series The Big Valley (1966), and miniseries The Thorn Birds (1983).
She received an Honorary Oscar in 1982, the Golden Globe Cecil B. DeMille Award in 1986 and was the recipient of several other honorary lifetime awards. She was ranked as the 11th greatest female star of classic American cinema by the American Film Institute. An orphan at the age of four, and partially raised in foster homes, she always worked; one of her directors, Jacques Tourneur, said of Stanwyck, "She only lives for two things, and both of them are work."
Barbara Stanwyck was born Ruby Catherine Stevens on July 16, 1907, in Brooklyn, New York. She was the fifth – and youngest – child of Catherine Ann (née McPhee) (1870-1911) and Byron E. Stevens (1872-1919), working-class parents. Her father, of English descent, was a native of Lanesville, Massachusetts, and her mother, of Scottish descent, was an immigrant from Sydney, Nova Scotia. When Ruby was four, her mother died of complications from a miscarriage after she was knocked off a moving streetcar by a drunk. Two weeks after the funeral, her father joined a work crew digging the Panama Canal and was never seen again by his family. Ruby and her older brother, Malcolm Byron (later nicknamed "By") Stevens, were raised by their eldest sister Laura Mildred (later Mildred Smith), who died of a heart attack at age 45. When Mildred got a job as a showgirl, Ruby and Byron were placed in a series of foster homes (as many as four in a year), from which young Ruby often ran away.[Note 1]
"I knew that after fourteen I'd have to earn my own living, but I was willing to do that ... I've always been a little sorry for pampered people, and of course, they're 'very' sorry for me."
|Barbara Stanwyck, 1937|
Ruby toured with Mildred during the summers of 1916 and 1917, and practiced her sister's routines backstage. Watching the movies of Pearl White, whom Ruby idolized, also influenced her drive to be a performer. At the age of 14, she dropped out of school, taking a package wrapping job at a Brooklyn department store. Ruby never attended high school, "although early biographical thumbnail sketches had her attending Brooklyn's famous Erasmus Hall High School."
Soon afterward, she took a filing job at the Brooklyn telephone office for $14 a week, which allowed her to become financially independent. She disliked the job; her real goal was to enter show business, even as her sister Mildred discouraged the idea. She then took a job cutting dress patterns for Vogue magazine, but customers complained about her work and she was fired. Ruby's next job was as a typist for the Jerome H. Remick Music Company; work she reportedly enjoyed, however her continuing ambition was in show business, and her sister finally gave up trying to dissuade her.
Ziegfeld girl and Broadway success
In 1923, a few months before her 16th birthday, Ruby auditioned for a place in the chorus at the Strand Roof, a nightclub over the Strand Theatre in Times Square. A few months later, she obtained a job as a dancer in the 1922 and 1923 seasons of the Ziegfeld Follies, dancing at the New Amsterdam Theater. "I just wanted to survive and eat and have a nice coat", Stanwyck said. For the next several years, she worked as a chorus girl, performing from midnight to seven a.m. at nightclubs owned by Texas Guinan. She also occasionally served as a dance instructor at a speakeasy for gays and lesbians owned by Guinan. One of her good friends during those years was pianist Oscar Levant, who described her as being "wary of sophisticates and phonies."
Billy LaHiff, who owned a popular pub frequented by showpeople, introduced Ruby in 1926 to impresario Willard Mack. Mack was casting his play The Noose, and LaHiff suggested that the part of the chorus girl be played by a real one. Mack agreed, and after a successful audition gave the part to Ruby. She co-starred with Rex Cherryman and Wilfred Lucas. As initially staged, the play was not a success. In an effort to improve it, Mack decided to expand Ruby's part to include more pathos. The Noose re-opened on October 20, 1926, and became one of the most successful plays of the season, running on Broadway for nine months and 197 performances. At the suggestion of David Belasco, Ruby changed her name to Barbara Stanwyck by combining the first name from the play Barbara Frietchie with the last name of the actress in the play, Jane Stanwyck; both were found on a 1906 theater program.
Stanwyck became a Broadway star soon afterward, when she was cast in her first leading role in Burlesque (1927). She received rave reviews, and it was a huge hit. Film actor Pat O'Brien would later say on a 1960s talk show, "The greatest Broadway show I ever saw was a play in the 1920s called 'Burlesque'." Arthur Hopkins described in his autobiography To a Lonely Boy, how he came to cast Stanwyck:
After some search for the girl, I interviewed a nightclub dancer who had just scored in a small emotional part in a play that did not run [The Noose]. She seemed to have the quality I wanted, a sort of rough poignancy. She at once displayed more sensitive, easily expressed emotion than I had encountered since Pauline Lord. She and [Hal] Skelly were the perfect team, and they made the play a great success. I had great plans for her, but the Hollywood offers kept coming. There was no competing with them. She became a picture star. She is Barbara Stanwyck.
He also called Stanwyck "The greatest natural actress of our time", noting with sadness, "One of the theater's great potential actresses was embalmed in celluloid."
Around this time, Stanwyck was given a screen test by producer Bob Kane for his upcoming 1927 silent film Broadway Nights. She lost the lead role because she could not cry in the screen test, but was given a minor part as a fan dancer. This was Stanwyck's first film appearance.
Stanwyck's first sound film was The Locked Door (1929), followed by Mexicali Rose, released in the same year. Neither film was successful; nonetheless, Frank Capra chose Stanwyck for his film Ladies of Leisure (1930). Her work in that production established an enduring friendship with the director and led to future roles in his films. Other prominent roles followed, among them as a nurse who saves two little girls from being gradually starved to death by Clark Gable's vicious character in Night Nurse (1931). In Edna Ferber's novel brought to screen by William Wellman, she portrays small town teacher and valiant Midwest farm woman Selena in So Big! (1932). She followed with a performance as an ambitious woman "sleeping" her way to the top from "the wrong side of the tracks" in Baby Face (1933), a controversial pre-Code classic. In The Bitter Tea of General Yen (1933), another controversial pre-Code film by director Capra, Stanwyck portrays an idealistic Christian caught behind the lines of Chinese civil war kidnapped by warlord Nils Asther. A flop at the time, containing "mysterious-East mumbo jumbo", the lavish film is "dark stuff, and its difficult to imagine another actress handling this ... philosophical conversion as fearlessly as Ms. Stanwyck does. She doesn't make heavy weather of it."
In Stella Dallas (1937) she plays the self-sacrificing title character who eventually allows her teenage daughter to live a better life somewhere else. She landed her first Academy Award nomination for Best Actress when she was able to portray her character as vulgar, yet sympathetic as required by the movie. Next, she played Molly Monahan in Union Pacific (1939) with Joel McCrea. Stanwyck was reportedly one of the many actresses considered for the role of Scarlett O'Hara in Gone with the Wind (1939), although she did not receive a screen test. In Meet John Doe she plays an ambitious newspaperwoman with Gary Cooper (1941).
In Preston Sturges's romantic comedy The Lady Eve (1941), she plays a slinky, sophisticated con-woman who falls for her intended victim, the guileless, wealthy snake-collector and scientist Henry Fonda, she "gives off an erotic charge that would straighten a boa constrictor." Film critic David Thomson described Stanwyck as "giving one of the best American comedy performances", and its reviewed as brilliantly versatile in "her bravura double performance" by The Guardian. The Lady Eve is among the top 100 movies of all time on Time and Entertainment Weekly's lists, and is considered to be both a great comedy and a great romantic film with its placement at #55 on the AFI's 100 Years ...100 Laughs list and #26 on its 100 Years ...100 Passions list.
Next, she was the extremely successful, independent doctor Helen Hunt in You Belong to Me (1941), also with Fonda. Stanwyck then played nightclub performer Sugerpuss O'Shea in the Howard Hawks directed, but Billy Wilder written comedy Ball of Fire (1941). In this update of the Snow White and Seven Dwarfs tale, she gives professor Gary Cooper a better understanding of "modern English" in the performance for which she received an Academy Award nomination for Best Actress.
In Double Indemnity, the seminal film noir thriller directed by Billy Wilder, she plays the sizzling, scheming wife/blonde tramp/"destiny in high heels" who lures an infatuated insurance salesman (Fred MacMurray) into killing her husband. Stanwyck brings out the cruel nature of the "grim, unflinching murderess", marking her as the "most notorious femme" in the film noir genre. Her insolent, self-possessed wife is one of the screen's "definitive studies of villainy - and should (it is widely thought) have won the Oscar for Best Actress", not just been nominated. Double Indemnity is usually considered to be among the top 100 films of all time, though it did not win any of its seven Academy Award nominations. It is the #38 film of all time on the American Film Institute's list, as well as the #24 on its 100 Years ...100 Thrillers list and #84 on its 100 Years ...100 Passions list.
She plays the columnist caught up in white lies and a holiday romance in Christmas in Connecticut (1945). In 1946 she was "liquid nitrogen" as Martha, a manipulative murderess, costarring with Van Heflin and newcomer Kirk Douglas in The Strange Love of Martha Ivers. Stanwyck was also the vulnerable, invalid wife that overhears her own murder being plotted in Sorry, Wrong Number (1948) and the doomed concert pianist in The Other Love (1947). In the latter film's soundtrack, the piano music is actually being performed by Ania Dorfmann, who drilled Stanwyck for three hours a day until the actress was able to synchronize the motion of her arms and hands to match the music's tempo, giving a convincing impression that it is Stanwyck playing the piano.
Pauline Kael, a longtime film critic for The New Yorker, admired the natural appearance of Stanwyck's acting style on screen, noting that she "seems to have an intuitive understanding of the fluid physical movements that work best on camera". In reference to the actress's film work during the early sound era, Kael observed that the "[e]arly talkies sentimentality...only emphasizes Stanwyck's remarkable modernism."
Many of her roles involve strong characters, yet Stanwyck was known for her accessibility and kindness to the backstage crew on any film set. She knew the names of their wives and children. Frank Capra said of Stanwyck: "She was destined to be beloved by all directors, actors, crews and extras. In a Hollywood popularity contest, she would win first prize, hands down." While working on 1954s Cattle Queen of Montana on location in Glacier National Park, she did some of her own stunts, including a swim in the icy lake. A consummate professional, when aged 50, she performed a stunt in Forty Guns. Her character had to fall off her horse and, with her foot caught in the stirrup, be dragged by the galloping animal. This was so dangerous that the movie's professional stunt person refused to do it. Her professionalism on film sets led her to be named an Honorary Member of the Hollywood Stuntmen's Hall of Fame.
William Holden and Stanwyck were longtime friends and when Stanwyck and Holden were presenting the Best Sound Oscar for 1977, he paused to pay a special tribute to her for saving his career when Holden was cast in the lead for Golden Boy (1939). After a series of unsteady daily performances, he was about to be fired, but Stanwyck staunchly defended him, successfully standing up to the film producers. Shortly after Holden's death, Stanwyck recalled the moment when receiving her honorary Oscar: "A few years ago, I stood on this stage with William Holden as a presenter. I loved him very much, and I miss him. He always wished that I would get an Oscar. And so, tonight, my golden boy, you got your wish."
As Stanwyck's film career declined during the 1950s, she moved to television. In 1958 she guest-starred in "Trail to Nowhere", an episode of the Western anthology series Dick Powell's Zane Grey Theatre, portraying a wife who pursues, overpowers, and kills the man who murdered her husband. Later, in 1961, her drama series The Barbara Stanwyck Show was not a ratings success, but it earned her an Emmy Award. The show ran for a total of thirty-six episodes. She also guest-starred in this period on other television series, such as The Untouchables with Robert Stack and in four episodes of Wagon Train.
The western television series, The Big Valley, which was broadcast on ABC from 1965 to 1969, made her one of the most popular actresses on television, winning her another Emmy. She was billed in the series' opening credits as "Miss Barbara Stanwyck" for her role as Victoria, the widowed matriarch of the wealthy Barkley family. In 1965, the plot of her 1940 movie Remember the Night was adapted and used to develop the teleplay for The Big Valley episode "Judgement in Heaven".
In 1983, Stanwyck earned her third Emmy for The Thorn Birds. In 1985 she made three guest appearances in the primetime soap opera Dynasty prior to the launch of its short-lived spin-off series, The Colbys, in which she starred alongside Charlton Heston, Stephanie Beacham and Katharine Ross. Unhappy with the experience, Stanwyck remained with the series for only the first season, and her role as "Constance Colby Patterson" would be her last.It was rumored Earl Hamner Jr., former producer of The Waltons, had initially wanted Stanwyck for the role of Angela Channing in the 1980s soap opera Falcon Crest, and she turned it down, with the role going to her friend, Jane Wyman; when asked Hamner assured Wyman it was a rumor.
Marriages and relationships
While playing in The Noose, Stanwyck reportedly fell in love with her married co-star, Rex Cherryman. Cherryman had become ill early in 1928 and his doctor advised him to take a sea voyage to Paris where he and Stanwyck had arranged to meet. While still at sea, he died of septic poisoning at the age of 31.
On August 26, 1928, Stanwyck married her Burlesque co-star, Frank Fay. She and Fay later claimed they disliked each other at first, but became close after Cherryman's death. A botched abortion at the age of 15 had resulted in complications which left Stanwyck unable to have children, according to her biographer. After moving to Hollywood, the couple adopted a ten-month-old son on December 5, 1932. They named him Dion, later amending the name to Anthony Dion, nicknamed "Tony". The marriage was a troubled one. Fay's successful career on Broadway did not translate to the big screen, whereas Stanwyck achieved Hollywood stardom. Fay was reportedly physically abusive to his young wife, especially when he was inebriated. Some claim that this union was the basis for dialogue written by William Wellman, friend of the couple, for A Star Is Born. The couple divorced on December 30, 1935. Stanwyck won custody of their son, whom she raised with a strict authoritarian hand and demanding expectations. Stanwyck and her son were estranged after his childhood, meeting only a few times after he became an adult. The child whom she had adopted in infancy "resembled her in just one respect: both were, effectively, orphans." Her son died in 2006.
In 1936, while making the film His Brother's Wife (1936), Stanwyck became involved with her co-star, Robert Taylor. Rather than a torrid romance, their relationship was more one of mentor and pupil. Stanwyck served as support and adviser to the younger Taylor, who had come from a small Nebraska town; she guided his career, and acclimated him to the sophisticated Hollywood culture. The couple began living together, sparking newspaper reports about the two. Stanwyck was hesitant to remarry after the failure of her first marriage. However, their 1939 marriage was arranged with the help of Taylor's studio Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, a common practice in Hollywood's golden age. Louis B. Mayer had insisted on the two stars marrying and went as far as presiding over arrangements at the wedding. She and Taylor enjoyed time together outdoors during the early years of their marriage, and owned acres of prime West Los Angeles property. Their large ranch and home in the Mandeville Canyon section of Brentwood, Los Angeles, is still referred to by the locals as the old "Robert Taylor ranch."
Stanwyck and Taylor mutually decided in 1950 to divorce, and after his insistence, she proceeded with the official filing of the papers. There have been many rumors regarding the cause of their divorce, but after World War II, Taylor had attempted to create a life away from Hollywood, and Stanwyck did not share that goal. Taylor had romantic affairs, and there were unsubstantiated rumors about Stanwyck having had affairs as well. After the divorce, they remained friendly and acted together in Stanwyck's last feature film, The Night Walker (1964). She never remarried. According to her friend and Big Valley co-star Linda Evans, Stanwyck cited Taylor as the love of her life. She took his death in 1969 very hard, and took a long break from film and television work.
Stanwyck was one of the best-liked actresses in Hollywood and was friends with many of her fellow actors (as well as crew members of her films and TV shows), including Joel McCrea and his wife Frances Dee, George Brent, Robert Preston, Henry Fonda (who had a lifelong crush on her), James Stewart, Linda Evans, Joan Crawford, Jack Benny and his wife Mary Livingstone, William Holden, Gary Cooper, Fred MacMurray.
Stanwyck who was 45, had a four-year romantic affair with actor Robert Wagner, 22, whom she met on the set of Titanic (1953). Stanwyck ended the relationship which is described in Wagner's memoir Pieces of My Heart (2008). In the 1950s, Stanwyck also had a one-night stand with Farley Granger, which he wrote about in his autobiography Include Me Out: My Life from Goldwyn to Broadway (2007).
Stanwyck opposed the presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt. She felt that if someone from her disadvantaged background had risen to success, others should be able to prosper without government intervention or assistance. For Stanwyck, "hard work with the prospect of rich reward was the American way". Stanwyck became an early member of the Motion Picture Alliance for the Preservation of American Ideals (MPA) after its founding in 1944. The mission of this group was to "... combat ... subversive methods [used in the industry] to undermine and change the American way of life."  It opposed both communist and fascist influences in Hollywood. She publicly supported the investigations of the House Un-American Activities Committee, her husband Robert Taylor appearing to testify as a friendly witness. Stanwyck shared conservative Republican affiliation with such contemporaries as: Mary Pickford, Walt Disney, Hedda Hopper, Randolph Scott, Robert Young, Ward Bond, William Holden, Ginger Rogers, Jimmy Stewart, George Murphy, Gary Cooper, Bing Crosby, John Wayne, Walter Brennan, Shirley Temple, Bob Hope, Adolphe Menjou, Helen Hayes, director Frank Capra, and her Double Indemnity co-star, Fred MacMurray.
She was a fan of Objectivist author Ayn Rand, having persuaded Jack L. Warner at Warner Bros. to buy the rights to The Fountainhead before it was a best-seller, and writing to the author of her admiration of Atlas Shrugged.
Stanwyck was originally a Protestant, and was baptized in June 1916 by the Reverend J. Frederic Berg of the Protestant Dutch Reformed Church. She later converted to Roman Catholicism when she married her first husband, Frank Fay.
Her older brother, Malcolm Byron Stevens (1905–1964), became an actor using the name Bert Stevens. He appeared mostly in supporting roles, often uncredited, and according to IMDb, he has 466 film and TV credits. He appeared in two films that starred Stanwyck: The File on Thelma Jordon and No Man of Her Own, both released in 1950. In 1934, he married actress Caryl Lincoln, remaining together until his death from a heart attack. They had one son, Brian.
Later years and death
Stanwyck's retirement years were active, with charity work outside the limelight. In 1981, she was awakened in the middle of the night, inside her home in the exclusive Trousdale section of Beverly Hills, by an intruder, who first hit her on the head with his flashlight, then forced her into a closet while he robbed her of $40,000 in jewels.
The following year, in 1982, while filming The Thorn Birds, the inhalation of special-effects smoke on the set may have caused her to contract bronchitis, which was compounded by her cigarette habit; she was a smoker from the age of nine until four years before her death.
Stanwyck died on January 20, 1990, aged 82, of congestive heart failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) at Saint John's Health Center in Santa Monica, California. She had indicated that she wanted no funeral service. In accordance with her wishes, her remains were cremated and the ashes scattered from a helicopter over Lone Pine, California, where she had made some of her western films.
- Broadway Nights (1927)
- The Locked Door (1929)
- Mexicali Rose (1929)
- Ladies of Leisure (1930)
- Illicit (1931)
- Ten Cents a Dance (1931)
- Night Nurse (1931)
- The Miracle Woman (1931)
- Forbidden (1932)
- Shopworn (1932)
- So Big (1932)
- The Purchase Price (1932)
- The Bitter Tea of General Yen (1933)
- Ladies They Talk About (1933)
- Baby Face (1933)
- Ever in My Heart (1933)
- Gambling Lady (1934)
- A Lost Lady (1934)
- The Secret Bride (1934)
- The Woman in Red (1935)
- Red Salute (1935)
- Annie Oakley (1935)
- A Message to Garcia (1936)
- The Bride Walks Out (1936)
- His Brother's Wife (1936)
- Banjo on My Knee (1936)
- The Plough and the Stars (1936)
- Internes Can't Take Money (1937)
- This Is My Affair (1937)
- Stella Dallas (1937)
- Breakfast for Two (1937)
- Always Goodbye (1938)
- The Mad Miss Manton (1938)
- Union Pacific (1939)
- Golden Boy (1939)
- Remember the Night (1940)
- The Lady Eve (1941)
- Meet John Doe (1941)
- You Belong to Me (1941)
- Ball of Fire (1941)
- The Great Man's Lady (1942)
- The Gay Sisters (1942)
- Lady of Burlesque (1943)
- Flesh and Fantasy (1943)
- Double Indemnity (1944)
- Hollywood Canteen (1944)
- Christmas in Connecticut (1945)
- My Reputation (1946)
- The Bride Wore Boots (1946)
- The Strange Love of Martha Ivers (1946)
- California (1947)
- The Two Mrs. Carrolls (1947)
- The Other Love (1947)
- Cry Wolf (1947)
- Variety Girl (1947)
- B.F.'s Daughter (1948)
- Sorry, Wrong Number (1948)
- The Lady Gambles (1949)
- East Side, West Side (1949)
- The File on Thelma Jordon (1950)
- No Man of Her Own (1950)
- The Furies (1950)
- To Please a Lady (1950)
- The Man with a Cloak (1951)
- Clash by Night (1952)
- Jeopardy (1953)
- Titanic (1953)
- All I Desire (1953)
- The Moonlighter (1953)
- Blowing Wild (1953)
- Witness to Murder (1954)
- Executive Suite (1954)
- Cattle Queen of Montana (1954)
- The Violent Men (1955)
- Escape to Burma (1955)
- There's Always Tomorrow (1956)
- The Maverick Queen (1956)
- These Wilder Years (1956)
- Crime of Passion (1957)
- Trooper Hook (1957)
- Forty Guns (1957)
- Walk on the Wild Side (1962)
- Roustabout (1964)
- The Night Walker (1964)
- Calhoun: County Agent (unaired 1964 TV movie)
- The House That Would Not Die (1970 TV movie)
- A Taste of Evil (1971 TV movie)
- The Letters (1973 TV movie)
- The Thorn Birds (1983 TV miniseries)
- 1936: Lux Radio Theatre; Main Street w/ Fred MacMurray
- 1937: Lux Radio Theatre; Stella Dallas w/ John Boles
- 1937: Lux Radio Theatre; These Three w/ Errol Flynn
- 1938: Lux Radio Theatre; Dark Victory w/ Melvyn Douglas
- 1938: Lux Radio Theatre; Morning Glory w/ Ralph Bellamy
- 1939: Lux Radio Theatre; So Big w/ Preston Foster
- 1939: Lux Radio Theatre; Wuthering Heights w/ Brian Aherne
- 1939: Lux Radio Theatre; Only Yesterday w/ George Brent
- 1940: Lux Radio Theatre; Remember the Night w/ Fred MacMurray
- 1940: Lux Radio Theatre; Smilin' Through w/ Robert Taylor
- 1942: Lux Radio Theatre; The Lady Eve w/ Ray Milland
- 1942: Lux Radio Theatre; Penny Serenade w/ Robert Taylor
- 1942: Lux Radio Theatre; Ball of Fire w/ Fred MacMurray
- 1942: Lux Radio Theatre; This Above All w/ Tyrone Power
- 1942: Lux Radio Theatre; The Gay Sisters w/ Robert Young
- 1943: Lux Radio Theatre; The Great Man's Lady w/ Joseph Cotten
- 1947: Lux Radio Theatre; My Reputation w/ George Brent
- 1947: Lux Radio Theatre; The Other Love w/ George Brent
- 1950: Lux Radio Theatre; Sorry, Wrong Number w/ Burt Lancaster
- 1950: Lux Radio Theatre; Double Indemnity w/ Fred MacMurray
- 1950: Lux Radio Theatre; B.F.'s Daughter w/ Stewart Granger
- 1952: Lux Radio Theatre; Goodbye My Fancy w/ Robert Young
- 1952: Hollywood Sound Stage; Dark Victory
- 1952: Theatre Guild on the Air; Portrait in Black
- 1954: Lux Radio Theatre; Jeopardy w/ Barry Sullivan
Awards and nominations
|1938||Academy Awards||Best Actress in a Leading Role||Stella Dallas||Nominated|||
|1942||Academy Awards||Best Actress in a Leading Role||Ball of Fire||Nominated|||
|1945||Academy Awards||Best Actress in a Leading Role||Double Indemnity||Nominated|||
|1949||Academy Awards||Best Actress in a Leading Role||Sorry, Wrong Number||Nominated|||
|1960||Hollywood Walk of Fame||Motion Pictures, 1751 Vine Street||Won|||
|1961||Emmy Awards||Outstanding Performance by an Actress in a Series||The Barbara Stanwyck Show||Won|||
|1966||Emmy Awards||Outstanding Continued Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role||The Big Valley||Won|||
|1966||Golden Globe Awards||Best TV Star – Female||The Big Valley||Nominated|||
|1967||Emmy Awards||Outstanding Continued Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role||The Big Valley||Nominated|||
|1967||Golden Globe Awards||Best TV Star – Female||The Big Valley||Nominated|||
|1967||Screen Actors Guild||Life Achievement||Won|||
|1968||Emmy Awards||Outstanding Continued Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role||The Big Valley||Nominated|||
|1968||Golden Globe Awards||Best TV Star – Female||The Big Valley||Nominated|||
|1973||Hall of Great Western Performers
Cowboy Hall of Fame Oklahoma City
|Lifetime Achievement Award Performer||Won|||
|1981||Film Society of Lincoln Center Gala Tribute||Won|||
|1981||Los Angeles Film Critics Association||Career Achievement||Won|||
|1982||Academy Awards||Honorary Award||Won|||
|1983||Emmy Awards||Outstanding Lead Actress in a Limited Series||The Thorn Birds||Won|||
|1984||Golden Globe Awards||Best Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role||The Thorn Birds||Won|||
|1986||Golden Globe Awards||Cecil B. DeMille Award||Won|||
|1987||American Film Institute||Life Achievement||Won|||
- Ruby attended various public schools in Brooklyn, where she received uniformly poor grades and routinely picked fights with the other students.
- Thomson, David (2014). The New Biographical Dictionary of Film. Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 9780375711848.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Stars". Archived from the original on October 20, 2006. Retrieved October 23, 2006. American Film Institute; retrieved November 17, 2011.
- Basinger, Jeanine, The Star Machine, Knopf, 2007, p. 371
- Callahan 2012, pp. 5–6.
- "Ruby Catherine Stevens "Barbara Stanwyck." Rootsweb; retrieved April 17, 2012.
- Madsen 1994, p. 8.
- Callahan 2012, p. 6.
- Madsen 1994, p. 9.
- Mildred G. Smith: New York, New York City Municipal Deaths, May 7, 1931
- Nassour and Snowberger 2000.[page needed]
- Madsen 1994, p. 10.
- Madsen 1994, p. 12.
- Callahan 2012, p. 222.
- Prono 2008, p. 240.
- Madsen 1994, p. 11.
- Madsen 1994, pp. 11–12.
- Madsen 1994, pp. 12–13.
- Madsen 1994, p. 13.
- Callahan 2012, p. 9.
- Prono 2008, p. 241.
- Madsen 1994, pp. 17–18.
- Madsen 1994, p. 21.
- Madsen 1994, p. 22.
- Wayne 2009, p. 17.
- Madsen 1994, p. 26.
- Madsen 1994, p. 25.
- Wilson, Victoria (2015-11-24). A Life of Barbara Stanwyck: Steel-True 1907-1940. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 9781439194065.
- Smith 1985, p. 8.
- Hopkins 1937[page needed]
- "Barbara Stanwyck." Archived 2007-10-17 at the Wayback Machine Arabella-and-co.com. Retrieved: June 19, 2012.
- Wayne 2009, p. 20.
- Pomerance, Murray (2006). Cinema and Modernity. Rutgers University Press. ISBN 978-0-8135-3816-7.
- Rafferty, Terrence (2007-04-22). "Barbara Stanwyck - Movies". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-11-18.
- Beifuss, John. "A Century of Stanwyck." Archived June 15, 2011, at the Wayback Machine The Commercial Appeal (Memphis, Tennessee), July 16, 2007.
- Schneider, Steven Jay, Ed. (London, 2003). "1000 Movies You Must See Before You Die", Quintessence Editions Limited, pg. 141
- Michael Gebert, The Encyclopedia of Movie Awards, St. Martin's Paperbacks, New York, 1996, pg. 102.
- Bradshaw, Peter (2019-02-14). "The Lady Eve review – card sharp Barbara Stanwyck steals the show". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2019-11-18.
- "Time Magazine's All-Time 100 Movies". Time. Internet Archive. February 12, 2005. Archived from the original on June 28, 2011. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
- "Entertainment Weekly's 100 Greatest Movies of All Time". Entertainment Weekly. Published by AMC FilmSite.org. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs" (PDF). American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-08-06.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs" (PDF). American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-08-06.
- Armstrong, Richard (2015-09-01). Billy Wilder, American Film Realist. McFarland. ISBN 978-1-4766-0653-8.
- Phillips, Gene D. (2010-07-01). Some Like It Wilder: The Life and Controversial Films of Billy Wilder. University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 978-0-8131-3951-7.
- Michael Gebert, The Encyclopedia of Movie Awards, St. Martin's Paperbacks, New York, 1996, pg. 114.
- Shipman, David (1982). The Great Movie Stars. Angus & Robertson. p. 514. ISBN 978-0207147951.
- Hannsberry 2009, p. 3.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Thrillers" (PDF). American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-08-06.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Passions" (PDF). American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-08-06.
- Lane, Anthony (2007-04-23). "Lady Be Good". ISSN 0028-792X. Retrieved 2019-11-16.
- Callahan, Dan (2012-02-03). Barbara Stanwyck: The Miracle Woman. Univ. Press of Mississippi. p. 151. ISBN 9781617031847.
strange love of martha ivers.
- Staff, Variety; Staff, Variety (1948-01-01). "Sorry, Wrong Number". Variety. Retrieved 2020-02-22.
- "Overview: 'The Other Love' (1947)." Turner Classic movies. Retrieved: October 27, 2014.
- Kael, Pauline. "Quotation of review of the film Ladies of Leisure." 5001 Nights At The Movies, 1991, p. 403.
- Eyman, Scott. "The Lady Stanwyck". The Palm Beach Post (Florida), July 15, 2007, p. 1J. Retrieved via Access World News: June 16, 2009.
- "Barbara Stanwyck: Forty Guns". TCM.com. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
- "Hollywood Stuntmen's Hall of Fame". stuntmen.org. Retrieved 7 April 2017.
- Capua 2009, p. 165.
- "Trail to Nowhere", full episode of Dick Powell's Zane Grey Theatre guest-starring Barbara Stanwyck, S03E01, originally broadcast October 2, 1958. Episode uploaded or "published" September 21, 2018, by RocSoc Classic TV on YouTube, a subsidiary of Alphabet, Inc., Mountain View, California. Retrieved December 14, 2018.
- "Trail to Nowhere", Zane Grey Theatre, episode guide (S03E01). TV Guide, CBS Interactive, Inc., New York, N.Y. Retrieved December 14, 2018.
- Lane, Anthony. "Lady Be Good". The New Yorker. Retrieved 2020-01-24.
- Bawden, James; Miller, Ron (2016-03-04). Conversations with Classic Film Stars: Interviews from Hollywood's Golden Era. University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 978-0-8131-6712-1.
- Madsen 1994, p. 27.
- Madsen 1994, p. 32.
- Wilson 2013, p. 51.
- Wayne 2009, p. 37.
- Callahan 2012, pp. 36, 38.
- Prono 2008, p. 242.
- Callahan 2012, p. 85.
- Corliss, Richard. "That Old Feelin': Ruby in the Rough." Time magazine, August 12, 2001.
- "Anthony Dion Fay Memorial". Find a Grave. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
- Callahan 2012, p. 75.
- Wayne 2009, p. 76.
- "The 10 most expensive homes in the US: 2005." Forbes (2005); retrieved November 17, 2011.
- Wayne 2009, p. 87.
- Callahan 2012, pp. 87, 164.
- Callahan 2012, p. 77.
- "What Would Barbara Stanwyck Do?". www.dametown.com. Retrieved 2018-05-17.
- "The Lady Eve". Classic for a Reason. 2017-03-28. Retrieved 2018-05-17.
- Wayne 2009, pp. 146, 166.
- King, Susan. "Wagner Memoir Tells of Wood Death, Stanwyck Affair." San Jose Mercury News (California) October 5, 2008, p. 6D. Retrieved: via Access World News: June 16, 2009.
- Wagner and Eyman 2008, p. 64.
- Granger and Calhoun 2007, p. 131.
- Callahan 2012, p. 163.
- Wayne 2009, p. 166.
- Wilson 2013, p. 266.
- Ross 2011, p. 108.
- Wilson 2013, p. 858.
- Frost 2011, p. 127.
- Diorio 1984, p. 202.
- Metzger 1989, p. 27.
- Peikoff 1997, pp. 403, 497.
- Wilson 2013, p. 23.
- Wilson 2013, p. 123.
- Bert Stevens (Stanwyck's brother) at IMDb
- Stark, John (November 25, 1985). "Ball of Fire: Barbara Stanwyck". People. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
- Stark, John (February 5, 1990). "Barbara Stanwyck, 'A Stand-Up Dame'". People.com. Retrieved December 24, 2010.
- Flint, Peter B. (January 22, 1990). "Barbara Stanwyck, Actress, Dead at 82". The New York Times. p. D11. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
- Callahan (2012), p. 220.
- Wilson, Scott. Resting Places: The Burial Sites of More Than 14,000 Famous Persons, 3d ed.: 2 (Kindle Location 44716). McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers.
- "Barbara Stanwyck Filmography." American Film Institute. Retrieved: August 14, 2014.
- Wilson 2013, pp. 869–887.
- Kirby, Walter. "Better Radio Programs for the Week." The Decatur Daily Review (via Newspapers.com), March 2, 1952, p. 42. Retrieved: May 28, 2015.
- "Barbara Stanwyck Awards." The New York Times. Retrieved: August 15, 2014.
- "Barbara Stanwyck." Hollywood Walk of Fame. Retrieved: August 15, 2014.
- "Barbara Stanwyck Awards." Classic Movie People. Retrieved: August 15, 2014.
- "Barbara Stanwyck." Golden Globes. Retrieved: August 15, 2014.
- "4th Life Achievement Recipient, 1966 ." Screen Actors Guild Awards. Retrieved: August 15, 2014.
- "Great Western Performers." National Cowboy Museum. Retrieved: August 15, 2014.
- "Barbara Stanwyck Awards." AllMovie. Retrieved: August 15, 2014.
- "15th AFI Life Achievement Award." American Film Institute. Retrieved: August 15, 2014.
- Bachardy, Don. Stars in My Eyes. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2000. ISBN 0-299-16730-5.
- Balio, Tino. Grand design: Hollywood as a Modern Business Enterprise, 1930–1939. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995. ISBN 0-520-20334-8.
- Bosworth, Patricia. Jane Fonda: The Private Life of a Public Woman. New York: Houghton, Mifflin, Harcourt, 2011. ISBN 978-0-547-15257-8.
- Callahan, Dan. Barbara Stanwyck: The Miracle Woman. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2012. ISBN 978-1-61703-183-0.
- Capua, Michelangelo. William Holden: A Biography. Jefferson, NC: McFarland Press, 2010. ISBN 978-0-7864-4440-3.
- Carman, Emily (2015). Independent Stardom: Freelance Women in the Hollywood Studio System. University of Texas Press. ISBN 978-1477307816.
- Chierichetti, David and Edith Head. Edith Head: The Life and Times of Hollywood's Celebrated Costume Designer. New York: HarperCollins, 2003. ISBN 0-06-056740-6.
- Diorio, Al. Barbara Stanwyck: A Biography. New York: Coward, McCann, 1984. ISBN 978-0-698-11247-6.
- Frost, Jennifer. Hedda Hopper's Hollywood: Celebrity Gossip and American Conservatism. New York: NYU Press, 2011. ISBN 978-0-81472-823-9.
- Granger, Farley and Robert Calhoun. Include Me Out: My Life from Goldwyn to Broadway. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2007. ISBN 978-0-312-35773-3.
- Hall, Dennis. American Icons: An Encyclopedia of the People, Places, and Things that have Shaped our Culture. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group, 2006. ISBN 0-275-98429-X.
- Hannsberry, Karen Burroughs. Femme Noir: Bad Girls of Film. Jefferson, NC: McFarland Press, 2009. ISBN 978-0-7864-4682-7.
- Hirsch, Foster. The Dark Side of the Screen: Film Noir. New York: Da Capo Press, 2008. ISBN 0-306-81772-1.
- Hopkins, Arthur. To a Lonely Boy. New York: Doubleday, Doran & Co., First edition 1937.
- Kael, Pauline. 5001 Nights At The Movies. New York: Henry Holt, 1991. ISBN 978-0-8050-1367-2.
- Lesser, Wendy. His Other Half: Men Looking at Women Through Art. Boston: Harvard University Press, 1992. ISBN 0-674-39211-6.
- Madsen, Axel. Stanwyck: A Biography. New York: HarperCollins, 1994. ISBN 0-06-017997-X.
- Metzger, Robert P. Reagan: American Icon. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1989. ISBN 978-0-8122-1302-7.
- Muller, Eddie. Dark City: The Lost World of Film Noir. New York: St. Martin's Griffin, 1998. ISBN 0-312-18076-4.
- Nassour, Ellis and Beth A. Snowberger. "Stanwyck, Barbara". American National Biography Online (subscription only), February 2000. Retrieved: July 1, 2009.
- Peikoff, Leonard. Letters of Ayn Rand. New York: Plume, 1997. ISBN 978-0-452-27404-4.
- "The Rumble: An Off-the-Ball Look at Your Favorite Sports Celebrities." New York Post, December 31, 2006. Retrieved: June 16, 2009.
- Ross, Steven J. Hollywood Left and Right: How Movie Stars Shaped American Politics. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2011. ISBN 978-0-19997-553-2.
- Schackel, Sandra. "Barbara Stanwyck: Uncommon Heroine." Back in the Saddle: Essays on Western Film and Television Actors. Jefferson, NC: McFarland Publishing, 1998. ISBN 0-7864-0566-X.
- Smith, Ella. Starring Miss Barbara Stanwyck. New York: Random House, 1985. ISBN 978-0-517-55695-5.
- Thomson, David. Gary Cooper (Great Stars). New York: Faber & Faber, 2010. ISBN 978-0-86547-932-6.
- Wagner, Robert and Scott Eyman. Pieces of My Heart: A Life. New York: HarperEntertainment, 2008. ISBN 978-0-06-137331-2.
- Wayne, Jane. Life and Loves of Barbara Stanwyck. London: JR Books Ltd, 2009. ISBN 978-1-906217-94-5.
- Wilson, Victoria. A Life of Barbara Stanwyck: Steel-True 1907–1940. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2013. ISBN 978-0-684-83168-8.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Barbara Stanwyck.|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Barbara Stanwyck|
- Barbara Stanwyck on IMDb
- Barbara Stanwyck at the TCM Movie Database
- Barbara Stanwyck at AllMovie
- Barbara Stanwyck at the Internet Broadway Database
- video: on YouTube
- Barbara Stanwyck at Virtual History
- That Old Feeling: Ruby in the Rough and The Four Phases of Eve by Richard Corliss for Time Magazine, 2001
- Saluting Stanwyck: A Life On Film Los Angeles Times, 1987
- Lady Be Good – A centenary season of Barbara Stanwyck by Anthony Lane for The New Yorker, 2007