Baltasar Lopes da Silva
Baltasar Lopes da Silva on a 500 Capeverdean escudo note issued between 1992 and 2000
|Died||28 May 1989 (aged 82)|
|Region||Lusophone African philosophy; Independence Movement|
|Ethics, Humanity, Justice, Love, Politics, philosophy|
Baltasar Lopes da Silva (Caleijão, São Nicolau, 23 April 1907 - Lisbon, Portugal, 28 May 1989) was a writer, poet and linguist from Cape Verde, who wrote in both Portuguese and Cape Verdean Creole. With Manuel Lopes and Jorge Barbosa, he was the founder of Claridade. In 1947 he published Chiquinho, considered the greatest Cape Verdean novel and O dialecto crioulo de Cabo Verde which describes different dialects of creoles of Cape Verde. He sometimes wrote under the pseudonym Osvaldo Alcântara.
Ressaca, his work of poems can be found on the CD Poesia de Cabo Verde e Sete Poemas de Sebastião da Gama by Afonso Dias.
Baltasar Lopes da Silva was born in the village of Calejão on the island of São Nicolau in Cape Verde on April 23, 1907. He attended the seminary in Ribeira Brava in his native island. He later headed to Portugal and studied at the University of Lisbon. When he was at Lisbon, Baltasar Lopes studied with the most important writers and authors of the Portuguese culture including Vitorino Nemésio and Luís da Câmara Reis. He graduated with degrees in Law and Romance Philology,:278 he was one of the excellent students at the university. Afterwards, he returned to Cape Verde and was professor at Liceu Gil Eanes in Mindelo, São Vicente island, for a few years, he was also the lyceum's rector. He returned to Portugal again and educated in Leiria for a short time, during the difficulties of relationship with Portuguese politics that occurred that time, he returned to Cape Verde where he continued his education and advocacy. His last days were spent in Lisbon, where he was transferred for treatment of a cerebrovascular disease and died shortly afterwards on May 28, 1989.
Baltasar Lopes, with the collaboration of other writers, such as Manuel Lopes, Manuel Ferreira, António Aurélio Gonçalves, Francisco José Tenreiro, Jorge Barbosa, and Daniel Filipe, founded the Cape Verdean journal Claridade in 1936. Claridade published essays, poems, and short stories. Its contributors wrote about the problems of their society, such as drought, famine, and emigration, bringing clarity to the study of Cape Verdean reality, especially with regard to the most disadvantaged social groups.
In 1947, Lopes published his first book, the novel Chiquinho. Chiquinho describes in detail the customs, people, landscapes, and social problems of Cape Verde in early twentieth century. It is a coming-of-age novel about the people of Cape Verde and the step that many Cape Verdeans had to take to achieve a better life: emigration. The novel is organized into three parts:
- 1. "Childhood" (Infância), in which the protagonist Chiquinho lives with his family and community in the village of Caleijão on the island of São Nicolau and learns his first letters.
- 2. "São Vicente," in which Chiquinho continues his education in high school on the island of São Vicente, where he meets new friends and his first love Nuninha. Chiquinho and his classmates found the Grémio, an association and a journal that is very similar to Claridade, in the sense that it attempts to change the social environment of the archipelago.
- 3. "The Waters" (As Águas), the third and final part of the novel, in which Chiquinho returns to his island and becomes a teacher. This part is focused on the calamity of drought, a major problem in Cape Verde, which results in famine and many deaths. At the end of the novel, Chiquinho emigrates to the United States with the hope of a better life.
- Chiquinho (1947)
- A Caderneta
- Cabo Verde visto por Gilberto Freyre [Cape Verde Visited by Gilberto Freyre] (1956)
- O dialecto crioulo de Cabo Verde, a description of the Cape Verdean creole language (1957).
- Antologia da Ficção Cabo-Verdiana Contemporânea [Contemporary Anthology of Cape Verdean Fiction] (1961)
- Cântico da Manhã Futura (1986), volume of poetry published under the name Osvaldo Alcântara
- Os Trabalhos e os Dias (short stories, 1987)
- Sousa, Lima (25 March 2007). "O centenário da Claridade em São Vicente" [The 100th Anniversary of Claridade in São Vicente]. A Semana.
- ""Chiquinho" é "obra fundadora da literatura cabo-verdiana" ["Chiquinho" is "founding work of the Cape Verdean literature"]. Diário de Noticias. 22 April 2010.
- "Objectos do quotidiano de Cabo Verde mostram-se em Lisboa na "Casa Fernando Pessoa". A Semana. 25 June 2007.
- Gerard, Albert (1986). European-language Writing in Sub-Saharan Africa. John Benjamins Publishing.
- "DR.Baltasar Lopes Da Silva " considerações "". Retrieved November 8, 2016.
- "Baltasar Lopes da Silva - April 23, 1907 - May 28, 1989". RTC. Retrieved November 8, 2016.
- "Chiquinho and Baltasar: Mark of Cape Verde's literature". Retrieved November 8, 2016.
- "Cabo Verde visto por Gilberto Freyre : apontamentos lidos ao microfone de Radio Barlavento". WorldCat. Retrieved November 12, 2016.
- "Antologia da ficção cabo-verdiana contemporânea". Retrieved November 12, 2016.
- Google (November 12, 2016). "Ave Baltazar Lopes da Silva" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved November 12, 2016.
- Leão Lopes Baltasar Lopes 1907-1989, University of Rennes 2, 2002, 3 volumes, pgs. 22, 151, 281 (doctorate thesis in Portuguese, published in 2011 )