|Born||1962 (age 56–57)|
|Known for||1992 arrest|
|Revised Romanization||Baek Tae-ung|
Baik Tae-Ung (born 1962) is Professor of Law at the University of Hawaii Manoa William S. Richardson School of Law in Honolulu, Hawaii. A leading academic authority on transitional justice, social movement, and human rights in Asia, he specializes in international human rights law and Korean law. Baik is a well-known former South Korean prisoner of conscience. In 2015, the United Nations Human Rights Council appointed him to the Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances.
Baik was born in Paju, Gyeonggido, and raised in Busan, South Korea. He graduated from Seoul National University College of Law in Seoul, South Korea, and he continued his legal studies at Notre Dame Law School in the United States, earning his Master (LL.M.) and Doctoral (JSD) degrees in International Human Rights Law.
Baik was a legal advisor for the South Korean Delegation in the 56th United Nations Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights and has worked for Human Rights Watch in New York as a legal adviser.
Prisoner of conscience
On April 29, 1992, the South Korean Agency for National Security and Planning arrested Baik for violating the National Security Law (NSL) for leading Sanomaeng, which it alleged was an anti-state organization. Under the NSL at the time, an anti-state organization was an "association or group within the territory of the Republic of Korea or outside of it, which has the structure of command and control, as organized for the purpose of assuming a title of the government or disturbing the State". In advance of Sanomaeng, the Agency alleged Baik to have "published and distributed over 20 printed documents about Sanomaeng, to have organized two attacks on police boxes, to have communicated with other Sanomaeng members and to have received money from them".
During his trial in July 1992 before the Seoul District Court, at which the Agency sought a death sentence, Baik told the court that following his arrest, he was interrogated for 22 days and subjected to various forms of abuse:
During the 22 days of ANSP interrogation, I was subjected to various types of torture such as sleep deprivation, drug injection and mob beating. Going through these rounds of torture I prepared myself for death three times . . .Five days before my [being sent to the prosecution], interrogators had this look on their faces that they had had enough of it, taking me to a special torture chamber. In the middle of the night investigators beat me for hours. They took turns in beating. Their demand was that complete silence was unacceptable.
Baik received a sentence of life imprisonment on 27 October 1992. Amnesty International quoted another report as stating that the judge wished for Baik to be "segregated from society indefinitely" for his refusal to accept the market economy mandated in the Constitution; however, his renunciation of violence had spared him the requested sentence of death. The High Court reduced Baik's sentence to 15 years' imprisonment on February 20, 1993.
After a campaign by Amnesty International and other civil society organizations for Baik's freedom, he was released in August 1998 from Wonju Correctional Institution in Wonju after six years and three months of imprisonment.
- "백태웅". JoongAng Ilbo. Retrieved 2013-10-25.
- "About Professor Tae-Ung Baik". About Professor Tae-Ung Baik. William S. Richardson School of Law. Retrieved 11 March 2012.
- "Appointments to be made at HRC29 (15 June - 3 July 2015)". www.ohchr.org. Retrieved 28 March 2016.
- "Tae-Ung Baik CV" (PDF). Tae-Ung Baik CV. University of British Columbia Faculty of Law. Retrieved 11 March 2012.[permanent dead link]
- "Professor Tae-Ung Baik". Professor Tae-Ung Baik. University of British Columbia Faculty of Law. Archived from the original on 29 November 2012. Retrieved 11 March 2012.
- "Tae-Ung Baik: "Criminal Process In The Democratic People's Republic of Korea"" (PDF). Tae-Ung Baik: "Criminal Process In The Democratic People's Republic of Korea". University of Washington Jackson School of International Studies. Retrieved 11 March 2012.
- "Lawyer Tae-Ung Baik". Lawyer Tae-Ung Baik. Justia Legal Services & Lawyers. Retrieved 11 March 2012.
- Powell, Alvin. "Refugees give glimpse of human rights, prisons in North Korea". Harvard Gazette. Retrieved 11 March 2012.
- "Through prison, illness and revolution, activist keeps marching". Through prison, illness and revolution, activist keeps marching. The Hankyoreh. Retrieved 3 April 2012.
- "Tae-Ung Baik Prisoner of Conscience". Tae-Ung Baik Prisoner of Conscience. Amnesty International. Retrieved 11 March 2012.
- "Amnesty International Report 1997 - South Korea". Amnesty International Report 1997 - South Korea. UNHRC. Archived from the original on 16 April 2013. Retrieved 11 March 2012.
- "Law Faculty Members To Be Honored For Authoring Groundbreaking Books". Hawaii Reporter. 17 October 2012. Retrieved 29 December 2012.