The backblast area is a cone-shaped area behind a rocket launcher, rocket-assisted takeoff unit or recoilless rifle, where hot gases are expelled when the rocket or rifle is discharged. The backblast area is dangerous to ground personnel, who may be burned by the gases or exposed to overpressure caused by the explosion. In confined spaces, common in urban warfare, even the operators themselves may be at risk due to deflection of backblast by walls or sturdier civilian vehicles behind them.
Soft launch methods diminish backblast by ejecting the projectile some distance before its main rocket motor ignites. Backblast can also be reduced by adding a countermass that is expelled out the rear of the weapon. For example, the AT4-CS (confined space variant) uses saltwater, along with a lower-velocity projectile.
- Morris, Christopher G. (1992). Academic Press dictionary of science and technology. Gulf Professional Publishing. p. 202.
- Louison, Cole G. (2009). U.S. Army Zombie Combat Skills. Globe Pequot. p. 112.
- "Javelin—Close Combat Missile System, Medium, Field manual". Department of the Army. 20 March 2008. Archived from the original on 2011-07-20. Retrieved Sep 3, 2010.
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