|BMW M54 engine / S54 engine|
|Displacement||2.2–3.0 L (134–183 cu in)|
|Valvetrain||DOHC w/ VVT|
The BMW M54 is a naturally aspirated straight-6 petrol engine produced from 2000 to 2006. It was released in the E53 X5 and is the replacement for the M52 engine. The S54 is the equivalent high performance engine, used in the E46 M3, the Z3 M Coupé/Roadster and the E85 Z4 M. The BMW M56 SULEV engine (sold in several states of the United States) is based on the M54.
Compared with the final versions of its M52 predecessor (called the 'M52TU'), the M54 has a non-return fuel system, a fully electronic throttle (without mechanical backup), Siemens MS 43 engine management, a revised intake manifold and the North American engines no longer use an iron block. The displacement of the largest variant increased from 2.8 L to 3.0 L (2,979 cc), due to an increase in stroke to 89.6 mm (3.53 in).
As per the M52TU, the M54 uses an aluminium block and aluminium cylinder head with cast iron cylinder liners. Variable valve timing is fitted to both camshafts (called "double-VANOS"), a dual length intake manifold (called "DISA") is used and the thermostat is electronically controlled. The redline remains at 6,500 rpm.
There was no "technical update" (TU) version of the M54 produced, therefore the engine specifications remained the same throughout its 7-year production run.
|M54B22||2,171 cc (132.5 cu in)||125 kW (170 PS; 168 hp)
at 6,100 rpm
|210 N⋅m (155 lb⋅ft)
at 3,500 rpm
|M54B25||2,494 cc (152.2 cu in)||141 kW (192 PS; 189 hp)
at 6,000 rpm
|245 N⋅m (181 lb⋅ft)
at 3,500 rpm
|M54B30||2,979 cc (181.8 cu in)||170 kW (231 PS; 228 hp)
at 5,900 rpm
|300 N⋅m (221 lb⋅ft)
at 3,500 rpm
|S54B32||3,246 cc (198.1 cu in)||256 kW (348 PS; 343 hp)
at 7,900 rpm
|365 N⋅m (269 lb⋅ft)
at 4,900 rpm
- 2000–2006 E46 320i, 320Ci
- 2000–2003 E39 520i
- 2000–2002 E36/7 Z3 2.2i
- 2003–2005 E85 Z4 2.2i
- 2003–2005 E60/E61 520i
The 2,494 cc (152.2 cu in) M54B25 produces 141 kW (189 hp) at 6,000 rpm and 245 N⋅m (181 lb⋅ft) at 3,500 rpm. Bore is 84 mm (3.3 in), stroke is 75 mm (3.0 in) and the compression ratio is 10.5:1.
- 2000–2002 E36/7 Z3 2.5i
- 2000–2006 E46 325i, 325xi, 325Ci
- 2000–2004 E46/5 325ti
- 2000–2004 E39 525i
- 2003–2005 E60/E61 525i, 525xi
- 2003–2006 E83 X3 2.5i
- 2002–2005 E85 Z4 2.5i
The 2,979 cc (181.8 cu in) M54B30 is the largest M54 variant and produces 170 kW (228 hp) at 5,900 rpm and 300 N⋅m (221 lb⋅ft) at 3,500 rpm. Bore is 84 mm (3.3 in), stroke is 89.6 mm (3.5 in) and the compression ratio is 10.2:1.
In the United States and Canada, a "ZHP" version of the M54B30 used different camshafts and reprogrammed engine management to develop 175 kW (235 hp) at 5,900 rpm and 301 N⋅m (222 lb⋅ft) at 3,500 rpm and have a slightly higher redline of 6,800 rpm (although the Canadian cars still show the limiter at 6,500 rpm on the tachometer).
- 2000–2006 E46 330i, 330xi, 330Ci
- 2000–2004 E39 530i
- 2000–2002 E36/7 Z3 3.0i
- 2003–2005 E60 530i
- 2002–2005 E85 Z4 3.0i
- 2003–2006 E83 X3 3.0i
- 2000–2006 E53 X5 3.0i
- 2002–2005 E65/E66 730i, 730Li
- 2000–2002 Wiesmann MF 30
|BMW S54 engine|
|Displacement||3.25 L (198 cu in)|
|Block material||Cast iron|
|Valvetrain||DOHC w/ VVT|
The S54 was marketed as the high performance equivalent to the M54, however it is actually more an evolution of the BMW S50 and shares few parts with the M54. As per the S50, the engine block is made of cast iron (unlike the aluminium engine block used by the M54). Redline is 8,000 rpm.
- Bore increased to 87 mm (3.43 in), resulting in a displacement of 3,246 cc (198.1 cu in)
- Revised camshafts with variable valve timing (called "VANOS" by BMW) now also used on the exhaust camshaft
- Finger follower valve actuation instead of bucket-style tappets.
- Compression ratio increased from 11.3:1 to 11.5:1
- Siemens MSS 54 Engine control unit
- Electronic throttle control
- Scavenging oil pump (to avoid oil starvation during cornering; this was also present on the S50B30 of the E36 M3 GT and the S50B32, but not the regular S50B30)
There is no direct successor to the S54, since the following generation of M3 is powered by the BMW S65 V8 engine.
Variations in power and torque outputs are often due to country-specific emissions regulations, or space constraints of a chassis affecting the layout of the intake/exhaust system.
- 2000–2006 E46 M3 — produces 252 kW (338 hp) at 7,900 rpm and 365 N⋅m (269 lb⋅ft) at 4,900 rpm. Models for the United States and Canada produce 248 kW (333 hp) and 355 N⋅m (262 lb⋅ft).
- 2000–2002 E36/7 M Roadster, E36/8 M Coupe — produces 239 kW (321 hp) and 354 N⋅m (261 lb⋅ft). Models for the United States and Canada produce 235 kW (315 hp) and 341 N⋅m (252 lb⋅ft).
- 2002–2011 Wiesmann MF 3 Roadster — produces 256 kW (343 hp) and 365 N⋅m (269 lb⋅ft).
- 2006–2008 E85 Z4 M Roadster, E86 M Coupe — produces 252 kW (338 hp) and 365 N⋅m (269 lb⋅ft). Models for the United States and Canada produce 246 kW (330 hp) and 355 N⋅m (262 lb⋅ft).
An upgraded version of the S54 engine was used in the E46 M3 CSL. This engine is designated S54B32HP and the changes include a revised intake made from carbon fiber, revised camshafts, a MAP sensor (instead of the MAF sensor used in the regular S54), a lightweight exhaust manifold with a straighter air path (which later became standard on the regular S54) and a straightened intake manifold.
- 2003 E46 M3 CSL 265 kW (355 bhp), 370 N⋅m (273 lb⋅ft)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to BMW M54.|
- "Bmw m54 Engine". www.scribd.com. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
- John G.Burns. "The UnixNerd's Domain - BMW M50 M52 M54 Engines". www.unixnerd.demon.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-07-17.
- "BMW World - M54 Engine". www.usautoparts.net. Archived from the original on 15 November 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2017.
- "BMW M54 and S54 engines". www.australiancar.reviews. Retrieved 10 October 2017.
- "The BMW Six Cylinder Guide". www.autospeed.com. Archived from the original on 29 March 2012. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
- "Information on M54 engines". www.bmwheaven.com. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
- "BMW M54B30 Engine". www.mywikimotors.com. Archived from the original on 27 October 2017. Retrieved 17 October 2017.
- "BMW 330i with Performance Package - Road Test - Car Reviews". www.caranddriver.com. Retrieved 17 July 2016.
- "Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) About the BMW E46 330 ZHP Performance Package Option". www.zhpmafia.com. Retrieved 17 July 2016.
- "10 Best Engines". www.wardsauto.com. Retrieved 17 July 2016.
- "FAQ E46 M3". www.bmwmregistry.com. Retrieved 19 October 2017.
- "BMW S54 Engine". www.mywikimotors.com. Archived from the original on 12 October 2017. Retrieved 19 October 2017.
- "Jalopnik: 'Dear BMW, Why Did You Retire the S54B32 Engine?'". www.bmwblog.com. Retrieved 19 October 2017.
- "BMW YouTube channel - The BMW M3 (E46) film. Everything about the third generation BMW M3". www.youtube.com. Retrieved 19 October 2017.
- Adams, Lawrence. "Official: Wiesmann Roadster MF3 Final Edition by Sieger". www.gtspirit.com. Retrieved 17 July 2016.
- "BMW M3 CSL Performance". www.automobilemag.com. Archived from the original on 4 June 2009. Retrieved 10 July 2009.