|BMW 3 Series Compact|
|Body and chassis|
|Class||Subcompact executive car (C)|
|Body style||3-door hatchback|
|Successor||BMW 1 Series|
The launch models were powered by four-cylinder petrol engines, with the range expanded over the years to include a four-cylinder compressed natural gas engine, four-cylinder diesel engines and six-cylinder petrol engines. Unlike most hatchback competitors, the 3 Series Compact uses rear-wheel drive (instead of front-wheel drive).
|Body and chassis|
|Platform||BMW 3 Series (E36)|
|Wheelbase||2,700 mm (106.3 in)|
|Length||4,210 mm (165.7 in)|
|Width||1,698 mm (66.9 in)|
|Height||1,393 mm (54.8 in)|
|Curb weight||1,175 kg (2,590 lb)−1,290 kg (2,844 lb)|
Launched in 1993, the E36 3 Series Compact (model code E36/5), was BMW's first hatchback since the 2002 Touring model was discontinued in 1974.
From the front bumper to the A-pillar, the E36/5 is identical to the E36 saloon. From the A-pillar rearwards, the E36/5 is unique from others in the E36 range. Although the overall length of the E36/5 is approximately 200 millimetres (7.9 in) shorter than the rest of the E36 3 Series range, the length of the wheelbase is the same.
The front suspension uses the E36's MacPherson strut design, while the rear suspension uses a semi-trailing arm from the previous generation E30 models (instead of the Z-Axle multi-link suspension used by the rest of the E36 range). This rear suspension arrangement - which is also used on the Z3 - is more compact and cheaper to produce. Some reviewers believe that this arrangement causes the E36/5 handling to be prone to oversteer.
|Name||Power||Torque||Engine||Acceleration 0-100 km/h (62 mph) (seconds)||Top speed||Years|
|316i||75 kW (101 hp) at 5,500 rpm||150 N⋅m (111 lb⋅ft) at 3,900 rpm||M43B16
|12.3||188 km/h (117 mph)||1994–1999|
|77 kW (103 hp) at 5,300 rpm||165 N⋅m (122 lb⋅ft) at 2,500 rpm||M43B19
|11.9||190 km/h (118 mph)||1999–2000|
|316g*||60 kW (80 hp) at 5,500 rpm||127 N⋅m (94 lb⋅ft) at 3,900 rpm||M43B16
|318ti||100 kW (134 hp) at 6,000 rpm||175 N⋅m (129 lb⋅ft) at 4,500 rpm||M42B18
|9.9||209 km/h (130 mph)||1994–1995|
|106 kW (142 hp) at 6,000 rpm||180 N⋅m (133 lb⋅ft) at 4,300 rpm||M44B19
|9.9||209 km/h (130 mph)||1995–1998|
|323ti||130 kW (174 hp) at 5,500 rpm||245 N⋅m (181 lb⋅ft) at 3,950 rpm||M52B25
|7.8||230 km/h (143 mph)||1997–2001|
|66 kW (89 hp) at 4,400 rpm||190 N⋅m (140 lbf⋅ft) at 2,000 rpm||M41D17
|13.9||175 km/h (109 mph)||1995–2001|
* Bivalent drive: The 316g can run either on gasoline or compressed natural gas(CNG). 75 kW (101 hp) when running on gasoline.
In 1996, to celebrate the 50th birthday of the German automobile magazine Auto, Motor und Sport, BMW M hand-built one M3 Compact. The car embodied all the technical and optical characteristics of the standard E36 M3, but in the compact body. Quad exhaust tips, Recaro sports seats, four-point seatbelts, an Alcantara steering wheel and gear lever were specific for this model.
North American models
In North America, the sole model available was the 318ti, initially powered by a DOHC 1.8 litre, 138��hp (103 kW; 140 PS) inline-four BMW M42 engine. In 1996, to make the car compliant with OBD-II, the M42 was replaced by the 1.9 litre M44 engine.
The E36 Compact was popular in its home market in Europe, which prompted BMW to market the car to North America in late 1994 (for the 1995 model year). BMW ceased import of the BMW Compact to North America in 1999 after a very short 4-year run due to a combination of poor sales, and BMW's decision to phase out all 4-cylinder vehicles in the United States. The failure of the E36 Compact precluded the E46 Compact's entry into the North American market, and prompted BMW to reconfigure the BMW Compact's successor, the BMW 1 Series, from a liftback to a coupe before attempting to market the car in North America again.
The total production for 1993 to 1999 (ie excluding 2000, the final year of production) is 371,498.
|Body and chassis|
|Platform||BMW 3 Series (E46)|
|Wheelbase||2,725 mm (107.3 in)|
|Length||4,260 mm (167.7 in)|
|Width||1,751 mm (68.9 in)|
|Height||1,408 mm (55.4 in)|
|Curb weight||1,300 kg (2,866 lb)−1,405 kg (3,097 lb)|
In 2000, the 3 Series Compact was redesigned using the then-new E46 platform. This updated Compact has the model code E46/5.
As per the rest of the E46 range, the wheelbase was increased by 25 mm (1.0 in). The overall length is also increased by 52 mm (2.0 in).
The exterior styling has several differences to the rest of the E46 3 Series range, notably the distinctive headlights and tail-lights. Mechanically, the Compact shares many elements with the rest of the E46 range, however the steering rack has a faster ratio.
The E46/5 was not sold in North America as its predecessor didn't prove to be a sales success in that market.
Transmission options are mostly the same as the equivalent E46 coupe/sedan model.
|316ti||2002–2004||N40B16*||85 kW (114 hp) at 6,100 rpm||150 N⋅m (111 lbf⋅ft) at 4,300 rpm|
|2004||N45B16†||85 kW (114 hp) at 6,000 rpm|
|2001���2004||N42B18||85 kW (114 hp) at 5,600 rpm||175 N⋅m (129 lbf⋅ft) at 3,750 rpm|
|318ti||2001–2004||N42B20||105 kW (141 hp) at 6,000 rpm||200 N⋅m (148 lbf⋅ft) at 3,750 rpm|
|325ti||2001–2004||M54B25||141 kW (189 hp) at 6,000 rpm||245 N⋅m (181 lbf⋅ft) at 3,500 rpm|
* Used instead of the N42 engine in countries where vehicles tax charges favour smaller engines.
† Used instead of the N46 engine in countries where vehicles tax charges favour smaller engines.
|318td||2003–2004||M47D20||85 kW (114 hp) at 4,000 rpm||280 N⋅m (207 lbf⋅ft) at 1,750 rpm|
|320td||2001–2004||M47D20||330 N⋅m (243 lbf⋅ft) at 2,000 rpm|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to |
- "3' E36 316g Diagram Selection". www.realoem.com. Retrieved 23 June 2008.
- Karr, Anthony (2016-11-18). "Worst Sports Cars: BMW 3 Series Hatchback/Compact". Motor1. Retrieved 2019-10-13.
- "54112267291 COVER, FOLDING TOP SCHWARZ". www.realoem.com. Retrieved 11 September 2017.
- "1996 BMW 318ti California Top Edition Manual Transmission For Sale". www.automobilefinds.com. Retrieved 11 September 2017.
- "E36 316i 1.9i Compact Individual – Open Air Edition/ California Model". www.wordpress.com. Retrieved 11 September 2017.
- "BMW 3 Series Compact (1994 - 2001) used car review". www.rac.co.uk. Retrieved 1 September 2017.
- "BMW 3 Series Compact – The Ugly Duckling Of The Family". www.bmwblog.com. Retrieved 1 September 2017.
- "Guilty pleasures: why the 318ti is a baby BMW with potential". www.msn.com. Retrieved 1 September 2017.
- "Did BMW ever build an one-off E36 M3 3.2 Compact?". www.bmwblog.com. Retrieved 8 September 2017.
- "BMW E36 3-Series and M3 Club - 1996 BMW M3 Compact E36". www.drive-my.com. Retrieved 8 September 2017.
- "3'E36 Compact 318ti US model selection". www.realoem.com. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
- Kittler, Eberhard (2001). Deutsche Autos seit 1990. 5. Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. p. 134. ISBN 3-613-02128-5.
- "Review: BMW E46 3-Series compact (2001-05)". www.australiancar.reviews. Retrieved 11 September 2017.
- "BMW 325ti". www.motoring.com.au. Retrieved 11 September 2017.
- "BMW 3 Series Compact (2001 - 2005) used car review". www.rac.co.uk. Retrieved 11 September 2017.
- Cite error: The named reference
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- "BMW 325ti Compact 2001 - Geneva Auto Show". www.caranddriver.com. Retrieved 11 September 2017.
- "3' E46 325ti Manual gearbox GS6S37BZ (SMG)". www.realoem.com. Retrieved 11 September 2017.