The elections were observed by monitors from the European Parliament, Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) and the Council of Europe. OSCE stated that the election campaign had been marred by restrictions on media freedom and freedom of assembly. Many opposition candidates were unable to register themselves, thus creating an "uneven playing field", according to the OSCE. The pre-election atmosphere was tense with the media complaining of pressure and intransparent financial transactions of state officials.
The observation mission of the PACE reported that "the whole election process showed progress in reaching Assembly and OSCE standards and commitments" but that "significant progress would still be necessary to reach an overall electoral and democratic consensus".
Many national and foreign experts found no major improvement in the conduct of these elections. No elections after 1992 was fully in accordance with national and international democratic standards. So far Azerbaijan has been convicted twice of election fraud during the 2005 parliamentary elections by the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg. In April it was regarding Nemat Aliyev's case, and in September regarding Flora Karimova's.
Prior to the elections, the government amended visa regulations, making it more difficult for election observers and journalists to enter the country.
President Ilham Aliyev's ruling Yeni Azerbaijan Party got a majority of 71 out of 125 seats. Nominally independent candidates, who were aligned with the government, received 38 seats, and 10 small opposition or quasi-opposition parties got the remaining 13 seats. Civic Solidarity retained its 3 seats, and Ana Vaten kept the 2 seats they had in the previous legislature; the Democratic Reforms party, Great Creation, the Movement for National Rebirth, Umid, Civic Unity, Civic Welfare, Adalet (Justice), and the Popular Front of United Azerbaijan, most of which were represented in the previous parliament, won one seat a piece.
For the first time in Azerbaijani history, not a single candidate from the main opposition Azerbaijan Popular Front (AXCP) or Musavat parties was elected. The opposition Musavat decried the election as "illegitimate...[the] events had nothing to do with elections, it was the most shameful kind of election." Ruling president, Aliyev, however, said the election was fair.
The Central Election Commission said turnout was 50.1%, out of a total 4.9 million people eligible to vote. Opposition leaders suggested the low turnout was due to candidate disqualifications by the CEC, and consequent discouragements to vote after their choice of candidate was excluded.
|New Azerbaijan Party||1,110,885||46.48||71||+10|
|Civic Solidarity Party||46,512||1.95||3||0|
|Classic Popular Front Party||31,317||1.31||0||–|
|Azerbaijani Popular Front Party||28,719||1.2||0||–1|
|Whole Azerbaijan Popular Front Party||24,499||1.03||1||0|
|Azerbaijan National Independence Party||23,141||0.97||0||–|
|Party of Hope||21,605||0.9||1||0|
|Azerbaijan Social Prosperity Party||18,073||0.76||1||0|
|Great Order Party||17,389||0.73||1||0|
|Citizen and Development Party||11,170||0.47||0||–|
|Democratic Azerbaijan World Party||11,110||0.46||0||–|
|Civic Unity Party||10,169||0.43||1||0|
|Azerbaijan Democratic Party||7,662||0.32||0||0|
|Azerbaijan Communist Party||6,942||0.29||0||–|
|Party for Democratic Reforms||5,555||0.23||1||0|
|Social Democratic Party of Azerbaijan||4,402||0.18||0||–|
|Azerbaijan People's Party||3,670||0.15||0||–|
|Azerbaijan Progress Party||3,642||0.15||0||–|
|Modern Equality Party||3,349||0.14||0||–|
|Azerbaijan Liberal Party||2,224||0.09||0||–|
|Azerbaijan National Democrat Party||1,209||0.05||0||–|
|Azerbaijan Free Republicans Party||820||0.03||0||–|
|Great Azerbaijan Party||750||0.03||0||–|
|Azerbaijan Evolution Party||306||0.01||0||–|
|Azerbaijan National Statehood Party||104||0.00||0||–|
|National Salvation Party||94||0.00||0||–|
|Azerbaijan Democratic Enlightenment Party||55||0.00||0||–|
|Affiliation not indicated||40,688||1.7||3||0|
|Source: Election Passport|
Western observers and the opposition alleged irregularities. The elections were observed by monitors from the European Parliament, Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) and the Council of Europe. The OSCE reported that on election day there were cases of ballot-stuffing.
- "Azerbaijan goes to polls on 7 November". News.Az. 2010-05-06. Archived from the original on 2010-05-11. Retrieved 2010-08-21.
- Levy, Clifford (8 November 2010). "Ruling Party Takes Majority of Seats in Elections". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-11-08.
- Candidates still being registered for parliamentary elections News.az, October 13, 2010
- "Monitors criticise Azeri elections". Al-Jazeera English.
- Empire Grows Radio Free Europe Feature, August 13, 2010
- Human rights defender harassed for publishing report on press violations IFEX, July 23, 2010
- Azerbaijan passes law further restricting media Boston Globe, February 13, 2010
- Observation of the parliamentary elections in Azerbaijan (7 November 2010) PACE
- "European Court Finds Azerbaijan Guilty Of Election Fraud - Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty © 2010". Rferl.org. 2010-04-09. Retrieved 2010-08-21.
- "European Court of Human Rights makes decision on Flora Kerimova's application - apa © 2010". apa.az. 2010-09-30. Archived from the original on 2012-03-11. Retrieved 2010-09-30.
- Azerbaijan: "Come, vote, elect" Osservatorio Balcani e Caucaso