|14,205 and Iranian Azerbaijanis 40,400 (Census 2000)|
|Regions with significant populations|
|New York City Metropolitan Area,Greater Houston, San Francisco Bay area, Greater Los Angeles, New Jersey, Chicago Metropolitan Area, Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex and other.|
|Azerbaijani, American English Persian and Russian|
|Predominantly Shia Islam|
Azerbaijani Americans (Azerbaijani: Amerikalı azərbaycanlılar) or Azeri Americans (Azerbaijani: Amerikalı Azərilər) are Americans of the Azerbaijani ancestry from Azerbaijan and Iranian Azerbaijan region or people possessing Azerbaijani, Iranian, and/or American citizenship. Most Azerbaijani Americans have immigrated to the United States from Azerbaijan, Iran, Germany, Georgia, Russia, Turkey and Ukraine.
The first major wave of Azerbaijanis came to the U.S. in 1940s and 1950s, as many Azerbaijani émigrés and POWs left parts of Europe during and after World War II. Among those were also a number of expatriates, who fled to Turkey, Iran or parts of Europe upon the Soviet occupation of Azerbaijan in 1920, and in 1950s and 1960s, moved to the United States in pursuit of better economic opportunities. This wave of Azerbaijani immigrants settled mainly in New York City and its metropolitan area, which hosts the largest population of Azerbaijani-Americans, in Northern New Jersey and Massachusetts; and later in Florida, Texas, and California, especially in Los Angeles area where there is a large Iranian community, some of whom are Iranian-Azerbaijani. In 1957, a group of these Azerbaijani settlers in New Jersey founded the Azerbaijan Society of America, a first Azerbaijani-American community organization. By 1980 there were around 200 families that identified themselves as Azerbaijani in the United States, with about 80% of them being endogamic. In 1976, Houston and Baku established the first sister-city association between the cities in the U.S. and Azerbaijan. It was followed with a sister city between Honolulu, Hawaii and Baku in 1988, Newark, New Jersey and Ganja (second largest city in Azerbaijan) in the early 2000s (decade), and Monterey, California and Lankaran in 2011.
According to the 2000 U.S. census, there were an estimated 14,205 Americans born in Azerbaijan, out of which 5,530 were naturalized U.S. Citizens and 5,553 identified themselves as Azerbaijani of either primary or secondary ancestry. Census 2000 did not count Azerbaijani-Americans born in countries other than Azerbaijan.
According to the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), in 2001–2010, a total of 9,391 people from Azerbaijan were naturalized as U.S. citizens. The table here presents the distribution for each year between 2001 and 2010.
These statistics do not include the legal permanent residents (green card holders) who numbered 781 in 2010, refugees, legal non-immigrant aliens (temporary visitors) who numbered 4,938 in 2009, as well as a very large number of ethnic Azerbaijanis born in other countries, such as Iran, Russia and Turkey. Thus, based only on Census 2000 and DHS data, the official estimate of the U.S. citizens born in Azerbaijan is approximately 14,944, and the number of U.S. residents born in Azerbaijan is approximately 24,377, minus the natural decline.
According to the U.S. Census 2000 data, the Azerbaijanis who immigrated from Azerbaijan have settled primarily in New York (12,540), New Jersey (4,357), Texas (3,178), California (2,743), and Minnesota (1,559).
The first mention of the nascent Azerbaijani-Americans in the U.S. political life appears in the 1990 issue of The Economist. By the late 1990s, the Azerbaijani-Americans became more active in the American sociopolitical life, including the U.S. Congress, mainly advocating Azerbaijani interests in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. By 2002, the Azerbaijani-Americans became active enough to be mentioned in the speeches in the U.S. Congress. In 2004, a group of Congressmen founded the Congressional Azerbaijan Caucus in the U.S. House of Representatives. By 2011, the Azerbaijani-Americans have been honored in several U.S. legislative bills and resolutions.
Azerbaijani-themed parks, streets and monuments
The Azerbaijan Garden, a park, was dedicated on May 12, 2008, in Cleveland, Ohio. Khanlar Gasimov's sculpture "Hearth" stands at the center of the Garden. Made of polished stainless steel, the bowl-shaped sculpture allows viewers to see the reflection of the earth and sky in its exterior and interior curves. The Azerbaijani Garden is part of the Cleveland Cultural Gardens, which was opened in 1916, along Doan Brook in Cleveland's Rockefeller Park. The opening of the garden was celebrated by Congressman Dennis Kucinich.
TV, radio, media and newspapers
- Gunaz TV (TV broadcast from Chicago via satellite and Internet, in Azerbaijani language only)
- Azerbaijani Radio Hour (Weekly at Sunday noon radio on WUST 1120AM in Baltimore and Washington DC and via Internet, iTunes and RSS feed in English)
- Azerbaijan International (Los Angeles based quarterly magazine published since 1993, in English)
- Azerbaijan Review (monthly newspaper published in New York since 2007, in Azerbaijani, Russian and English)
- Caspian Crossroads (Washington D.C.-based quarterly journal published since 1996, in English)
- Nima Arkani-Hamed, Canadian-American theoretical physicist
- Sona Aslanova, Soviet and Azerbaijani soprano
- Semyon Bilmes, Azerbaijani-American painter
- Max Black, philosopher, physicist, mathematician
- Sibel Edmonds, former Federal Bureau of Investigation translator and founder of the National Security Whistleblowers Coalition (NSWBC)
- Haydar Hatemi, Iranian artist
- Shireen Hunter, academic
- Rustam Ibragimbekov, Soviet-Azerbaijani screenwriter, dramatist and producer
- Ali Javan, professor of physics, inventor of gas laser, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
- Ella Leya, composer, singer, and writer, born in Baku
- Hamid Mowlana, Iranian-American advisor to the Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
- Spencer Nelson, basketball player for the Azerbaijani national team
- Stepan Pachikov, businessman
- Farah Pahlavi, former Queen and exiled Empress of Iran
- Firouz Partovi, physicist
- Alec Rasizade, professor of history and political science
- Mstislav Rostropovich, conductor, cellist
- Chingiz Sadykhov, pianist from Azerbaijan
- Hassan Sattar, Iranian musician
- Zecharia Sitchin, Azerbaijani-born American author
- Sina Tamaddon, Senior Vice President of Applications for Apple Inc
- Behrouz Vossoughi, Iranian actor
- Norm Zada, founder of Perfect 10 magazine
- Lotfi A. Zadeh, mathematician, electrical engineer and computer scientist, University of California, Berkeley
- Tony Zarrindast, artist
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