Mausoleum of Avicenna
|Location||Avicenna Square, Hamadan, Iran|
|Type||Mausoleum and Museum|
Designed by Hooshang Seyhoun, it was built in 1952, replacing an older building dedicated to Avicenna which was destroyed in 1950.
The Pahlavi government had plans to build the mausoleum since at least 1939. The mausoleum was eventually dedicated in a grand ceremony in May 1954, and the avenue running in front of it was also renamed in honor of Avicenna.
As the monument was a central element of the propagation of Iranian nationalism by the Pahlavi government, it was consequently in danger of being defaced, but as Khomeini himself was an admirer of Avicenna, the square was not renamed after the 1979 Revolution.
The old mausoleum drawn by Charles Heath
Avicenna Mausoleum on the reverse of a 1954 10 Iranian rial banknote
Avicenna Mausoleum on the reverse of a 1981 200 Iranian rial banknote
- Thresholds 24, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Architecture, 2002, p. 49.
- Jay M. Rasooli, Cady Hews Allen, The Life Story of Dr. Sa'eed of Iran, William Carey Library, 1983, 161f.
- Thresholds 24, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Architecture, 2002, p. 48. "At the core of the Pahlavi 'pride,' around which the imagined Iranian nation was exulted before the Revolution, the tomb complex came under the risk of state vandalism between 1978 and 1980."
- Pope, Arthur Upham. Persian Architecture. Tandem Verlag GmbH., 2007.
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