All 122 seats of the House of Representatives
62 seats were needed for a majority in the House
30 (of the 60) seats of the Senate
Federal elections were held in Australia on 10 December 1955. All 122 seats in the House of Representatives and 30 of the 60 seats in the Senate were up for election. An early election was called to bring the House and Senate elections back in line; the previous election in 1954 had been House-only. The incumbent Liberal–Country coalition led by Prime Minister Robert Menzies increased its majority over the opposition Labor Party, led by H. V. Evatt.
House of Representatives
- Ten members were elected unopposed – five Liberal and five Country. This would be the last federal election where any seat attracted only one candidate.
|Party||Votes||%||Swing||Seats Won||Seats Held||Change|
|Liberal–Country joint ticket||1,748,878||39.38||+12.93||8||N/A||N/A|
|Henry George Justice||3,366||0.08||–0.22||0||0||0|
Seats changing hands
|Ballaarat, Vic||Labor||Bob Joshua*||2.6||10.7||7.9||Dudley Erwin||Liberal|
|Hume, NSW||Labor||Arthur Fuller||2,2||3.5||2.2||Charles Anderson||Country|
|Maribyrnong, Vic||Labor||Arthur Drakeford||16.1||7.5||0.1||Philip Stokes||Liberal|
|Perth, WA||Labor||Tom Burke||2.3||3.8||1.5||Fred Chaney||Liberal|
|Philip, NSW||Labor||Joe Fitzgerald||8.9||5.7||1.1||William Aston||Liberal|
|St George, NSW||Labor||Nelson Lemmon||2.7||5.8||3.4||Bill Graham||Liberal|
- Candidates of the Australian federal election, 1955
- Members of the Australian House of Representatives, 1955–1958
- Members of the Australian Senate, 1956–1959
- University of WA election results in Australia since 1890
- AEC 2PP vote
- Prior to 1984 the AEC did not undertake a full distribution of preferences for statistical purposes. The stored ballot papers for the 1983 election were put through this process prior to their destruction. Therefore, the figures from 1983 onwards show the actual result based on full distribution of preferences.