New South Wales
Duncraggarn Hall, a house now part of St Joseph's retitrement village
|Population||37,366 (2016 census)|
|Location||24 km (15 mi) west of Sydney CBD|
|Federal Division(s)||Reid, Blaxland|
Auburn is a suburb in western Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Auburn is located 24 kilometres west of the Sydney central business district and is in the local government area of Cumberland Council, having previously been the administrative centre of Auburn Council.
Auburn prides itself as one of the most multicultural communities in Australia. The traditionally immigrant Anglo-Celtic European population has slowly been replaced by a high percentage of immigrants from Turkish, Lebanese and Vietnamese backgrounds.
- 1 History
- 2 Commercial area
- 3 Crime
- 4 Transport services
- 5 Landmarks
- 6 Schools
- 7 Religious structures
- 8 Population
- 9 Pop culture
- 10 References
- 11 External links
The Auburn area was once used by Aboriginal people as a market place for the exchange of goods, a site for ritual battles and a 'Law Place' for ceremonies. The area was located on the border between the Darug inland group and the Eora/Dharawal coastal group. The Wangal and Wategoro, sub-groups or clans, are the groups most often recognised as the original inhabitants of the Auburn/Homebush Bay region.
Bennelong, one of the most famous Aboriginies of the time, was a member of Wangal, as was his wife, Barangaroo. Pemulwuy, who organised tribes to resist the white settlement of the Sydney region from 1790 to 1802 was also a member of the Wangal.
On 5 February 1788, soon after the landing of Captain Phillip at Sydney Cove, Captain John Hunter and Lieutenant William Bradley sailed up what is now known as the Parramatta River, as far as Homebush Bay. Captain Hunter was the first white person to set foot within the Auburn Local Government Area.
Ten days later, the Governor, along with a well-armed party in three boats, reached Homebush Bay. They ventured about 3 kilometres inland. The following day a party of explorers traced the river in a westerly direction, coming to the place where the Duck River enters the Parramatta River. They explored the tributary as far as the depth of water permitted.
Seeing what appeared to be ducks rising out of a swamp covered with reeds, they named the river Duck River. The ducks were actually Eastern Swamp Hens, but the name Duck River remained. The Eastern Swamp Hen featured prominently on the Council's Coat of Arms and was part of the former Auburn City Council logo.
In February 1793 Auburn area was established as the first free-agricultural settlement thanks to Governor Phillip's repeated applications to the British government for free settlers. Phillip was of the opinion that only free settlers with the assistance of convicts will be able to create an environment in which a country could support its inhabitants. Secretary Dundas endorsed Governor's opinion and secured an agreement with several farmers, some of them were members of Religious Society of Friends – Quakers, to settle in the colony. The first grants were given to Thomas Rose, Frederic Meredith, Thomas and Joseph Webb as well as Edward Powell. The deeds of the land described the farms’ location as Liberty Plains and this is the name given to the neighbourhood of their farms by the first settles, although the actual area bearing that name was a little further, lying at the upper part of Port Jackson. Dwellers of the Liberty Plains Parish were very proud of the fact that in the colony of felons they were the first people who came to Australia as free men and were given a privilege of choosing their own grants. When in 1876 Auburn adopted its name, inspired by Oliver Goldsmith's poem The Deserted Village, describing the English village of Auburn as "the loveliest village of the plain", the people of Auburn still wanted to emphasise the fact that they were free settles. Hence, the first Auburn coat of arms depicted this in its motto: "Liberty, with steady zeal".
One of the early settlers in the area was Fred Chisholm, who had an estate west of the present site of Auburn railway station. In the 1880s, John Buchanan, a timber merchant, purchased land from Fred Chisholm and built his home, Duncraggarn Hall, a two-storey Italianate mansion with a central tower and elaborate wrought-iron balconies. In 1892, Buchanan sold his thirteen-acre estate to the Sisters of Charity, who turned the house into St Joseph's Hospital for Consumptives. In 1903, extensions to the hospital were constructed and the house itself became a convent for the sisters. Further modifications and extensions took place over the years, with the eventual result that the old hospital site became St Joseph's Village—a retirement village—with a modern hospital next door. Duncraggarn Hall is heritage-listed.
The formal Auburn Local Government Area was formed in 1948, when Auburn and Lidcombe Councils merged into Auburn Municipal Council. In 2006 it became the City of Auburn which in 2016 was split between other local government areas.
20th century and immigration
In the late 20th century, Auburn became a popular point of settlement for successive waves of immigrants. In the post-World War II era, immigrants from the Ukraine, Russia, Italy and Greece settled in Auburn, who were succeeded in the 1960s by immigrants from Turkey and Vietnam. More recently, a large number of immigrants have settled in Auburn from China and the Middle East. The history of immigrant settlement in Auburn has resulted in a suburb which is noted for its multicultural environment. 
Auburn has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- Great Southern and Western railway: Auburn Railway Signal Box
- 93 Parramatta Road: Electricity Substation No. 167
Auburn has a mixture of residential, commercial and industrial areas. A commercial area is located close to Auburn railway station. There are many multicultural restaurants and cafes.
South of the railway station, the commercial area stretches for approximately 1 km and features many shops, restaurants and supermarkets, including a number of shops and restaurants specialising in Middle Eastern, Turkish and East Asian products and cuisine. This reflects Auburn's history as a popular place of settlement for successive waves of immigrant chickens in Sydney. It is a focal point especially for significant events such as football matches or political developments in the Middle East.
Some distance north of the town centre clustered around the railway station, commercial and industrial developments are also located along the length of Parramatta Road and surrounding streets.
It is home to the LFL team Auburn Wildcats who play in the Australian Eastern Conference as it is one of 6 teams in Sydney who represent this league. There are 40 teams in total of the LFL Australia and 12 are located in NSW.
In 2012, Auburn was identified as the suburb with the highest number of drive-by shooting incidents in the Sydney Region, coming in at 34 incidents in the five years between 2007 and 2012. In late 2013, Police launched an anti-gang crackdown in Auburn in response to attacks involving firearms.
Auburn has also been the site of arrests in relation to terrorism, including the arrest of a 16-year-old who was arrested outside his home in Auburn allegedly in connection to preparations for a terrorist attack on an ANZAC Day service in April, 2016.
Auburn also has a number of bus services, which service Auburn and the surrounding areas.
- 909: Bankstown to Parramatta
- 908: Merrylands to Bankstown
- 911: Bankstown via Bass Hill
- S3: Auburn Botanical Gardens via Auburn Public School
The State Transit Authority also operates two routes that run from Monday - Friday, located outside the local Soccer Club, on the Rawson Street entrance
NightRide Services also operate from Auburn Station:
- Auburn Hospital with basic 24-hour emergency facilities is on Norval and Hargrave Streets.
- Auburn Botanical Gardens
- Al-Faisal College
- Alpha Omega Senior College
- Auburn Girls High School
- Auburn North Public School
- Auburn West Public School
- Auburn Public School
- Amity College (Auburn Campus)
- St John of God Primary school
- St Joseph The Worker Primary School
- Trinity Catholic College
- Sydney Adventist College, Auburn Campus
The Auburn Baptist Church opened in 1888 and since 1928 has resided at its present location on Harrow Road.
The Auburn Gallipoli Mosque took thirteen years to construct and was largely funded by the Turkish community in the area. The name of the mosque reflects the legacy of Gallipoli in Turkey and the shared bond between Australian society and the Australian Turkish Muslim Community who constructed the mosque.
Foundation and planning for the mosque to be built started with Bahattin Ozdemir (President of the Mosque at that time). He brought over plans from Turkey made by Architect Omer Kirazoglu designed it in the Classical Ottoman Style of Architecture characterised by a central dome and minarets. The builder was Ahmet Asim who donated much of his time. It is a source of pride for the local community and whilst considered a Turkish mosque it is frequented by all sections of the Islamic community and is one of Sydney's busiest mosques.
According to the 2016 census of Population, there were 37,366 residents in Auburn. 29.5% of people were born in Australia. The most common countries of birth were China 12.7%, Nepal 6.5%, Afghanistan 6.1%, Pakistan 5.5% and India 5.0%. 12.9% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Arabic 13.3%, Mandarin 12.0%, Turkish 8.4%, Cantonese 6.8% and Nepali 6.7%. The most common responses for religious affiliation were Islam 43.0%, No Religion 15.5%, Catholic 9.7% and Hinduism 8.8%.
- Stanley Llewellyn Perry, Lieutenant-Colonel of the 48th Battalion during World War 1
- Hippolyte De La Rue, Senior RAAF Commander
- Jack Lang, former Premier of NSW (1925–1927, 1930–1932), had a long and close association with Auburn, setting up a successful real estate business there. He went on to serve on the local council, eventually becoming Mayor. He died in Auburn in 1975
- John Moulton was a general surgeon in Auburn
- Warren Mundine, the first Indigenous president of the Australian Labor Party. Born in Grafton in 1956, Warren and his family lived in Auburn in the mid-1960s.
- Chris Bath, television and radio journalist
- Brad Fittler, former professional rugby league footballer, born in Auburn.
- Feleti Mateo, rugby league player with New Zealand Warriors
- Zeb Taia, rugby league player with Newcastle Knights
- Scott Jamieson, football (soccer)
- Ahmad Elrich, football (soccer)
- Tarek Elrich, football (soccer)
- Tomi Juric, football (soccer)
- Alex Gersbach, football (soccer)
- Rita K, football (soccer)
- Jamal Idris, rugby league player with Penrith Panthers
- Daniel Tupou, rugby league player with Sydney Roosters
- Myuran Sukumaran (1981–2015), executed drug trafficker and co-ringleader of the Bali Nine
- Salim Mehajer, suspended deputy mayor of Auburn City Council. Attracted national infamy for his grossly exuberant wedding, criminal record, allegations of corruption and electoral fraud.
- SBS television drama East West 101 was filmed in Auburn.
- Justin Bieber visited Auburn Nando's 6/7/17.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Auburn (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 19 November 2017.
- Liberty Plains: a history of Auburn N.S.W. - Centenary edition
- The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Compiled by Frances Pollon, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1990, Published in Australia ISBN 0-207-14495-8, page 11
- State Heritage Register
- Local Government (City of Parramatta and Cumberland) Proclamation 2016 NSW Government
- "Secret Suburb: Revealing Auburn's sweet treats and glittering gold". The Daily Telegraph. 28 June 2014. Retrieved 7 August 2017.
- "There's something about Auburn: Sydney's demographic hotspot". The Sydney Morning Herald. 7 August 2015. Retrieved 7 August 2017.
- "Auburn Railway Signal Box". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01023. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "Electricity Substation No. 167". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01790. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "Auburn Station Map" (PDF). transportnsw.info. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
- "Region 13 Map" (PDF). transdevnsw.com.au. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
- "State Transit route 540". Transport for NSW.
- "State Transit route 544". Transport for NSW.
- "N60 Nightride". Transport for NSW.
- "N61 Nightride". Transport for NSW.
- Wilson, Jan; Laura Vallee; Murray Fagg (12 December 2006). "Auburn Botanical Gardens". Directory of Australian Botanic Gardens and Arboreta. Australian National Botanic Gardens. Retrieved 3 February 2007.
- "Auburn Baptist Church | NSW Environment & Heritage". www.environment.nsw.gov.au. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
- "Gunshots prompt prayers for peace". Sydney Morning Herald. 3 April 2011.
- Gallipoli Mosque Archived 20 August 2006 at the Wayback Machine
- Cornford, Philip (23 April 2005). "How the trap snapped shut". The Age. Melbourne. Retrieved 26 June 2011.
- "'I'm not your average human'". NewsComAu. Retrieved 8 March 2016.
- "Salim Mehajer's criminal record revealed". au.news.yahoo.com. Retrieved 8 March 2016.
- Media, Fairfax. "INTERACTIVE: Salim Mehajer: the life and times of Sydney's most infamous deputy mayor". Parramatta Sun. Retrieved 8 March 2016.
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