Athenaeus, son of Athenaeus (Greek: Ἀθήναιος) was an ancient Greek (Athenian) composer and musician who flourished around 138–28 BC, when he composed the First Delphic Hymn. Although it was long thought that the composer of the First Hymn was merely "an Athenian", careful reading of the inscription shows that it cannot be the ethnic Athenaîos (from Athens), but rather names Athénaios Athenaíou (Athenaeus, son of Athenios) as the composer (Bélis 1992, 48–49 and 53–54).
- Bélis, Annie (ed.). 1992. Corpus des inscriptions de Delphes, vol. 3: "Les Hymnes à Apollon". Paris: De Boccard. ISBN 2-86958-051-7.
- Pöhlmann, Egert, and Martin L. West (eds.). 2001. Documents of Ancient Greek Music: The Extant Melodies and Fragments. Oxford: Clarendon Press. ISBN 0-19-815223-X.