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Asian-Scots (or Asian-Scottish or Scottish Asian) is a term defined within the 2011 Scottish census as including people of Pakistani, Indian, Bangladeshi, Chinese or other Asian ancestry resident in Scotland. Their parents or grandparents are normally Asian immigrants. Many of them are academics, doctors, business owners and/or engineers. It can also refer to people who are of dual Scottish and Asian ancestry. It combines Asian ethnic background with Scottish national identity.
In traditional British usage, the term Asian did not normally include East Asians, who were referred by their respective national origins (e.g. Chinese, Japanese, Malaysians and others) or collectively as "Oriental", which similar to Scotch can be viewed of as pejorative when applied to people. By contrast, in traditional North American usage the term Asian did not normally include South Asians but focused on East and Southeast Asians, particularly Chinese, Japanese and Vietnamese. These frames of reference reflect different migration patterns.
The 2001 and 2011 censuses recorded the following ethnic groups:
|Asian, Asian Scottish or Asian British: Indian||15,037||0.30%||32,706||0.62%|
|Asian, Asian Scottish or Asian British: Pakistani||31,793||0.63%||49,381||0.93%|
|Asian, Asian Scottish or Asian British: Bangladeshi||1,981||0.04%||3,788||0.07%|
|Asian, Asian Scottish or Asian British: Chinese||16,310||0.32%||33,706||0.64%|
|Asian, Asian Scottish or Asian British: Asian Other||6,196||0.12%||21,097||0.40%|
|Asian, Asian Scottish or Asian British: Total||71,317||1.41%||140,678||2.66%|
|Total Population in Scotland||5,062,011||100.00%||5,295,403||100.00%|
In addition to ethnicity, the 2011 census asked about national identity.
- 34 per cent of all minority ethnic groups felt they had some Scottish identity either on its own or in combination with another identity. This ranged from 60 per cent for people from a mixed background and 50 per cent for those from a Pakistani ethnic group, to 21 per cent for those from an African ethnic group. This compared to 83 per cent for all people in Scotland.
- 62 per cent of the total population stated ‘Scottish identity only’ as their national identity, of which 98 per cent stated their ethnicity as ‘White: Scottish’.
- 18 per cent of the total population stated ‘Scottish and British identity only’ as their national identity, of which 97 per cent stated their ethnicity as ‘White: Scottish’.
- 8 per cent of the total population stated their national identity as ‘British identity only’. Of these, 49 per cent stated their ethnicity as ‘White: Scottish’, 38 per cent were ‘White: Other British’, and 8 per cent were ‘Asian’.
- 4 per cent of the total population stated their national identity as ‘Other identity only’ (i.e. no UK identity), 32 per cent of those were ‘White: Other White’, 22 per cent were ‘Asian’ and 21 per cent were ‘White: Polish’.
South Asian communities
Scotland's South Asian population of more than 80,000 is mostly from Indian and Pakistani background. The majority are adherents of the Hindu, Sikh and Islamic faiths and are concentrated around urban areas, such as Greater Glasgow, Edinburgh and Dundee. However, there are Asian communities in places as small as Stornoway and as far north as Aberdeen.
- Dundee - 4,000 Asians (especially the Hilltown and Stobswell)
- Edinburgh - 26,264 Asians
- Glasgow (and surrounding Greater Glasgow area) - 65,000 Asians (especially Pollokshields, Pollokshaws, Govanhill, Newton Mearns, Bearsden, East Kilbride and Woodlands)
Notable Scottish Asians
- Danny Bhoy
- Ali Abbasi
- Bashir Ahmad - SNP politician who in 2007 became the first MSP to be elected from an Asian-Scots background.
- Aamer Anwar, human rights lawyer, Lawyer of the Year 2017- Rector of the University of Glasgow
- Majid Haq, Cricket player
- Omer Hussain, Cricket player
- Jazz Juttla, former footballer
- Sanjeev Kohli - Actor, TV presenter and property owner
- Katie Leung- Actress
- Bashir Maan
- Angela Malik
- Hanzala Malik - Former Labour MSP for the Glasgow region. The first Scots-Asian MSP from the Scottish Labour Party
- Vishal Marwaha
- Aasmah Mir
- Nosheena Mobarik - Conservative MEP for Scotland
- Claude Moraes
- Shereen Nanjiani
- Robina Qureshi
- Aneela Rahman
- Misbah Rana
- Suhayl Saadi, writer
- Anas Sarwar - Former MP for Gasgow Central (2010-2015). Labour MSP for Glasgow region (2016–present) and 2017 Scottish Labour Party leadership candidate.
- Mohammed Sarwar - Former Labour MP for Glasgow Central (1997-2010), father of Anas Sarwar
- Rashid Sarwar, former footballer
- Mamta Singhal, Winner of The Women Engineering Society Prize - Young Women Engineer of the Year 2007. Top four finalist for Global MBA student of the Year 2008.
- Humza Yousaf - Scottish National Party MSP for the Glasgow region, Minister for Europe and International Development. The first Scots-Asian born in Scotland to become an MSP
- Demographics of Scotland
- Buddhism in Scotland
- Hinduism in Scotland
- Islam in Scotland
- Sikhism in Scotland
- Scottish people
- British Asian
- New Scots
- "Scotland's New Official Ethnicity Classification" (PDF).
- "'Oriental': Rugs, Not People".
- "Analysis of Ethnicity in the 2001 Census - Summary Report".
- "Standard Outputs".
- "Census 2011: Detailed characteristics on Ethnicity, Identity, Language and Religion in Scotland – Release 3A". This article contains quotations from this source, which is available under the Open Government Licence v3.0. © Crown copyright.
- The Infidel Within: Muslims in Britain Since 1800 p.172
- Ethnic groups, Scotland, 2001 and 2011
- BBC NEWS | Scotland | Glasgow and West | First Asian MSP goes to Holyrood