Ashmont in September 2012 after the completion of renovations
|Location||Dorchester Avenue at Ashmont Street|
|Owned by||Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority|
|Line(s)||Ashmont Branch (Shawmut Branch)|
|Platforms||2 side platforms (Red Line)|
1 side platform (Ashmont-Mattapan Line)
|Tracks||2 (Red Line)|
1 (Ashmont-Mattapan Line)
|Connections|| MBTA Bus: 18, 21, 22, 23, 27, 191, 215, 217, 240|
|Bicycle facilities||"Pedal and Park" bicycle cage|
|Opened||September 1, 1928 (Red Line)|
August 26, 1929 (Ashmont-Mattapan High-Speed Line)
|Rebuilt||October 21, 2011|
|Passengers (2013)||Weekday average boardings:|
2,036 (Ashmont-Mattapan Line)
9,293 (Red Line)
Ashmont (signed as Ashmont/Peabody Sq.) is an intermodal transit station in Boston, Massachusetts. Located at Peabody Square in the Dorchester neighborhood, serves the MBTA's Red Line rapid transit line, the Ashmont–Mattapan High Speed Line, and the MBTA Bus system. It is the southern terminus of the Red Line's Dorchester Branch (Ashmont Branch), and the northern terminus of the Ashmont–Mattapan Line. Ashmont station is fully accessible for all modes.
The first Ashmont station was a simple building along the original Shawmut Branch of the Old Colony Railroad, which opened in 1872. That was when steam locomotives powered the passenger trains that continued into Boston with a stop at Fields Corner. The current intermediate Shawmut station was not created as a train stop until the Shawmut Branch of the steam railroad (by then under the New Haven Railroad) was adapted to electrified subway service in the late 1920s and placed underground as it approached Ashmont.
When first built in 1928, no buses served the station; all lines ran streetcars. Specifically, the following Boston Elevated Railway streetcar lines operated to Ashmont (using post-1942 numbers), unloading on the east side and loading on the two west tracks on the west side:
- 22 Ruggles via Talbot Avenue
- 23 Ruggles via Washington Street, Dorchester
- 27 Mattapan Station via River St.
Two streetcar lines serving the area west of Ashmont were bustituted soon after opening, later becoming the 25 and 26 buses. They were rerouted to Ashmont for faster access to downtown. A new busway was built on the west side of the station in 1929; this has since been connected to the old streetcar ramps. The first section of the Mattapan High Speed Line (originally 28) also opened in 1929, serving the easternmost track on the west side.
The Eastern Massachusetts Street Railway line converted to bus in 1932, using the busway. The 27 was bustituted in 1933, and a new route (24, renumbered 12 ca. 1967) serving the area east of the station was also added. Additionally the Eastern Mass started running buses over what are now the 215 and 217 routes.
In September 2004, the MBTA began a $44 million reconstruction of the 75-year-old station. The MBTA awarded the $35.2 million main construction contract in May 2005. The station was razed by September 2007 and the station was completely rebuilt. Mattapan Line service was interrupted for 18 months, but was restored in December 2007. The reconstruction was completed in 2009, while architectural work lasted until the summer of 2011. Highlights of the project included:
- New platforms and an elevated viaduct for the Ashmont–Mattapan High Speed Line
- Two new lobbies with access at the station
- An elevated busway that is level with the new lobbies
- Public access over the subway tunnel to Peabody Square
- Three new elevators and two new escalators
- CCTV security cameras and significantly enhanced lighting
- Charlie Card automated fare vending machines and fare gates
The station construction included of a first-of-its-kind transit-oriented development (TOD) on the station site. The 116 units of mixed-income housing represent the state, city, MBTA, community and a private developer's combined effort to provide housing adjacent to rapid transit, thereby reducing automobile usage.
In September 2011, a "HOLD" sign was installed on the trolley platform to allow an easier connection for those transferring from the Red Line.
Ashmont is a major terminal for the MBTA Bus system, with seven local routes serving the station busway:
- 18: Ashmont - Andrew
- 21: Ashmont - Forest Hills
- 22: Ashmont - Ruggles via Jackson Square
- 23: Ashmont - Ruggles via Washington Street
- 27: Mattapan - Ashmont
- 191: Mattapan - Haymarket
- 215: Quincy Center - Ashmont via West Quincy
- 217: Quincy Center - Ashmont via Wollaston
- 240: Avon Square - Ashmont
The Brockton Area Transit Authority operates its route 12 to Ashmont - one of the only non-MBTA routes running to an MBTA rapid transit station.
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- A Chronicle of the Boston Transit System. Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. 1981. p. 11 – via Internet Archive.
- "Romney Launches $44M Facelift At Ashmont Station" (Press release). September 22, 2004. Archived from the original on October 11, 2004.
- "MBTA Board Awards Contract To Rebuild Ashmont Station; Sells Land For Cable TV Studio In Roxbury" (Press release). Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. June 9, 2005.
- "Ashmont Station Renovation". Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. Archived from the original on 11 October 2011. Retrieved 1 October 2011.
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- MBTA. "Bid Responses" (PDF). Ashmont Station Community Website. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-01-09. Retrieved 2007-09-30.
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