The Arney River is a small river in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland, feeding from Lower Lough MacNean and into Upper Lough Erne. It meanders through a wide, flat Glacial Trough between the uplands of Fermanagh, Belmore Mountain and the Cuilcagh Mountains. The valley is characterised by wide flat lowlands enclosed by low hills. The Cladagh River drains into the Arney River.
There are six bridging points on the Arney River, five of these are suitable for motorised vehicles, while one is located on private land near to the source of the river.
Battle of the Ford of the Biscuits
In February 1594, an English army took and garrisoned Enniskillen. The fort was promptly besieged by Hugh Maguire, Red Hugh O’Donnell and Cormac McBarron O’Neill (Hugh O’Neill’s brother). In August 1594 an English relief army led by Sir Henry Duke was ambushed on the Arney River and routed by Maguire in the Battle of the Ford of the Biscuits: a title commemorating the sight of English rations floating down the Arney. There is a local tradition of an area beside the river called the Red Meadow alluding to blood soaking into the fields during the battle. Alternatively the local brick making industry may also have given rise to this name as the river was lined with brick fields during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
- "Coarse Fishing". Northern Regional Fisheries Board. Archived from the original on 28 December 2008. Retrieved 27 February 2009.
- "The Arney Lowlands Landscape". Northern Ireland Environment Agency. Archived from the original on 5 August 2012. Retrieved 27 February 2009.
- "Arney to Swanlinbar Lowlands". Bréifne. Archived from the original on 19 November 2007. Retrieved 27 February 2009.
- O'Neill, James and Logue, Paul. 'The Battle of the Ford of the Biscuits, 7 August 1594' in Claire Foley and Ronan McHugh (eds), An archaeological survey of County Fermanagh, vol. 1, pt. 2 (Belfast, 2014), pp 913-22
- Glassie, Henry, Henry (1998). Irish Folk History Texts from the North (reprint ed.). University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 6. ISBN 0-8122-1123-5.
- Geograph - River Arney Photograph
- 2014 BBC News story on new evidence regarding the Battle of the Ford of the Biscuits: "Bullet discovery set to rewrite history books"
- "Ancient Clan O'Neill Blog". Ancient Clan O'Neill. 7 August 2016. — "Maguire, MacBaron and Henry Duke’s crackers: the Battle of the Ford of the Biscuits", 7 August 1594