Aristonicus of Alexandria (Greek Ἀριστόνικος ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς, Aristonikos ho Alexandreus) was a distinguished Greek grammarian who lived during the reigns of Augustus and Tiberius, contemporary with Strabo. He taught at Rome, and wrote commentaries and grammatical treatises.
- On the wanderings of Menelaus (περὶ τῆς Μενελάου πλάνης)
- On the critical signs of the Iliad and Odyssey (περὶ τῶν σημείων τῆς Ἰλιάδος καὶ Ὀδυσσείας), on the marginal signs by which the Alexandrian critics used to mark suspected or interpolated verses in the Homeric poems and in Hesiod's Theogony
- On ungrammatical words (ἀσυντάκτων ὀνομάτων βιβλία), a work of six books on irregular grammatical constructions in Homer
These and some other works are all now lost, with the exception of fragments preserved in the passages above referred to. By far the most important fragments of Aristonicus' work are preserved in the scholia of the Venetus A manuscript of the Iliad.
- Scholia on the Iliad:
Erbse, H. 1969-88, Scholia Graeca in Homeri Iliadem, 7 vols. (Berlin)
- Aristonicus' work reconstructed from the Iliad scholia:
Friedländer, L. 1965 , Aristonici Alexandrini περὶ σημείων Ιλιάδος reliquiae emendatiores, reprint (Amsterdam)
- Strabo 1.38.
- One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Aristonicus". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 499.
- Suda α 3924
- Etymologicum Magnum s.vv. λύχνος, ἔρσαι, and ὀπή; Suda s.v. Ἀριστόνικος; Eudocius 64; scholia A on Iliad 9.397.
- Suda loc. cit.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Smith, William, ed. (1870). "Aristonicus". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.
- Online edition of Friedländer at books.google.com (available online or as 13.9 MB PDF file)