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Antisyntagmatarchis (Greek: Αντισυνταγματάρχης, abbreviated Ανχης) is used in the Greek language to mean "Lieutenant Colonel". A typical responsibility of an Antisyntagmatarchis is to exercise command of a battalion. Officers holding this rank should be addressed as "Kyrie Diikita" (Κύριε διοικητά) (stressed on the last syllable), by their subordinates when they exercise battalion command or "Kyrie Antisyntagmatarcha" (��ύριε Αντισυνταγματάρχα) (stressed on the syllable before last) in other cases.
The term was first used in the Greek War of Independence (1821 - 1827). The earliest known written use occurred in revolutionary government papers of 1822. In the modern Hellenic Army the rank is superior to a Tagmatarchis (Major) and inferior to a Syntagmatarchis (Colonel). The insignia consists of a flame and two golden stars.
Most commissioned officers retire in this rank. Promotions to Syntagmatarchis and above are open to a few but this is most often based on the personal charisma and political contacts of the candidate rather than seniority.
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