|Merger of||Encontro Irmandiño|
Galician People's Front
Movemento pola Base
Galician Left Unity
Galician Workers Front (left in 2014)
|Headquarters||Santiago de Compostela|
|Youth wing||Mocidade de Anova and Xeira|
|National affiliation||Grupo Común da Esquerda|
En Marea (until 2019)
|European Parliament group||European United Left–Nordic Green Left|
|Trade union affiliation||Confederación Intersindical Galega (CIG) and Central Unitaria de Traballadores|
|Congreso de los Diputados|
0 / 23
0 / 19
0 / 54
4 / 75
|Mayors in Galicia[a]|
2 / 313
Anova–Nationalist Brotherhood (Galician: ANOVA–Irmandade Nacionalista, Anova) is a political party in Galicia. Formed in 2012, under the guidance of historical leader Xosé Manuel Beiras, Anova was formed by Encontro Irmandiño (2012 split of the BNG), the FPG, Movemento pola Base (small 2009 split of the BNG), the Galician Workers Front (2012 split of the BNG) and independent militants. Anova defines itself as a Galician nationalist, socialist, feminist, Galician independentist, ecologist, internationalist organization. Its internal organization is run by assemblies.
Shortly after the split of several sectors of the Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG) after its XIII National Assembly, the more important being Máis Galiza and Encontro Irmandiño (EI), Several confluence processes began, with the "New Common Project" (NPC) being the most important one. However, the majority sector of Máis Galiza abandoned this process, seeking to create a more centrist political force and questioning the leadership of EI in the NPC. Other parties and organizations also joined the NPC, including the Galician People's Front (FPG), Movemento pola Base (MPB), Galician Workers Front (FOGA) and Causa Galiza (this last organization left, criticizing the control exercised by EI in the project).
Finally, on July 2012, the First National Assembly of the NPC was held in Santiago de Compostela, creating a new party with the name ANOVA-Irmandade Nacionalista, led by a "National Council" of 75 members. The assembly also decided the political bases of the new party, that include ecologism, republicanism and Galician independence. The organization included various historical figures of Galician nationalism like Xosé Manuel Beiras (ex-leader of the BNG), Martiño Noriega (then mayor of Teo, currently mayor of Santiago de Compostela), Mariano Abalo Costa (then leader of the FPG and ex-mayor of Cangas), Mario López Rico, Lidia Senra Rodríguez (ex-leader of the Sindicato Labrego Galego), David Fernández Calviño (the mayor of Manzaneda) or Luís Eyré Diéguez (ex-leader of the Socialist Collective).
Later that year, Unity of the Galician Left, a small party formed by ex-members of the Socialists' Party of Galicia (PSdeG-PSOE), that had previously joined Compromiso por Galicia (CxG) left this organization and also joined Anova-IN.
Anova-IN was formally registered as a political party on February 11, 2013, using AINA as legal acronym.
2012 Galician elections
To contest the 2012 Galician parliamentary election, Anova decided to form a coalition with the United Left, Equo, and the Espazo Ecosocialista Galego. The coalition was called Galician Left Alternative; it won 9 seats (5 United Left, 4 Anova), becoming the third-largest party in the Galician Parliament, displacing the Galician Nationalist Bloc, and coming second in most of the major cities of Galicia.
In 2013 Unity of the Galician Left and New Socialist Left merged and created New Galician Left, as a new internal current within Anova. In 2014 a critical political organization within the party, called CERNA, was created. CERNA left the party after the results of the second National Assembly of Anova. The same year, FOGA left Anova.
2014 European elections
Anova participated in the Pluarl Left-Galician Left Alternative list, along with United Left and other smaller parties. 1 member of Anova, Lidia Senra Rodríguez, was elected to the European Parliament.
2015 Municipal elections
Anova supported multiple left-wing unity lists all over Galiza in the municipal elections of 2015. In some municipalities the party run alone, although with the legal coverage of the Son political party. This "instrumental" party was used by Anova and United Left to gain seats in the provincial deputations, that are elected indirectly, based on the results of the local elections. The unity lists won in various municipalities, including the cities of A Coruña and Santiago de Compostela. In this last city Martiño Noriega, a member of Anova, was elected as the mayor. Other four members of Anova were elected mayors: Rafael Sisto Edreira in Teo, Benito Portela Fernández in Sada, Antonio Negreira Noya in Val do Dubra and David Rodríguez Estévez in Manzaneda.
- La militancia de Anova deserta, crítica con la deriva política de la dirección. La Voz de Galicia, 18/03/2019.
- Nordsieck, Wolfram (2016). "Galicia/Spain". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 4 October 2018.
- El nacionalismo gallego se refunda. El Mundo, 11/05/2012.
- Beiras cree que el referente de 'Novo Proxecto Común' debe "ser colectivo". El Correo Gallego, 14/07/2012.
- Causa Galiza se desmarca del Novo Proxecto Común de Beiras. La Voz de Galicia, 14/07/2012.
- Militantes escindidos do BNG crean ANOVA-Irmandade Nacionalista. Faro de Vigo, 15/07/2012.
- Beiras arenga a la asamblea de ANOVA-Irmandade Nacionalista pidiendo "independencia" y una "quiebra democrática". Europa Press, 15/07/2012.
- El colectivo que integran exmilitantes del PSdeG Unidade da Esquerda Galega entra en Compromiso por Galicia. Europa Press, 21/07/2012.
- "Registro de partidos políticos - Ministerio de Interior". Archived from the original on 2017-09-30. Retrieved 2019-01-11.
- Gallego, Grupo El Correo. "Os críticos de Anova constitúense nun grupo chamado 'Cerna' e piden". Galicia Hoxe - Noticias en galego a diario. Retrieved 2016-05-15.
- Vigo, Faro de. "Los militantes de Cerna se van de Anova y crearán una nueva formación política". www.farodevigo.es. Retrieved 2016-05-15.
- Anova pierde a FOGA, uno de los tres partidos que la forman. La Voz de Galicia, 13/09/2014.
- Anova-IN aposta pola confluencia nacional de mareas e outras fórmulas cidadás para dar a batalla tamén nas Deputacións. Anova-Irmandade Nacionalista, 2015.
- Case noventa concellos contarán con candidaturas cidadás ou de confluencia. Praza Pública, 22/04/2018.