Anna Sophie Ondráková
15 May 1903
|Died||28 February 1987 (aged 83)|
|Spouse(s)||Max Schmeling (1933–1987)|
Anny Ondra (born Anna Sophie Ondráková, 15 May 1903 – 28 February 1987) was a Czech film actress. She began her career in 1920 and appeared in Czech, German, Austrian, French and English films. In 1933, she married to German boxing champion Max Schmeling.
Ondra was born in Tarnów to Czech parents, Bohumír Ondrák, an officer in the Austro-Hungarian Army, and Anna Ondráková (née Mracek). She had two brothers, Tomáš and Jindřich. She spent her childhood in Tarnów, Pula and Prague. At seventeen she played in the theater and acted in her first film. The film was directed by her boyfriend, director Karel Lamač. When her family learned of it, they had a shouting match in which the teenager received a beating from her father - to be an actress, soon after the First World War, was socially almost at the level of a being a beggar. Anna had been educated at a convent school and her father had found for her an official government position. Anna preferred a film career and began to live with Karel Lamač. "I swim like a fish, ride like a cowboy, and I would do it all if the film required it," summarized the nineteen-year-old. After some years she wanted to begin a family, but Lamač did not want to marry. So, after a three-year romance, on 6 July 1933 Ondra married German boxer Max Schmeling, with whom she appeared in the film Knock-out (1935). Their marriage was a happy one, although childless: Ondra miscarried after a car accident in 1936 and could no longer have children. They were married until she died in 1987. Lamač remained her friend throughout his lifetime. He died in her arms in 1952 in Hamburg.
Throughout their marriage, German fascists tried to exploit the fame and popularity of Ondra and Schmeling. They were often seen in photos with Joseph Goebbels and Adolf Hitler - Max as a German superman and Anny as a blonde Aryan (Max was heavyweight champion of the world between 1930 and 1932). However, they never collaborated: Max refused to accept honours and even secretly helped to hide two Jewish children, saving their lives. In Nazi Germany this was a capital offence. After the war, they were penalised financially for collaboration, and an arrest warrant was issued in Czechoslovakia. Nazi propaganda was taken literally and Schmeling never visited Ondra's homeland.
Ondra was buried in the Saint Andreas Friedhof cemetery in Hollenstedt, West Germany. Her husband Max Schmeling died in 2005 and was buried next to her. The heritage of Anny and Max has been referred to as the Max-Schmeling-Stiftung foundation.
She acted in Czech, Austrian, and German comedies in the 1920s; and in some British dramas, most notably Alfred Hitchcock's The Manxman and Blackmail (both 1929). Ondra formed a production company, Ondra-Lamac-Films, with her boyfriend, director Karel Lamač. Lamac directed her in several silent films, acted with her in films directed by other filmmakers, and continued to work together after her marriage with Max.
Ondra's career in the UK was hurt by the introduction of talking pictures. A minute-long test film where Ondra speaks English has survived, in which Hitchcock chauvinistically asks the actress if she is a "bad woman" and if she sleeps with men, making her leave before the reel ends. When Blackmail was remade with sound, Ondra's thick accent was considered unacceptable, so her dialogue was recorded by actress Joan Barry. She returned to Germany and married boxer Max Schmeling in 1933.
Ondra made some 40 more films in the sound era, the last in 1957, and in total over 90 films.
Ondra was portrayed by Britt Ekland in the television movie Ring of Passion (1978), wherein the character was named "Amy Ondra Schmeling". She was also portrayed by Peta Wilson in the historical boxing docudrama Joe and Max (2002).
|1920||Gilly poprvé v Praze||Silent|
|1920||Lady with the Small Foot||Silent|
|1922||Look After Your Daughters||Silent|
|1922||Lead Us Not into Temptation||Silent|
|1926||Hraběnka z Podskalí||Liduska||Silent|
|Never the Twain||Zuzka Pestová / Lili Weberová||Silent|
|Hotel Erzherzogin Viktoria||Steffi Haidegger||Silent|
|Anicko, vrat se!||Anicka Karesová||Silent|
|Kvet ze Sumavy||Dána||Silent|
|The Lovers of an Old Criminal||Fifi Hrazánková||Silent||with Vlasta Burian|
|1928||Eve's Daughters||Nina Laval / Anny de Lavais||Silent|
|God's Clay||Angela Clifford||Silent||Directed by Graham Cutts|
|Glorious Youth||Eileen||Silent||Directed by Graham Cutts|
|The First Kiss||Anny Cord||Silent|
|Suzy Saxophone||Anni von Aspen||Silent|
|1929||The Manxman||Kate Cregeen||Silent||Directed by Alfred Hitchcock|
|Sinful and Sweet||Musette||Silent|
|Blackmail||Alice White||English||Directed by Alfred Hitchcock|
|The Girl with the Whip||Anny Nebenkrug||Silent|
|1930||The Caviar Princess||Annemarie||Silent|
|Das Mädel aus U.S.A.||Annemarie||German|
|Fairground People||Anny Flock||German|
|Eine Freundin, so goldig wie Du||Anny||German|
|1931||Him and His Sister||Anny Brabcová||Czech||with Vlasta Burian|
|Er und seine Schwester||Anny Spatz||German||with Vlasta Burian|
|Die Fledermaus||Adele||German||with Iván Petrovich and Georg Alexander|
|1932||Mamsell Nitouche||Mamsell Nitouche||German||with Georg Alexander|
|A Night in Paradise||Monika Böhnicke||German||with Hermann Thimig|
|La Chauve-Souris||Arlette||French||with Iván Petrovich|
|Une nuit au paradis||Monique Béchue||French|
|Faut-il les marier ?||Anny||French||with Jean-Pierre Aumont|
|Die grausame Freundin||Welgunda||German|
|Kiki||Kiki||German||with Hermann Thimig|
|Kiki||Kiki||French||with Pierre Richard-Willm|
|Baby ||Baby||German||with Anton Walbrook|
|1933||Baby ||Baby||French||with Pierre Richard-Willm|
|The Ideal Schoolmaster||Vera Matysová||Czech|
|Daughter of the Regiment||Mary Dreizehn||German|
|La fille du régiment||Mary||French||with Pierre Richard-Willm|
|Fräulein Hoffmanns Erzählungen||Anita Limann||German||with Mathias Wieman|
|The Love Hotel||Hanne Boll||German||with Mathias Wieman|
|1934||Die vertauschte Braut||Virginia Vanderloo / Colly||German||with Anton Walbrook|
|L'amour en cage||La baronne de Rèze / Anny||French|
|Little Dorrit||Amy Dorrit||German||with Mathias Wieman|
|Polish Blood||Helena Zaremba||German||with Hans Moser and Iván Petrovich|
|Polská krev||Helena Zarembová||Czech|
|1935||Knockout||Marianne Pl��mke||German||with her husband Max Schmeling|
|Großreinemachen||Bessie||German||with Wolf Albach-Retty|
|The Young Count||Billy||German||with Hans Söhnker|
|1936||Donogoo Tonka||Josette||German||Directed by Reinhold Schünzel|
|Flitterwochen||Ingeborg||German||with Hans Söhnker|
|1937||A Girl from the Chorus||Henriette Lange||German|
|Vor Liebe wird gewarnt||Anny Palme||German|
|Cause for Divorce||Anny||German|
|Důvod k rozvodu||Anny Plavcova||Czech|
|The Irresistible Man||Claudette Renier||German||with Hans Söhnker|
|1938||Narren im Schnee||Dorothee Heinemann||German|
|1941||The Gasman||Erika Knittel||German||with Heinz Rühmann|
|1943||Heaven, We Inherit a Castle||German|
|1951||You Have to be Beautiful||Rode de Lila||German||with Sonja Ziemann|
|1957||The Zurich Engagement||Anny Ondra||German||with Liselotte Pulver|
- She was given the Honorary German Film Award in 1970.
- Canning, Mike (December 2008). "At The Movies: Holiday Season Brings a New Spate of Dramas". Hill Rag. Archived from the original on 2008-12-08.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- "Boxing legend Max Schmeling dies at 99". USA Today. Berlin: The Associated Press. February 4, 2005.
- Canning, Mike (December 2008). "At The Movies: Holiday Season Brings a New Spate of Dramas". Hill Rag. Archived from the original on 2009-03-25.
- "Funny Ladies 1". La Cineteca del Friuli. 2002.
- Baby (1932) on IMDb
- Baby (1933) on IMDb
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