Anne Murray Lyon, Countess of Kinghorne (1579 – 27 February 1618), Scottish courtier said to be the mistress of James VI of Scotland.
Fair Mistress Anne Murray
Anne Murray was the daughter of John Murray, 1st Earl of Tullibardine, Master of the King's Household and Catherine Drummond. Her sister Lilias Murray married John Grant of Freuchie in June 1591. James VI (and John Wemyss of Logie) attended the wedding at Tullibardine. On the same day the Earl of Bothwell escaped from Edinburgh Castle.
Anne Murray was the mistress of James VI of Scotland from 1593 until her marriage to Patrick Lyon in 1595. Some evidence of the relationship comes from poems written by the king, with titles "A Dreame on his Mistres My Ladie Glammis" and "A Complaint on his Mistressis Absence from Court".
In May 1595, she married Patrick Lyon, 1st Earl of Kinghorne at Stirling, (John Carey thought the wedding was at Linlithgow). He was the son of John Lyon, 8th Lord Glamis and Elizabeth Abernethy.. Neither James VI or Anne of Denmark attended the wedding because Anne was ill at Linlithgow. The king and queen planned to come to the wedding banquet on 1 June, to be celebrated with "great triumph" at Stirling Castle, but Anne of Denmark was ill again, rumoured to have suffered a miscarriage. The marriage was of political and factional importance in Scotland, arranged by the Earl of Mar without Patrick's uncle, Thomas Lyon, Master of Glamis' knowledge. The Master of Glamis had wanted Patrick to marry a sister of the Laird of Cessford. Mar's actions were part of his feud with the Chancellor of Scotland, John Maitland of Thirlestane.
James VI and Euphemia Douglas
In 1593 James VI was linked with another member of the Lyon family, Eufamia Douglas, daughter of Sir William Douglas of Lochleven, Earl of Morton and Agnes Leslie. She married the Master of Glamis in 1586. She and her sisters were sometimes called the "seven pearls of Lochleven", and she may also have been known as "Lady Glamis". Dr Tobias Matthew, Bishop of Durham wrote of the "king's affection to the Lady Morton's daughter", and that she might be connected with the Earl of Bothwell's schemes, and draw a person of "greater estate" into Elizabeth's devotion. In a second letter Matthew mentioned a mystery concerning the "king's love" Lady Morton's daughter and letter intercepted by Bothwell concerning the succession to the English throne intended for the person of "great estate". Euphemia Douglas however, was not the king's mistress mentioned in Carey's letters. Matthew's story may concern another of the seven Douglas of Lochleven sisters.
Children of Anne and Patrick Lyon, 1st Earl of Kinghorne were:
- James Lyon (d. August 1641)
- Patrick Lyon
- Frederick Lyon (d. 1660)
- Anne Lyon (d. 8 February 1637)
- Jean Lyon (d. 2 February 1618)
- John Lyon, 2nd Earl of Kinghorne (13 August 1596 - 12 May 1646), a direct male-line ancestor to Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (1900–2002), mother of Queen Elizabeth II.
She died on 27 February 1618.
- W. Boyd & H. Meikle, Calendar State Papers Scotland, vol. 10 (Edinburgh, 1936), pp. 533-5.
- . Allan Westcott, New poems by James I of England: from a hitherto unpublished manuscript (Columbia University Press, 1911), pp. 12, 78-80.
- King of England James I, author, Rhodes, Neill; Richards, Jennifer and Marshall, Joseph, editors, "King James VI and I: Selected Writings," (Ashgate Publishing, 2004), pp.129, 131. ISBN 978-0-7546-0482-2: Helena Mennie Shire, Song, Dance and Poetry of the Court of Scotland (Cambridge, 1969), pp. 193-4
- John Stewart-Murray, Duke of Atholl, Chronicles of the Atholl and Tullibardine families, vol. 1 (Edinburgh, 1908), p. 19: J. Bain, Calendar of letters and papers relating to the affairs of the borders of England and Scotland, vol. 2 (Edinburgh, 1894), pp. 30-1, 44.
- Older sources following Carey's letter state the wedding took place in June at Linlithgow, e.g., Scots Peerage (1911), p. 294.
- G. R. Hewitt, ‘Lyon, John, eighth Lord Glamis (c.1544–1578)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 22 March 2011
- Calendar State Papers Scotland, vol. 11 (Edinburgh, 1936), nos. 533, 550, 556.
- Calendar State Papers Scotland, vol. 11 (Edinburgh, 1936), nos. 527, 528, 530, 533, 534.
- J. Bain, Calendar of Border Papers, vol. 1 (Edinburgh, 1894), p. 484, 491.
- Westcott, New Poems by James I of England, p. 79.