Early life and education
Scott was born April 24, 1921, in Montezuma, Georgia. In 1941 she graduated summa cum laude and Phi Beta Kappa from the University of Georgia. She then worked for the National League of Women Voters in Washington, D.C. She earned a master's degree in political science from Northwestern University in 1944. She married Andrew MacKay Scott in 1947. She then began her doctoral studies at Radcliffe College, Harvard University, while raising their children, a daughter and two sons.
She received her PhD in 1949. She had temporary teaching appointments at Haverford College and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and in 1961 became assistant professor of history at Duke University. In 1980 Firor Scott became the first female chair of Duke's history department. She worked at Duke for the next three decades, until her retirement in 1991. In 1965, President Lyndon Johnson appointed her to the Citizens Advisory Council on the Status of Women. Firor Scott was named the W. K. Boyd Professor Emerita of History at Duke University, as well as an editor of the American Women's History Series at the University of Illinois Press and an editor for UPA.
In 1970, her book The Southern Lady: From Pedestal to Politics, 1830–1930, was published; it is now considered a classic that almost singlehandedly created the modern field of Southern women's history.
In 1984, she became president of the Organization of American Historians. In 1987, the Anne Firor Scott Research Fund was created as an endowment to support students conducting independent research in women's history. In 1989 she became president of the Southern Historical Association. The Women's Studies living group at Duke named their dormitory after her. Since 1992 the Organization of American Historians has awarded the annual Lerner-Scott Prize, named for her and historian Gerda Lerner, to the writer each year of the best doctoral dissertation in U.S. women's history. In 2002 Firor Scott received the Organization of American Historians' Distinguished Service Award. She received the American Historical Association’s Scholarly Achievement Award in 2008.
The Anne Firor Scott papers, 1963–2002, are held at Duke University. Visible Women: New Essays on American Activism, a collection of essays drawing inspiration from Scott's 1984 work, Making the Invisible Woman Visible was published in 1993. Writing Women's History: A Tribute to Anne Firor Scott was published in 2011. It contains essays on how women's history is written in the wake of Scott's book The Southern Lady: From Pedestal to Politics, 1830–1930. Edited by Elizabeth Anne Payne, the collection has contributions from Scott herself, Laura F. Edwards, Crystal Feimster, Glenda E. Gilmore, Jacquelyn Dowd Hall, Darlene Clark Hine, Mary Kelley, Markeeva Morgan, Laurel Thatcher Ulrich, and Deborah Gray White. It is based on papers presented at the University of Mississippi's annual Chancellor Porter L. Fortune Symposium in Southern History.
- The Southern Lady: From Pedestal to Politics, 1830–1930 (1970)
- Women in American Life (1970)
- The American woman: who was she? (Eyewitness accounts of American history series) (1971)
- One Half the People: The Fight for Woman Suffrage (with Andrew M. Scott) (1975)
- What, then, is the American; this new woman? (1978)
- Women in American History : a Bibliography (Scott only wrote the introduction; the editor is Cynthia E. Harrison) (1979)
- Making the Invisible Woman Visible (1984)
- “Women in the South,” with Jacquelyn Dowd Hall in Interpreting Southern History: Historiographical Essays in Honor of Sanford W. Higginbotham, ed. John B. Boles and Evelyn T. Nolen (Baton Rouge, 1987), 454–509.
- Foreword, When the World Ended: The Diary of Emma LeConte (Earl Schenck Miers is the editor and Emma LeConte is the author) (1987)
- Virginia Women: The First Two Hundred Years (with Suzanne Lebsock) (1988)
- Natural Allies: Women's Associations in American History (1992)
- Foreword, The Hard-Boiled Virgin (Frances Newman is the author of the book) (1993)
- Unheard Voices: The First Historians of Southern Women (1993)
- Introduction, Women's Life and Work in the Southern Colonies (Author is Julia Cherry Spruill) (1998)
- Introduction, Votes for Women: A 75th Anniversary Album (Authors are Ellen DuBois and Karen Kearns) (1999)
- Southern Women and Their Families in the 19th Century Papers and Diaries Microform (Research Collections in Women's Studies) (Anne Firor Scott, Daniel Lewis, and Martin Paul Schipper were editors; authors are University Publications of America and University of Texas at Austin Center for American History) (2000)
- The Road to Seneca Falls: Elizabeth Cady Stanton and the First Woman's Rights Convention (author is Judith Wellman; Anne Firor Scott and Nancy Hewitt were editors) (Women in American History Series) (2005)
- Pauli Murray and Caroline Ware: Forty Years of Letters in Black and White (2006)
- Lucy Somerville Howorth: New Deal Lawyer, Politician, and Feminist from the South (with Dorothy S. Shawhan and Martha H. Swain) (2011)
- Preface, Never Ask Permission: Elisabeth Scott Bocock of Richmond, A Memoir by Mary Buford Hitz (Author is Mary Buford Hitz) (2012)
- Honorary degrees from Queens College, Northwestern University, Radcliffe College, and the University of the South
- Berkshire Conference Prize in 1980
- University Medal from Duke University in 1994
- Organization of American Historians' Distinguished Service Award in 2002
- Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2004.
- American Historical Association’s Scholarly Achievement Award in 2008
- 2013 National Humanities Medal (awarded in 2014) 
- "Anne Firor Scott". History News Network. Archived from the original on April 9, 2012. Retrieved January 9, 2013.
- "Dr. Anne Firor Scott". Columbia Star. October 22, 2010. Retrieved January 9, 2013.
- "Women's History Pioneeer Anne Firor Scott has Died at 97". Duke Today. February 6, 2019. Retrieved February 7, 2019.
- "Scott, Anne Firor (1921–) – U.S. Southern History". Encyclopedia.jrank.org. Archived from the original on December 27, 2012. Retrieved January 9, 2013.
- Payne, Elizabeth Anne (2011). Writing Women's History: A Tribute to Anne Firor Scott. University Press of Mississippi. p. 15. ISBN 978-1617031748.
- McNally, Deborah. "Anne Firor Scott (1921 – ) Bullitt Chair (October 1986)". Dr. Quintard Taylor, Jr. Retrieved January 9, 2013.
- Stasio, Frank; Stone, Olympia (April 7, 2008). "Meet Anne Firor Scott". WUNC. Archived from the original on October 15, 2010. Retrieved January 9, 2013.
- "Inventory of the Anne Firor Scott papers, 1963–2002". Rubenstein Library, Duke University Libraries. Retrieved January 9, 2013.
- "Dr. Anne Firor Scott". Columbia Star. Retrieved January 9, 2013.
- Scott, Anne Firor (1995). The Southern Lady: From Pedestal to Politics, 1830–1930. University Press of Virginia. ISBN 978-0-8139-1644-6. Retrieved January 9, 2013.
- Huckabee, Charles (January 3, 2013). "Gerda Lerner, Pioneering Scholar of Women's History, Dies at 92". The Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved January 9, 2013.
- "Anne Firor Scott".
- "Writing Women's History: A Tribute to Anne Firor Scott".
- Scott, Anne Firor; Scott, Andrew Mackay (1982). ONE HALF THE PEOPLE: The Fight for Woman Suffrage: Anne Firor Scott, Andrew MacKay Scott: 9780252010057. ISBN 0252010051.
- "Book of Members, 1780–2010: Chapter S" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
- "Duke's first female history department chair honored at White House". Archived from the original on July 29, 2014. Retrieved July 29, 2014.